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[139] to exchange for them, as they were immediately shipped off and not left for recapture.

About the close of this action the ammunition in the cartridge-boxes gave out, which, with the loss of many of the field officers, produced great confusion in the ranks. Seeing that the enemy did not take advantage of this fact, I ordered a charge upon the left — enemy's right — with the division under Gen. C. F. Smith, which was most brilliantly executed, and gave to our arms full assurance of victory. The battle lasted until dark, giving us possession of part of their intrenchments. An attack was ordered upon their other flank, after the charge by Gen. Smith was commenced, by the divisions under Gen. McClernand and Wallace, which, notwithstanding the hours of exposure to a heavy fire in the fore part of the day, was gallantly made, and the enemy further repulsed. At the points thus gained, night having come on, all the troops encamped for the night, feeling that a complete victory would crown their labors at an early hour in the morning. This morning, at a very early hour, Gen. S. B. Buckner sent a message to our camp under a flag of truce, proposing an armistice, etc. A copy of the correspondence which ensued is herewith accompanied.

I cannot mention individuals who specially distinguished themselves, but leave that to division and brigade officers, whose reports will be forwarded as soon as received. To division commanders, however, Generals McClernand, Smith and Wallace, I must do the justice to say that each of them were with their commands in the midst of danger, and were always ready to execute all orders, no matter what the exposure to themselves.

At the hour the attack was made on General McClernand's command, I was absent, having received a note from Flag-Officer Foote, requesting me to go and see him, he being unable to call.

My personal staff--Col. J. D. Webster, Chief of Staff; Col. J. Riggin, Jr., volunteer Aid; Capt. J. A. Rawlins, A. A. General; Captains C. B. Lagow and W. S. Hillyer, Aids, and Lieut.-Col. V. B. McPherson, Chief Engineer--all are deserving of personal mention for their gallantry and services.

For full details, and reports and particulars, reference is made to the reports of the Engineer, Medical Director and commanders of brigades and divisions, to follow.

I am, General, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

U. S. Grant, Brigadier-General.


Correspondence.


Gen. Buckner to Gen. Grant.

headquarters Fort Donelson, February 16, 1862.
sir: In consideration of all the circumstances governing the present situation of affairs at this station, I propose to the commanding officer of the Federal forces, the appointment of Commissioners to agree upon terms of capitulation of the forces and post under my command, and in that view suggest an armistice until twelve o'clock to-day.

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

S. B. Buckner, Brigadier-General C. S.A.
To Brigadier-Gen. Grant, Commanding U. S. Forces near Fort Donelson.


Letter of instruction to bearer of Des patches.

headquarters Fort Donelson, February 16, 1862.
Major Cashy will take or send by an officer to the nearest picket of the enemy, the accompanying communication to Gen. Grant, and request information of the point where future communication will reach him; also inform him that my headquarters will be, for the present, in Dover.

[Signed]

S. B. Buckner, Brigadier-General.
Have the white flag hoisted on Fort Donelson; not on the battery,

S. B. Buckner, Brigadier-General.


General Grant's reply.

Headquarters army in the field, camp near Donelson, Feb. 16.
To Gen. S. B. Buckner Confederate Army:
Yours of this date, proposing an armistice and appointment of Commissioners to settle terms of capitulation, is just received. No terms, other than an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted.

I propose to move immediately upon your works. I am sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

U. S. Grant, Brig.-Gen. U. S. Commanding.


General Buckner's letter of surrender.

headquarters Dover, Tenn., February 16, 1862.
To Brig.-Gen. U. S. Grant, U. S.A.:
sir: The distribution of the forces under my command, incident to an unexpected change of commanders, and the overwhelming force under your command, compel me, notwithstanding the brilliant success of the confederate arms yesterday, to accept the ungenerous and unchivalrous terms which you propose.

I am, sir, your very obedient servant,

S. B. Buckner, Brig.-Gen. C. S.A.


General Grant's order.

General order no. 2.

headquarters District of West-Tenn., Fort Donelson, Feb. 17, 1862.
The General Commanding takes great pleasure in congratulating the troops of this command for the triumph over rebellion gained by their valor on the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth instant.

For four successive nights, without shelter during the most inclement weather known in this latitude, they faced an enemy in large force


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