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Doc. 78.-Governor Pickens' proclamation calling for troops and threatening conscription.

State of South-Carolina, headquarters, March 5, 1862.
The President of the confederate States, through the Secretary of War, has called on me, as Governor of South-Carolina, to furnish five more regiments for and during the war.

Now, then, under this requisition, I do hereby call for men to come forward as volunteers, individually and separately, or by companies now [236] formed, of not less than sixty-eight aggregate to each company, and to be organized according to the principles laid down in the resolutions of the Council, hereunto attached. Tenders of service will be made in writing to the Adjutant-General's office, in Columbia. Those volunteering as individuals will be formed into companies as soon as possible, the officers to be appointed by the Governor and Council.

The Secretary of War, in his requisition, says that “each soldier will receive a bounty of fifty dollars when the regiment or company is mustered into service, and will be allowed transportation from his home to the place of rendezvous,” and will also be clothed, supplied, and armed at the expense of the confederate States. No man liable to duty will be allowed to enter any other company now in service for any term less than the war, until this requisition for five infantry regiments be complied with. If these regiments are not formed by volunteers, by the twentieth instant, then a conscription will be made to meet the balance of the requisition, upon principles which will be announced in general orders of detail, issued by the Chief of the Military Department, in conjunction with the Adjutant and Inspector-General.

I need not make an appeal to the people to meet this requisition. The country is in danger. We have met with reverses. There is no alternative. We must fight for our homes and our altars. No people are fit to be free unless they are willing to march through the perils of severe conflict and battle. This State was the cradle of the revolution. Let her sons now hang out their battle-flags from every home. Let us make the State one intrenched camp, and if we are to fall, let every freeman find, at least, a soldier's grave. Let all come to their country's call. If we are brave and true, there is no permanent danger. Without difficulty and peril, independence itself would not be valued. No people were ever free without dangers and struggles. Our true safety is to meet every danger with more indomitable courage, and to rise higher with any and every disaster. In the war of our first Revolution South-Carolina passed through far more desperate trials. Under the guide of the God of battles, we must rise to our destiny, and from our very defeats gather renewed strength in the defence of our firesides and of our homes.

Given under my hand and the seal of the State, at Columbia, this, the fifth day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, and of the independence of the State of South-Carolina the eighty-sixth.

Resolved by the Governor and Council, That, in view of the recent requisition for troops for the war by the confederate government, no person not now under orders, subject to military duty in South-Carolina, shall be permitted to enter confederate service for a less time than for the war.

Resolved, That the Chief of the Military Department, together with the Adjutant-General, proceed at once to devise a scheme by which all the arms-bearing white male inhabitants of South-Carolina, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, shall be enrolled, as well those now in service for a less period than the war, as those not in service, from which roll the troops raised shall be selected, by lot except such volunteers as shall come in as hereinafter provided.

Resolved, That individual volunteers, for infantry service, will be received until the twentieth of March instant, who shall be organized into companies, battalions, and regiments — all officers to be appointed and assigned by the Governor and Council, and the troops so organized shall be mustered immediately into confederate service.

F. J. Moses, Jr., Secretary. March 6.

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