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[248] the speed to a double-quick, our men cheered with undaunted spirit, which caused the rebels to hastily withdraw their battery, and a general stampede ensued. We now deployed to the right, the Eighteenth being in the advance, and the Eighth and Twenty-second being separated by Col. White's brigade, which, in the excitement consequent upon the unexpected attack from, and subsequent charge on the battery, had formed on its left; in this position the two brigades pushed on the enemy, in full retreat, frequently giving them a heavy fire from muskets and rifles, the chase being kept up through heavy fallen timber, passing which we got into open timber, and moved rapidly forward; the enemy now having passed out of sight, and the men being exhausted, I gave up the chase, but advanced steadily up to the Huntsville road, when I halted on the Eighteenth, and awaited the arrival of the rest of the brigade, which came up in a short time. Col. Benton arrived with the right wing of the Eighth, and the balance of Klaus's battery, who had been left to hold the crossing at Sugar Creek, no doubt thinking their lot a hard one at not being permitted to take a more active part in the achievement of so glorious a victory. This was the first time my command got all together since the engagement first commenced.

During the engagement of both the seventh and eighth, Capt. Klaus rendered the most efficient service, being several times the first day unsupported by infantry, consequently in great danger of being cut off by the enemy.

I cannot close this report without noticing the promptitude with which nearly all the officers executed the commands given, but more particularly would I return thanks for the efficient aid rendered by Lieut.-Col. Washburn, Major Thomas, and Capt. Short, Acting Major of the Eighteenth, to Col. Benton and Lieut.-Col. Shunk of the Eighth; also to my Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, Lieut. George S. Marshall, and Lieut. William F. Davis, aid-de-camp, who both rendered prompt and efficient service in delivering orders on the field.

The officers of the line tried to emulate each other in forwarding the good cause in which we are engaged, and the men deserve the praise and congratulation of the whole country for the courage and efficiency exhibited on all occasions in the face of a desperate and unscrupulous foe.

In consideration of the galling fire to which my command was frequently exposed, I am happy to say but little loss, comparatively, was sustained, every advantage being taken to save the men from exposure by lying down and otherwise, to which the accompanying list of killed, wounded, and missing will bear testimony.

The following officers have been favorably noticed by their respective commanders in regimental reports, namely:

Capts. Jonathan H. Williams, John C. Jenks, and Dr. G. W. Gordon, of the Eighteenth, and Lieut.-Col. David Shunk, of the Eighth.

Many others, no doubt, deserve particular mention, who have escaped the observation of myself and their immediate commanders.

Respectfully submitted,

Thomas Pattison, Colonel Commanding First Brigade, Third Division.


Report of Col. Washburn.

headquarters Eighteenth Reg. Ind. Vols., March 8.
Col. Thos. Pattison, Commanding First Brigade, Third Division, South-western Army:
In obedience to Order No.--, I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by the Eighteenth regiment Indiana volunteers in the recent engagement near Sugar Creek, Arkansas.

On the sixth instant, the regiment under my command was ordered to take possession of one of the high points commanding the approach to Sugar Creek by way of the main Texas road leading through Cross Hollows, and to prepare rifle-pits, which we did, working on the same until about eleven o'clock of the seventh, when the firing having opened some two miles in our rear, near the village of Leetown, we were by your orders transferred to the scene of action. On arriving at the point we were ordered to take position on the left, but had hardly formed our line when we were ordered to change our position to the extreme right of our line, move down to the right half a mile, and endeavor to get in the rear of the enemy's left, who were engaged with the Second brigade of our division. On endeavoring to gain our position we met the Fifty-ninth Illinois retreating, having been driven back by an overwhelming force. We were delayed a few moments by their running through our lines. As soon as they had passed us we made a left half-wheel and moved forward through a dense growth of timber and underbrush, and soon found ourselves in the rear of the enemy, who were pursuing the Thirty-seventh Illinois, which was falling back in good order. The first notice they had of our approach was receiving our fire.

The enemy's force, consisting of the Third Louisiana, two regiments of Arkansas troops, and a regiment of Cherokee Indians, immediately turned upon us, and made a vigorous attack, but having ordered my men to lie down, we received but little damage. The Twenty-second Indiana, which was on my left, gave way in confusion, and the enemy commenced passing around my left to the rear. I immediately faced my regiment by the rear rank, lying close to the ground, and replied to their fire in such a manner as to soon throw them into the utmost confusion. Finding my rear clear, I faced again by the front rank, and pressed on, driving the enemy back into the open field into the fire of the Thirty-seventh Illinois, which rallied in the woods to our left. The enemy fled in great disorder, leaving the guns of the Peoria light artillery, which they had taken and been using upon us, throwing canister and shell, the effects of which were


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