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[102] Berdan's Sharp-shooters did their work well, and unless something is done to check them, promotions in the confederate service will be altogether too rapid and certain. Our killed may not exceed five hundred; our wounded are nearly five thousand. Gen. Johnston was wounded in the upper part of the right shoulder, the ball or fragment of shell passing over and burying itself in the muscles that cover the shoulder-blade. In falling from his horse, two ribs were fractured. He is, therefore, permanently disabled — at least for a month or so to come. Lee assumes command of the army. Generals Pettigrew and Hatton were killed. General Rhodes and another Brigadier, whose name I cannot recall, were wounded. The number of colonels, captains, and lieutenants killed and wounded, I will not pretend to estimate. Lieutenant Washington, of Johnston's staff, while delivering an order, rode into the enemy's lines and was captured.

The fruits of the victory are meagre — some twenty-five pieces of cannon, [only seven, Ed. Rec.] several stands of colors, and four or five hundred prisoners at the outside. The enemy's loss, except at the intrenchments, is not large. Protected by his earthworks and the dense undergrowth into which we drove him, he poured a decimate fire into our devoted ranks. This, without rhodomontade, is the result of the battle. I hear that Gen. Johnston says if we can hold our own to-day, we will be in a condition to give McClellan a good drubbing. But we have fallen back.

I walked to within a mile and a half of the field yesterday morning, and gladly accepted the offer of a friend to ride back behind him. The scene on the road beggars description. Omnibuses, wagons, caissons, and other vehicles, were stalled and wrecked along the road for miles. Horsemen found it difficult to traverse the continuous mud-puddles, through which our brave fellows had marched to the scene of conflict, and were then marching under a terrible sun. I told my friend that our army must fall back, it being harder to provision it over these seven miles of mud than over the one thousand miles of rail between this and Manassas. The use of cavalry and artillery was out of the question. Even the by-paths that led from the York River Railroad to the Williamsburgh road were almost impassable, so boggy is the ground. Moreover, it is so covered with forests that a general engagement cannot take place, though many predict it to-morrow. It can hardly be done, even if McClellan were willing to risk it. Late Northern papers, taken on the field, say that he will make the attack at four or five different points, hoping to carry the day at the weakest — his columns being in supporting distance for that purpose.

The report to-day is, that he is concentrating a large force in the Mechanicsville road. We are ready for him there, and at all other points. Our army is large, full of valor, officered by the best talent, and the siege of Richmond — for such it will continue to be — will witness many desperate sorties. We hope much from the “counter-irritation” commenced by Jackson. A number of iron-clad gunboats are now not far from Drewry's Bluff, ready to participate in the assault, whenever made. We hear of Burnside's landing below Petersburgh, and of Beauregard's retreating thirty-five miles from Corinth, but the news lacks confirmation.

The city is one vast hospital. Woman's ministering hands are not wanting to alleviate the sufferings of our wounded.

Memphis appeal account.

Richmond, Tuesday, June 8, 1862.
The ostensible reason for abandoning the line of the Chickahominy, in the retreat from Yorktown, was, that in the event of a general action, Gen. Joe Johnston did not desire a river of such magnitude in his rear, and, accordingly, having frequently offered the enemy battle, and it not being accepted, he gave orders to the whole army to fall back once more, intimating to the men that the line he should assume before Richmond would be a permanent one, and that McClellan's picks and spades and gunboats, having little to do, and being comparatively of little avail, the Yankees would be forced to fight, and fight as they never did before, ere breaking through his lines, and forcing themselves into the vicinity of Richmond. The new line assumed by Gen. Johnston was on the south. side of the Chickahominy, for the most part, on the left and on the right to the river, Drewry's Bluff. The line then would be from Drewry's Bluff on the river, (our right,) following the line of the Chickahominy, and bending gradually from the east to the south and south-west, the creek becoming less wide to the west, and in many places but a mere swamp, liable to overflow, however, and in such case impracticable in crossing with its few bridges.

From Richmond there are several roads crossing the swamp and creek, running due north, north-west, and north-east, namely, commencing on the right, a river road, (dirt;) next and parallel, the Williamsburgh turnpike; again the Nine-mile or New-Bridge road, the Mechanicsville turnpike, and others further westward. All of these are parallel, having communication at right angles, about four miles from the city, and all crossing the swamp and creek by bridges. But for one whole mile from the creek southward, the land is a complete bottom, with heavy timber, being skirted toward the city by bluffy land and knolls, on several roads, except on the river and Williamsburgh roads. The enemy's position on the north bank also is high and bluffy. Our line being about seven miles from the city, the enemy threw heavy masses of troops across the Chickahominy, (distant about six or eight miles from our lines on the right, but one, however, on the left,) and skirmishing, as a natural consequence, is of daily occurrence. McClellan having crossed some forty regiments into the bottom on Friday evening, May thirtieth, and advanced his vanguard to within two miles of our position on the Williamsburgh road, a general action was contemplated

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