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[322] behooves me, under lively impressions of your conduct as well-disciplined bodies of men, who have faithfully and courageously performed the high and noble mission of the soldier, that I tender you, with a heart brimming with warmest sympathies, my most cordial approbation of your noble actions and invincible prowess upon the battle-field of August ninth.

One and all, you there and then evidenced the great spirit of patriotism which has incited you to bear an honorable and courageous part in the determination of our country to maintain its pristine integrity, and by your deeds of valor have rendered yourselves worthy the highest commendation and esteem of those who anxiously watch the course of the men in whom the nation reposes a sacred and responsible trust. It is with feelings of pride that I am convinced I have the honor of commanding soldiers braver than whom the world never saw.

Men of Ohio! I cannot too warmly speak in remembrance of your undaunted behavior and steadiness, under the severe fire of the enemy, which cut wide gaps in your lines, only to be filled up.

And you of Pennsylvania, who with alacrity and anxious wish to meet the foe, moved fearlessly forward to a post of danger assigned you by our noble commander, General Banks. The prestige you have justly gained in previous encounters, twining bright laurels upon your brows, was well sustained at Cedar Mountain.

With a prayer for the souls of those who there laid down their lives upon their country's altar, sympathy for the suffering, and praise for all, I assure you of my undying remembrance of your efforts, and my hopes of your participation, with credit to yourselves, in victories, in future, destined to cluster about our starry banner. Your hearts are in the cause — we will triumph.

Brig.-Gen. John W. Geary, Commanding First Brigade, Second Division, Second Corps, Army of Virginia.


Colonel Duffie's order.

headquarters First Rhode Island cavalry, Raccoon Ford, August 16, 1862.
special order no.--:

officers and men of the First Rhode Island cavalry: You have met the enemy bravely. You had the post of honor in the advance. You received the first shock of the battle of Cedar Mountain. Although no opportunity was offered you for charging upon the enemy's lines, you as calmly and fearlessly awaited the order to charge amidst that terrible tempest of shot and shells as though upon an evening parade, until at six o'clock, after having been three hours under fire, you were ordered from the field to other duty. For this I thank you. Your country thanks you in the name of God and Liberty.

Three of your comrades fell gloriously upon the field, while three others will carry through life the honorable marks of wounds received that day.

It is here my sad duty to say that Lieut. J. P. Taylor, (company F,) after having faithfully performed his duty at my side during the day, overcome by the excessive heat, fell a martyr to his zeal. He died the morning after the battle, from the effects of a sunstroke the evening before.

Soldiers, we have yet other work before us. Be ready. Strike hard and spare not.

By order,

A. N. Duffie, Colonel Commanding.


Washington Star account.

Washington, August 11, 1862.
The editor of the Star, who was on a visit to his family at Culpeper Court-House at the time of the battle, gives the following account of it:

On Friday morning last, Gen. Pope, staff, and escort reached Culpeper Court-House, from his last encampment, near Washington, the county-2seat of Rappahannock, having put the corps d'armee of Gen. Banks, encamped there, in motion, in the direction of Culpeper, and passing the encampment of Gen. Sigel, at Sperryville, twenty miles from Culpeper Court-House, by the way. At Culpeper Court-House Gen. Pope found Brig.-General Crawford, with his brigade of Banks's corps d'armee, (previously General Hatch's,) and Gen. Bayard's brigade of McDowell's cavalry, the extreme advance of his army of Virginia; also Brig.-Gen. Ricketts's division of Major-Gen. McDowell's corps d'armee, that had arrived two days before from Waterloo and Warrenton, McDowell himself being present, and in command of all the forces then there.

At noon on Friday Generals Pope and McDowell received intelligence from the gallant Bayard —— who, with the two regiments of his cavalry command doing duty immediately under him, a New-Jersey and a Pennsylvania regiment, had been in the saddle night and day, guarding the Rapidan, for a week, from the Raccoon Ford down to a point fourteen miles below and south of the railroad — that the enemy at daybreak had crossed the river, with two regiments of Louisiana infantry, two pieces of light artillery, and three small regiments of cavalry, and driven in his pickets. Bayard retired slowly before them, his force of eight hundred tired out cavalry only not being sufficient to hold the ground in front of such a force. He, however, disputed it inch by inch with the enemy, and succeeded in capturing about thirty rebel prisoners, including a major, a captain, and two lieutenants, on his retreat. His own loss was not over three men. We hear that he was publicly complimented by his superior officer on the field on the next day, (Saturday,) for the admirable manner in which he effected his movement. He retired to the north and east side of Robinson river, about eight miles from Culpeper Court — House, and there awaited a supporting force to arrive from the immediate vicinity of that point.

At noon of the same day Gen. Pope, on learning these facts, instantly ordered Gen. Crawford to march his brigade to that end. In half an hour after receiving this order Crawford was on the march. As his brigade, the Twenty-eighth New-York, Tenth Maine, Forty-sixth Pennsylvania,



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