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[396] with our left. The Parrots, in the mean while, were placed in position, and, under the admirable management of Lieut. Benjamin, did splendidly.

Two mountain-howitzers, also reported, and were placed on our right in the edge of the woods, near the road, and commenced shelling the woods in front of the open space, which were now occupied by the enemy, our skirmishers having previously fallen back.

The artillery fire now became very severe, and General Schenck was convinced that it was very essential that he should have another battery, and so sent me to you to get one. I arrived to find one, Capt. Romer's, just starting. You also directed to order Gen. Schenck to fall gradually back, as he was too far forward. This he had perceived, and anticipating, fell slowly back, placing his division behind the slope of the hill in front of the one we had occupied in the morning. Capt. Romer's battery in the mean time had taken position in front of the white house, on the right of the pike, a little in advance of the hill on which we were. Lieut. Benjamin's battery had suffered severely, so much so that he reported only one section fit for duty, the other having lost all its cannoneers. They were placed in position, and fired one or two rounds at the woods in front of the position we had just left.

We were now ordered to descend the hills, cross the road, and take up our position behind the house, in front of which was Capt. Romer's battery. This we did, deploying the brigades in line of battle, the Second brigade in front, and First brigade in the rear. We remained so during the night. The above report is respectfully submitted, with the remark that it is made without any communication with General Schenck, he being severely wounded, and prevented by his surgeons from attending to any business whatever. And although fully assured that the main points are correct, there may have been some orders or movements of minor importance which, in my position as Aid-de-Camp, carrying orders, might not have come within my notice.

I am, General, your most obedient servant,

W. H. Cheesbrough, A. D.C. and A. A.A. G., First Division, First Corps, Army of Virginia. To Major-General F. Sigel, Commanding First Corps, Army of Virginia.


Report of General Kearny.

headquarters First division, Third corps, army of the Potomac, Centreville, Va., Aug. 31, 1862.
Col. George D. Ruggles, Chief of Staff to Major-General John Pope:
Colonel: I report the part taken by my division in the battle of the two previous days. On the twenty-ninth, on my arrival, I was assigned to the holding of the right wing, my left on Leesburgh road. I posted Colonel Poe with Berry's brigade, in first line, General Robinson, First brigade, on his right, partly in line and partly in support, and kept Birney's most disciplined regiments reserved and ready for emergencies. Toward noon, I was obliged to occupy a quarter of a mile additional on left of said road from Schurz's troops being taken elsewhere.

During the first hours of combat, Gen. Birney, on tired regiments in the centre falling back, of his own accord rapidly pushed across to give them a hand to raise themselves to a renewed fight.

In early afternoon Gen. Pope's order, per Gen. Roberts, was to send a pretty strong force diagonally to the front, to relieve the centre in woods from pressure. Accordingly I detached on that purpose General Robinson, with his brigade, the Sixty-third Pennsylvania volunteers, Col. Hayes, the One Hundred and Fifth Pennsylvania volunteers, Captain Craig; the Twentieth Indiana, Col. Brown; and, additionally, the Third Michigan Marksmen, under Col. Champlin. General Robinson drove forward for several hundred yards, but the centre of the main body being shortly after driven back and out of the woods, my detachment thus exposed so considerably in front of all others, both flanks in air, was obliged to cease to advance, and confine themselves to holding their own. At five o'clock, thinking, though at the risk of exposing my fighting line to being enfiladed, that I might drive the enemy by an unexpected attack through the woods, I brought up additionally the most of Birney's regiments — the Fourth Maine, Colonel Walker and Lieut.-Col. Carver; Fortieth New-York, Col. Egan; First New-York, Major Burt; One Hundred and First New-York, Lieut.-Col. Gesner--and changed front to the left to sweep with a rush the first line of the enemy. This was most successful. The enemy rolled up on his own right; it presaged a victory for us all. Still our force was too light. The enemy brought up rapidly heavy reserves, so that our further progress was impeded. General Stevens came up gallantly in action to support us, but did not have the numbers.

On the morning of the thirtieth, Gen. Ricketts, with two brigades, relieved me of my extra charge of the left of the road, and I again concentrated my command. We took no part in the fight of the morning, although we lost men by an enfilading fire of the enemy's batteries. A sudden and unaccountable evacuation of the field by the left and centre occurring about five P. M., on orders from Gen. Pope, I massed my troops at the indicated point, but soon reoccupied with Birney's brigade, supported by Robinson, a very advanced block of woods. The key-point of this new line rested on the brown house toward the creek. This was held by regiments of other brigades. Soon, however, themselves attacked, they ceded ground and retired without warning us. I maintained my position until ten P. M., when, in connection with Gen. Reno and Gen. Gibson, assigned to the rear-guard, I retired my brigades. My command arrived at Centreville in good order at two A. M. this morning, and encamped in front of the Centreville forts. My loss in killed and wounded is over seven hundred and fifty--about one in three--in some regiments engaged a great deal severer; in the Third Michigan,



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