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[397] one hundred and forty out of two hundred; none taken prisoners, except my engineer officer, who returned to the house supposed to be held by the troops alluded to.

It makes me proud to dwell on the renewed efforts of my Generals of brigades — Birney and Robinson. My regiments all did well, and the remiss in camp seemed as brightest in the field. Besides my old tried regiments, who have been previously noted in former actions, and maintained their prestige, I have to mark the One Hundred and First New-York and Fifty-seventh Pennsylvania volunteers as equalling all that their comrades have done before. Their commanders, Lieut.-Col. Gesner, with the One Hundred and First New-York volunteers, and Major Birney, with the Fifty-seventh Pennsylvania volunteers, have imparted to them the stamp of their own high character. The Sixty-third Pennsylvania and Fortieth New-York volunteers, under the brave Colonel Egan, suffered the most. The gallant Hays is badly wounded. The loss of officers has been great; that of Col. Brown can hardly be replaced. Brave, skilful, a disciplinarian, full of energy, and a charming gentleman, his Twentieth Indiana must miss him. The country loses in him one who promised to fill worthily high trusts. The Third Michigan, ever faithful to their name, under Col. Champlin and Major Pierce, lose one hundred and forty out of two hundred and sixty combatants. Col. Champlin is again disabled. The staunch Fourth Maine, under Walker and Carver, true men, of a rare type, drove on through the stream of battle irresistibly. The One Hundred and Fifth Pennsylvania volunteers were not wanting. They are Pennsylvanians — mountain men — again have they been fearfully decimated. The desperate charge of these regiments sustains the past history of this division.

The lists of killed and wounded, and reports of brigades and regiments, will be shortly furnished.

Randolph's battery of light twelves was worked with boldness and address, though narrowly watched by three long-reaching enfilading batteries of the enemy. It constantly silenced one of theirs in its front, and shelled and ricocheted its shots into the reenforcements moving from the enemy's heights down into the woods. On the twenty-seventh, with two sections and Robinson's brigade, Capt. Randolph had powerfully contributed to Gen. Hooker's success at Bristow station.

Capt. Graham, First United States Artillery, put at General Sigel's disposition, as repeatedly drove the enemy back into the woods, as the giving way of that infantry left the front unobstructed. His practice was beautifully correct, and proved irresistible. On the thirty-first, Capt. Graham, not being required on the right, was sent to the extreme left, and rendered important service with Gen. Reno, firing until late in the night.

Lieut.----, a German officer of distinction, put at my disposal by General Sigel, with two long-range Parrotts covered our right flank, and drove afar the enemy's battery and regiments. I name these gentlemen as ornaments to their branch of the service.

I must refer to Gen. Hooker to render justice to the part taken by my First brigade, under Gen. Robinson, and Randolph's battery, in the affair of the twenty-seventh, at Bristow station.

Again am I called on to name the efficiency of my staff. Capt. Mindil, often cited, brave and intelligent, was the only military Aid present to assist me; but Dr. Pancost, Division Surgeon-General, not only insured the promptness of his department, but with heroism and aptitude, carried for me my orders.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

P. Kearny, Major-General, Commanding First Division.


Colonel Scammon's report.

headquarters First provisional brigade, Kanawha division, Fort Ramsay, August 30, 1862.
Captain G. M. Bascom, A. A.G.:
sir: I send, herewith, the reports of Colonel White and Lieut.-Col. Coleman, commanding the Twelfth and Eleventh Ohio regiments in the recent affair at Bull Run. I have already rendered a report of the march, and I have only to transmit the detailed reports, with such remarks as I deem necessary to preserve a true record of the affair.

I reached Bull Run bridge at half-past 8 A. M. of the twenty-seventh. On our near approach to the bridge I heard the reports of cannon, apparently some five or six pieces, fired with some degree of rapidity. On reaching the bridge we found that the New-Jersey brigade, under Gen. Taylor, was engaged with the enemy, but hearing only cannon, fancied that it was only a contest between artillery at long-range. I did not then know that the New-Jersey brigade was unprovided with artillery. I do not remember to have heard any musketry beyond what might have passed for the accidental discharge of a few pieces from carelessness of soldiers. Certainly, there was nothing bearing the least resemblance to the rattle of musketry from four regiments of infantry. We had just left the cars, when the New-Jersey troops came pouring along the track of the railroad in utter disorder — some of them talking of overwhelming numbers of the enemy, some censuring because they were ordered to retreat without firing a gun. I asked the meaning of what I saw, and was answered that Gen. Taylor had ordered the troops to move back around a bend of the road, to get out of range of the enemy's cannon. I wrote a note to General Taylor, announcing my arrival, and that I would move up instantly to his support. The Twelfth Ohio was ordered to the bridge to hold it, and was moving up as fast as the press of the retreating force would permit, when I received from the Assistant Adjutant-General of Gen. Taylor the information that he was disabled, and turned over the command to me. I sent my Assistant Adjutant-General, Lieut. Kennedy, of the Twenty-third Ohio volunteers, to halt the fugitives and



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