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[414] two miles from Rogersville the line of battle was formed — the Sixty-ninth on the right, Sixteenth Indiana on the left, and the batteries in the centre.

The battle commenced about six o'clock by heavy artillery firing on both sides. The rebels, with the intention to dislocate our artillery and infantry, were strengthening their position by planting three additional batteries. The men under my command stood for about two hours a terrible fire of shot and shell, when, in order to save the lives of as many of my men as possible, I ordered them to lie down. In the mean time company A, Captain Finley, was ordered out as skirmishers to guard the right flank. He, as well as his officers and men, performed the hazardous duty nobly. About ten o'clock I received orders to move with seven companies of my command to the left to the assistance of the Sixteenth Indiana. I felt sorry to leave only three companies, A, F, and D, on the right, feeling confident that the enemy would force and turn our right flank. The seven companies ordered to the left, marched under my command steadily for about half a mile under a galling and terrible fire of shot, shell, and musketry. We took a position at the extreme left, relieving Colonel Lucas. I despatched two companies, B and C, as flanking companies on our extreme left.

The rebel force in our front was two regiments of infantry and some artillery. After trying several times to turn our front without success, they commenced to outflank us. The One Hundred and Fifty-fourth and Thirteenth Tennessee made the first attack on our left flank; while the three companies, A, F, and D, on the extreme right of the army, were engaged successfully as skirmishers against sharp-shooters and artillery. Captain Ross, company D, drove the rebel artillery twice from their position; while Captain Finley, with company A, kept the sharp-shooters of General Churchill at bay. Col. Butler, of the rebel army, was killed here.

Col. Fitzgerald, of the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth Tennessee, led the attack against our left with two regiments of Tennesseeans. He was killed; and the attack being unsuccessful, two more regiments were ordered up under command of General Preston Smith, to defeat our left wing. We gave way after half an hour's fighting against greatly superior numbers, Captains Nation and Wingett, of companies B and G, defending every inch of ground. About this time Adjt. Perry's horse was killed and he wounded; but notwithstanding he unflinchingly performed his duty. We were compelled to fall back behind the Seventy-first Indiana, which was forming in line of battle to check the advance of the enemy. While forming our lines my horse was struck by a cannon-ball, thus falling, myself being under him, paralyzing me and injuring me internally. Capt. Finley took command immediately. Three more lines of battle were formed by order of General Manson.

The men fought gallantly, defending every inch of ground, until compelled to surrender two miles beyond Richmond.

I regret to record the death of Major Walter-house, and Lieut. Cowing, of company B. Both fought gallantly and did high credit to the regiment. Our loss is between seventy and eighty killed, about two hundred wounded, and four hundred and seventy taken prisoners, all of whom are paroled.

Capt. George H. Bonebrake, company C, acted the coward, deserting his company and running off.

List of killed and wounded officers.

Killed--Major Walterhouse, Lieut. Cowing.

Wounded--Col. H. J. Korff, internally; Lieut.-Col. Stout, Adjt. Perry, Capt. Collins, company I; Lieutenant Foster, company I; Lieut. Martin, company C, severely; Lieut. J. S. Way, company C; Lieut. J. Holton, company K; Capt. Wingett, company G, badly; Lieut. Mount, company G.

The rebels refusing to give any information in regard to the killed and wounded, it is impossible for me to furnish a correct list of the same at present.

Respectfully your obedient servant,

Harman J. Korff, Lieut.-Colonel U. S. Volunteers, Commanding Sixty-ninth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry.

List of officers and men of company A, Sixty-ninth regiment Indiana volunteers, taken prisoners by Kirby Smith, August thirtieth, 1862, at Richmond, Ky.:



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