Question. Did you suffer from cold.
Answer. Yes, sir, severely.
Question. Was your money taken from you?
Answer. Those of us that had money had it pretty much all taken away, or scared out of us.
Question. What kind of food had you after you reached Richmond
Answer. We got, I should judge, about six ounces of light bread, and in the afternoon about two spoonfuls of black beans — worm-eaten beans.
Question. Was that all you had for the day?
Answer. I think we got, once a day, about two ounces of meat.
Question. What was the character of the meat and bread?
Answer. The character of the meat was pretty tolerably rough.
I cannot exactly describe it. I never did eat any beef like some of it; and the first dose of medicine I took since I was in the army, was when I was put in the hospital at Danville
About six or seven weeks ago, before that, I was always a hearty, healthy man.
Question. Have you had any disease or sickness except that occasioned by want of proper food and clothing?
Answer. No, sir; I think not. [The surgeon here remarked: “His disease is the result of starvation, privation, and exposure.” ]
Question. When were you exchanged?
Answer. We left Richmond
on the first of May, I think.
I have more of a life-like feeling about me now than I had when I left Richmond
Question. Do you think you are in a better condition now?
Answer. Yes, sir; I know I am. The authorities did not think it safe for me to start; but I told them if I was going to die, I would rather die on the Chesapeake
than die there.
Question. After you grew so very sick, was your food improved any?
Answer. Very little.
The last food I received was light diet.
When I left the hospital to go on board the flag-of-truce boat, I received about a gill of what they call soup, though in fact it was just nothing; I should say it was only a little starch and water; and then I got a little piece of corn-bread, about that large, (measuring on his fingers about two inches square,) and we got a piece of meat, once a day, about the same size.
Question. Were the other men treated as you were, so far as you know?
Answer. Yes, sir. I wish to speak of one thing.
After this food was issued out, what was called the ward-master would go round in the evening with a little mush made of meal, and give some of us a table-spoonful of it. Say there were sixty or eighty patients, and there would be six or eight, may be ten of those patients would get a little spoonful of this mush; and then he would come round a little while afterward and pour a table-spoonful of molasses over it; and just as likely as not, in a few minutes after that he would come around with some vinegar and pour a spoonful of vinegar over that.
Question. Why did he do that?
Answer. He said that was the way it was issued to him.
Question. Did he give any reason for mixing it altogether in that way?
Answer. No, sir; and there were a great many of our own men who treated us as bad as the secesh, because those there acting as nurses, if there was any little delicacy for the sick, would just gobble it up.
Question. Were all of our men suffering for want of food.
Answer. Yes, sir, all of them.
In the winter time these secesh got so they would haul up loads of cabbages, all full of lice, and throw them raw into the room for us to eat.
Question. Where are you from?
Answer. From Guernsey County
Question. To what regiment do you belong?
Answer. Fortieth Ohio.
Question. How long have you been in the service?
Answer. Pretty nearly three years.
Question. Where were you taken prisoner?
Answer. At Chickamauga
Answer. On the twenty-second of last September.
Question. State what happened then to you?
Answer. When they took me prisoner they took me right on to Richmond
, kept me there a while, then sent me to Danville
and kept me there a while.
I got sick at Danville
and was put in the hospital, and then they sent me back to Richmond
and paroled me and sent me here.
Question. How did they treat you while you were a prisoner?
Answer. Pretty bad. They gave us corn-bread, and not very much of it; and we had to lie right down on the floor, without any blankets, until a long while about Christmas.
We had just to lie as thick on the floor as we could get.
Question. How were you treated when you were taken sick?
Answer. A little better.
We then had a sort of bed to lie on.
Question. Did you have all the food you wanted?
Answer. No, sir.
Question. What kind of food did you get?
Answer. Corn-bread, a little piece of meat, sometimes a little rice-soup, and sometimes a few beans.
Question. How often did you get meat?
Answer. Along through the winter we got a little bit of fresh beef, (perhaps once a day,) and then from about March a little pork.
Question. What was the matter with you when you went to the hospital?
Answer. I got a cough which settled on me, and I had a pain in my breast.
Question. Were there any other prisoners at Danville
Answer. Yes, sir.