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[323] and bitter cold, and much of the time with only such scanty rations as you could procure in your rapid march. You bore such hardships and privations as few of our soldiers have been called upon to encounter, without a murmur or a single word of complaint. You have acquitted yourselves like worthy soldiers of the Republic. “Through the Lord you have done valorously.” Your country is proud of your achievements. To your valor and endurance are due the success of our undertaking. With such men few things are impossible.

We drop a tear to the memory of our brave comrades who sleep in the valley of East-Tennessee, and tender to their surviving friends our heartfelt sympathies.

Let it be our pride to emulate their heroism and devotion to our most glorious and holy cause. In future let your conduct as soldiers be in keeping with your recent glorious deeds. Others will respect you all the more because you belonged to the expeditionary force to East-Tennessee.

Soldiers, again the General Commanding thanks you.

By command of Brig.-General Carter. C. W. Cowan, A. A.G. Official--C. J. Walker, Colonel Tenth Kentucky Cavalry, Major Wm. Reany's Battalion Seventh Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.

Cincinnati commercial account.

Winchester, Ky., January 11, 1863.
If your readers will for a moment lay before them their maps of Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee, I will endeavor to lay out to them the route pursued by General Carter in his expedition to East-Tennessee. The First battalion of the Seventh Ohio cavalry, under command of Major Reany, consisting of company A, Captain Green, First Lieutenant A. Hall; company B, Captain Lewis, First Lieutenant J. P. Santmyer, Second Lieutenant W. T. Burton; company C, Captain Simpson, Second Lieutenant M. Schuler; company D, Captain E. Lindsay, Second Lieutenant, Samuel Murphy; Acting Adjutant, D. Sayer; Acting Quartermaster, Second Lieutenant Rich--left this camp on the twentieth of December, under the guidance of Colonel Carter, of the Second Tennessee volunteers, and proceeded to Clarke's salt-works, at the head of the Kentucky River, where we were to meet a force of cavalry, under General Carter, to proceed somewhere, on some important business, no one knew where or what. We arrived at our destination on the twenty fourth ultimo, ahead of the rest of the force.

Clarke's salt-works is situated near the mouth of Goose Creek, and has never yet been in the hands of the rebels. They attempted to take the place some six months ago, but the mountaineers, being nearly all strong Union men, met them, and drove them from the field ; killing four, and wounding eight. They have notified Mr. Brown, the Superintendent, several times, that they were coining to take it; but have, as yet, failed to do so.

On Christmas-day, a courier arrived from Gen. Carter to move up Goose Creek to Hurd's, where he would join us. At noon General Carter came up with ten companies of the Ninth Pennsylvania cavalry, under command of Major Russell, two battalions Second Michigan cavalry, under Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell, our forces thus united making one thousand and five, rank and file, officers, servants, etc., all told. After feeding, here on secesh hay, we proceeded to the Red Bird Fork of the Kentucky River; following up said river to its head-waters, we crossed through War Gap to the Pine Mountain; crossed said mountain, and at its foot struck the Cumberland River; followed up this river to Mt. Pleasant, tie county-seat of Harlan County; this is one of the county-seats, and is certainly worth describing. It consists of a court-house, with the gable end out; a log jail, the logs so far apart that a man could crawl between them ; half a dozen log huts inhabited by white people, who refused a drink of water to a Union soldier.

Leaving the Cumberland River here, we followed up Martin's Creek to the foot of Cumberland Mountain. At four o'clock P. M., Sunday, the twenty-eighth, we commenced the ascent of the Cumberland, and at half-past 10 P. M. we crossed the State line, and the Old Dominion was, from this side, for the first time polluted by “Lincoln hirelings.” We crossed the east corner of Lee County during the night, and halted for one hour for feeding. At ten o'clock Monday, twenty-ninth, we crossed Powell's Creek, and ascended Powell's Mountain, where we entered the State of Tennessee. Here we took eight bushwhackers and four horses. At five o'clock P. M. crossed Clinch River and fed our horses. Here our rations commenced to fail. We gave out only about half a cracker to a man. Rumors of plenty of bushwhackers ahead. The General here played a Yankee trick, by taking prisoners all the citizens and placing them at the head of the column. We then proceeded to cross the Clinch Mountain. We took some twenty prisoners during our trip across this mountain, one of them belonging to Floyd's body-guard, and one to the celebrated State Rights guards, the worst specimen of humanity I ever saw. We were again in the saddle all night, going at a brisk trot. On the top of the mountain the First Duty Sergeant of company D, Second Michigan, was killed by a bushwhacker, and the Orderly Sergeant of the same company taken prisoner.

At eleven o'clock on Tuesday morning, we entered Blountsville, the county-seat of Sullivan County. As we entered the town, a lady ran to the door, throwing up her hands, exclaiming; “The Yankees! The Yankees! Great God, we are lost!” After stopping here a few minutes to feed our horses, we proceeded toward Zollicoffer, formerly called Union Station, on the Virginia and East-Tennessee Railroad. At this station were encamped about one hundred and fifty of the Sixty-second North-Carolina regiment, confederate soldiers, under command of Major McDowell. Colonel Carter, being in advance, met three citizens, and, after passing the salutations of the morning, inquired the news of the day,

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