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[572] Arriving in front of the second position taken by the rebels, we were halted to rest.

During the afternoon, at the request of General McGinnis, I ordered the Eighth Indiana to the right of our new line to support the Twenty-ninth Wisconsin, which was being hotly pressed with great slaughter. Well did the old Eighth sustain its high reputation under the lead of the veteran Colonel Shunk. Forming under a heavy fire, within seventy-five yards of the enemy, they at once charged and drove the enemy from the brow of the hill, completely turning the tables on him, and punishing him severely. Indeed, just as the Eighth had exhausted their ammunition they drove the enemy from that part of the field. In the mean time the remainder were ordered forward in support of some batteries on the hill--Captain Klaus having had two pieces disabled and his ammunition exhausted, had been ordered to the rear. Thus we remained until late in the afternoon, when an order was received to go to the support of General Osterhaus, on the extreme left. While in the prompt execution of this order, I encountered one from General Grant to remain where I was for the present, General Osterhaus having driven the rebels. Accordingly the men had just lighted their camp-fires to prepare some supper, when still another order came, sending us back on the field of battle, where we slept on our arms during the night.

When the facts are stated that after two weeks dragging through the mud and crossing bayous in old scows and skiffs, on the morning of the thirtieth ult., at three o'clock, we arose from a sleep that had been disturbed by the bursting shells from Grand Gulf, which vainly endeavored to sink our transports as they defiantly ran the blockade; and in the afternoon, landing below on the Mississippi shore, the first brigade formed at once and pushed four miles back, to gain and hold the hills, while the rest of the troops stopped to draw and distribute their rations, it will be seen that we endured bravely as well as fought bravely. We had left a detail who carried ours upon their backs four miles to us. To see a stout-hearted fellow, trudging along under the broiling sun, with a box of crackers on his shoulders, weighing a hundred pounds, claimed at once your admiration and sympathy. Not waiting for all our rations to come up, we again took up our line of march till about midnight, when the enemy opened on us. We fought him till three o'clock A. M. At six o'clock we went at him again, and fought him all day long, and finally whipped him most handsomely.

During all this time no one faltered, nor did I hear one word of complaint. Under such circumstances, to obey the order literally, to mention all who distinguished themselves, I should be compelled to attach and make a part of this report, already too long, the muster-rolls of my entire brigade.

I have already made honorable mention of Colonel Shunk, Eighth Indiana; Colonel Washburne, Eighteenth Indiana; Colonel Bailey, Ninety-ninth Illinois; Colonel Lippincott, Thirty-third Illinois, and Major Brady, Eighth Indiana, (who commanded the skirmishers,) each and all of whom are brave and competent officers.

I am deeply indebted to my staff-officers for their intelligent bravery and promptness in bearing my orders to all parts of the field--Captain George S. Marshall, A. A. G.; Lieutenant Joe P. Wiggins, Adjutant Eighth Indiana, and acting A. D. C.; Lieutenant Jesse E. Scott, company C, Eighteenth Indiana, and acting A. Q. M; and Lieutenant William Irwin, company A, Eighth Indiana, A. A. C. S.--all of whom were under fire from the beginning to the end.

I am also indebted to the gallant Lieutenant William Hill, company B, Eighth Indiana, for acting as Aid temporarily.

Our list of killed and wounded is attached and made a part of this report.

I have the honor to be, Captain, with great respect, your obedient servant,

William P. Benton, Brigadier-General Commanding First Brigade, Fourteenth Division, Thirteenth Army Corps.


Official report of Colonel MacAULEYULEYuleyuley.

headquarters Eleventh Indiana Zouaves, near Willow Springs, Mississippi, May 5.
Captain Jos. H. Livesey, Assistant Adjutant-General, First Brigade, Twelfth Division, Thirteenth Army Corps:
sir: The following report of the part taken by the Eleventh Indiana, in the battle of May first, near Port Gibson, is respectfully submitted:

We arrived near the battle-field at six o'clock A. M., on that day, after marching all night, and, before having time to cook breakfast, were sent by General A. P. Hovey to the field to report to General G. F. McGinnis.

On an order from him we stacked arms in shelter of a hill, and awaited the “advance.” About eight o'clock A. M., I received General McGinnis's order to form line on the right of the Twenty-ninth Wisconsin infantry, and advance as support two hundred yards in the rear of the line formed by the Twenty-fourth, Forty-sixth, and Thirty-fourth Indiana regiments. A deep ravine, choked by an almost impassable canebrake and undergrowth, was before us, through which, with great exertion, we succeeded in forcing our way.

Two more of like character were passed, when, by marching by the left flank, an open space was reached, in which were formed the remaining regiments of the brigade.

In front of my position was a ravine running diagonally to the left and rear; on the far side of it, and a little to the right, was stationed a rebel battery, supported by a heavy force of infantry.

I was ordered to cross this ravine, making a right half-wheel and attack in company with the Forty-sixth Indiana on the other side. The ravine was immediately passed, but the Forty-sixth had been delayed a little in crossing. I halted and waited a moment for it.

We were formed in a road, in front of which


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