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[583] keeping, and was determined that it should not be tarnished by any act of his.

About ten o'clock, the gallant Col. Miles, commanding the pickets, was shot in the breast by one of the enemy's sharp-shooters, and was removed from the field. About this time, learning that the left of my line was being pressed, I sent one company of the One Hundred and Forty-fifth Pennsylvania (three companies of which regiment had been sent to reinforce my line) to that point, and subsequently sent another of these companies to the same point.

I was then informed that the Sixty-fourth, joining my left, had exhausted all their ammunition, and would be compelled to fall back unless immediately supported, whereupon I sent to their assistance the remaining company of the One Hundred and Forty-fifth Pennsylvania, and then communicated to General Hancock the state of affairs on the left, and requested that a regiment might be sent to relieve the Sixty-fourth New-York volunteers. Shortly afterward the Twenty-seventh Connecticut arrived on the ground, and I conducted them down to the left, and relieved the Sixty-fourth New-York volunteers, who withdrew from the line, and went to the rear. I now assumed command of the entire picket line; shortly after I was directed by Lieutenant Miller, aid to Gen. Hancock, to be in readiness to fall back from the picket-line upon receiving orders to do so. I then had an interview with Col. Bostwick, commanding Twenty-seventh Connecticut, whom I informed that I expected soon to receive orders to fall back, and instructed him as to the course he should pursue when the movement should commence. In a short time after this, Lieutenant Miller directed me to retire the moment the forces on my right were seen to fall back. The forces indicated soon after fell back, and I immediately took the necessary steps to bring off my line of pickets, which was accomplished under a most terrific artillery fire from the right, left and front. The regiment here suffered a heavy loss, Captains Strickland and Feder, Lieut. King, and thirty-seven enlisted men being found missing when the regiment rejoined the brigade within the breastworks on the left of the White House. Most of this number, I regret to say, must have been killed or wounded by the artillery fire while falling back through the woods, as they were known to have left the intrenchments with the regiment. The regiment having rejoined the brigade, took up position in line of battle on the left of the White House, where they remained Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday, subjected several times to the artillery fire of the enemy. Tuesday afternoon a detail of ninety-two enlisted men, under command of Capt. Munn, were sent on picket. The next morning, about half-past 2 o'clock, the regiment fell back with the brigade, and recrossed the river at United States Ford, and after a continued march of about twelve hours. returned to its old camp near Falmouth, Va.

A report of the loss of the regiment, from the time of leaving camp until its return, has been already forwarded, showing a total of seventy-one killed, wounded, and missing.

Of the conduct in action, of both officers and men, I cannot speak in terms of too high commendation. It was all that could be asked of the bravest. Cool, steady, and unflinching, even when knowing that fearful odds were against them, they showed a determination to hold their position to the last man. Where all did so well it would be unjust to select any for special encomium.

From Lieut.-Col. Hammell and Major Nelson I received valuable assistance on every occasion. Their courage and services deserve my special acknowledgments.

Very respectfully,

Orlando H. Morris, Colonel Commanding Sixty-sixth New-York State Volunteers.


Lieutenant-Colonel Broady's report.

headquarters Sixty-First regiment, N. Y. Vols., camp near Falmouth, Va., May 7, 1863.
To Captain G. H. Caldwell, Assistant Adjutant-General, Caldwell's Brigade:
Captain: I have the honor of transmitting to you the part this regiment took on the day of the first inst., until eleven o'clock P. M. the same day, when I was ordered to take command of the regiment, Col. N. A. Miles being detailed as general officer of the day, and in command of the line of pickets in front of the division. The regiment was then drawn up in line of battle in the woods, with the One Hundred and Forty-eighth Pennsylvania volunteers on its right, and the Twenty-second Massachusetts volunteers on its left. While here it had been exposed in the fore part of the evening to a short but sharp fire of the enemy. A little before daylight on the second I received orders of General Caldwell to march my regiment out by the left flank from the position it had occupied in the woods during the night. I was followed by the One Hundred and Forty-eighth regiment Pennsylvania volunteers. After leaving the woods we marched down the road and to the rear about two hundred yards, and a new position was given us by Lieut. D. K. Cross, aid-de-camp to General Caldwell, in the woods to the left and nearly parallel to the one we had previously occupied. Here we threw up breastworks all day along our front. In the afternoon the pickets in our front were suddenly and vigorously attacked by a heavy column of the enemy's infantry, but were soon repulsed by time skill and tact of our Colonel, N. A. Miles, who was in command of said pickets. In the afternoon, while an engagement was going on at our right, we were also exposed to a cross-fire from the enemy's artillery, but without any damage to our number. About six o'clock P. M., I was requested by Col. Miles to throw out a line of pickets from my regiment long enough to cover its entire front, and to have it connect right and left with the rest of the line. I sent two companies out, under the command of Capt. P. C. Bain. The whole detachment consisted of six commissioned officers and forty-three enlisted men. This force remained out until noon of the following


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