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[66] the field of Prairie Grove, as also upon other occasions, gives evidence of your invincibility, and assures me that whatever emergency may arise, you will be equal to the task.

James G. Blunt, Brigadier-General Commanding. T. Moonlight, Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief of Staff.


Congratulatory order of General Herron.

headquarters Second and Third divisions, army of the frontier, Prairie Grove, Ark., December 10, 1862.
fellow-soldiers: It is with pride and pleasure that I am enabled to congratulate you on the victory so recently achieved over the enemy. Meeting their combined forces, vastly your superiors in numbers, armed and equipped in the most efficient manner, contrary to what we have been led to believe, marshaled by their ablest generals, posted in a strong position of their own selection, prepared and ready to attack us, entertaining toward us feelings of hatred and fiendish passion, evoked by infamous lies which even rebel generals should have disdained to utter, you, fellow-soldiers, after a forced march of over one hundred miles in less than three days, weary, exhausted, and almost famishing, animated only by that feeling of patriotism that induced you to give up the pleasures and comforts of home to undergo the dangers and hardships of the field, did most gallantly meet, fight and repulse the enemy. Your fellow-soldiers elsewhere, your friends and relatives at home, your fellow-citizens and your country, as they learn of the splendid service of the artillerymen, of the determined, daring and brilliant charges of the infantry, will render you that praise and honor which is justly your due. Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, and Missouri, your native States, are proud of their noble sons. I, who witnessed your gallant daring in every encounter, in behalf of your country and myself, tender you grateful thanks for the services you have rendered. Whilst we drop a tear, therefore, for those who have fallen, and sympathize with those who are yet suffering, let us not forget to render thanks to the beneficent Giver of all blessings for the success that has thus far attested the truth and right of our glorious cause.

F. J. Herron, Brigadier-General Commanding Second and Third Divisions.


General Curtis's report.

St. Louis, Mo., Thursday, Dec. 11, 1862.
Majer-General H. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief of the U. S. Army, Washington, D. C.
Further details are received from Gens. Blunt and Herron, from the battle ground, Prairie-Grove, near Fayetteville, Arkansas:

Our loss in killed and wounded is now estimated at one thousand, and that of the enemy at over two thousand.

The rebels left many of their dead and most of their wounded for us to care for.

Extensive hospitals will be improvised in Fayetteville.

Persons returned from the battle-field represent that the enemy are twenty-eight thousand strong.

Their artillery was much crippled. We took four caissons filled with ammunition, and a large number of small arms.

General Blunt moves forward to-day on Cane Hill.

General Herron remains at Prairie Grove burying the dead and taking care of the wounded.

The enemy muffled their wheels and moved off in the night, continuing their retreat to Van Buren, and probably crossing the Arkansas River.

Col. McFarland, of the Nineteenth Iowa regiment, is killed.

Col. Black of the Thirty-seventh Illinois, and Major Thomas of the Twentieth Iowa regiment, and a large number of subalteran officers, are wounded.

It was a hard-fought battle, and a complete victory.

S. R. Curtis, Major-General Commanding.


Official report of Colonel Weer.

headquarters Second brigade, First division, army of frontier, camp at Cane Hill., Washington Co., Ark., Dec. 12, 1862.
Lieutenant-Colonel Moonlight, Chief of Staff:
Colonel: Having just received the reports of the subordinate commanders, I hasten to submit to the General Commanding an account of the part taken by this brigade in the battle of Prairie Grove, Washington County, Arkansas, on Sunday December seventh, 1862.

The Third Indian regiment (Cherokee) had previous to the action been ordered to protect the train some miles distant, so that we went into the engagement as follows:

Tenth Kansas regiment, Major H. H. Williams, commanding three hundred and eighty-seven men--company I being absent on detached service.

First Kansas battery, Lieut. Marcus D. Tenny, commanding, ninety-five men.

Third Indian Regiment, Adjutant Gallagher commanding, forty-four men.

Thirteenth Kansas regiment, Colonel Thomas M. Bowen, commanding, three hundred and seventy-five men.

Total number of men engaged, nine hundred and two.

We entered the field upon the enemy's left, General Herron being then engaged some distance in our front; and immediately received an order to hurry forward to his assistance. The battery was placed in advance, the infantry marching by the right flank in its rear. The hurrying forward had just commenced, the head of the battery having entered an orchard, when a shower of bullets was sent at it from an adjoining thicket on the right. Fearing for its safety, and surprised at this unexpected reception so far distant from where General Herron was engaged, the Tenth Kansas was hurried into the thicket to clear it. They had hardly entered before they were subjected to a terrific fire, but fortunately with little loss. The battery moved forward into a meadow out of reach of small arms, while the Tenth Kansas continued moving and driving the enemy, but


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