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[89] courage and bravery, and deserve the highest reward and esteem of their country.

I have the honor to be, etc.,

Franklin Sawyer, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Eighth Ohio Volunteers.


Official report of Colonel Andrews.

Wilmington, Delaware, December 27, 1862.
Captain Joseph W. Plume, A. A.A. G., French's Division.
Captain: I have the honor to report the following, as the part taken by the Third brigade, under my command, in the attack on the enemy's works near Fredericksburgh. On the morning of the twelfth of December at half-past 7, the command, following General Kimball's brigade, and advancing by the left flank, crossed the pontoon-bridge, and formed line of battle in the main street of Fredericksburgh, the men keeping near their arms, and the roll being called every hour. This evening, the Fourth New-York volunteers performed picket-duty. On the morning of the thirteenth, I received marching orders from division headquarters, and formed the brigade in the rear of Kimball in the following order, in a street running parallel with Main street: Tenth New-York volunteers, Colonel Bendix; One Hundred and thirty-second Pennsylvania volunteers, Lieut.Colonel Albright; Fourth New-York volunteers, Colonel McGregor. The First Delaware regiment being now detailed as skirmishers, in advance of Kimball's brigade, and the column formed right in front, I reported to Brigadier-General French, as ready to move, and received my final instructions. The men seemed full of enthusiasm, and eager to meet the enemy. At this time Colonel Bendix received a shell-wound and Capt. Salmon Winchester assumed command of the Tenth New-York volunteers.

At twelve M., the command “Forward!” was given. My instructions were to move by flank to a position indicated, face to the front, thus forming the brigade in line of battle, and keeping one hundred and fifty paces in the rear of Kimball to support him. We accordingly advanced briskly under a heavy artillery-fire, until we reached the position indicated, then facing to the front marched steadily up the slope, and took a position in Kimball's rear. We remained here a short time, until finding that his ranks had become reduced, and that although he held his ground nobly, he was unable to improve his position, I ordered my men forward to support him. The commanders of regiments led on their men in a manner worthy of all praise and remained engaged until relieved in turn by the next advancing brigade. They then retired and were re-formed in the second street from the river under their regimental commanders. Having myself become disabled during the action, I did not leave the field until after four o'clock; and finding myself on my return unable to perform duty, I turned over the command to Lieutenant-Colonel Marshall, Tenth New-York volunteers, who had been detailed on special duty on the other side of the river, with the pioneers, and was not present in the action.

In conclusion, I beg leave to state that the officers behaved with exemplary coolness, and the men with the steadiness and courage of veterans. I wish also particularly to mention the efficient services of Colonel John D. McGregor, Fourth New-York volunteers, wounded in the arm; Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Albright, One Hundred and Thirty-second Pennsylvania volunteers; Lieutenant-Colonel Wm. Jameson, Fourth New-York volunteers; Major Thomas A. Smyth, First Delaware volunteers; Major Charles Kruger, Fourth New-York volunteers, and Captain Salmon Winchester, an accomplished gentleman and a true soldier, who fell mortally wounded, while commanding and leading on his regiment, the Tenth New-York volunteers. Also, to the valuable aid afforded me by the gentlemen of my staff, Lieutenant W. P. Saville, A. A.G.; Lieutenant Theodore Rogers, A. D., severely wounded by my side, while the command was under a heavy fire of musketry, and Lieutenant W. C. Inhoff, Aid.

Having already testified to the good conduct of those under my immediate command, it becomes my duty also to state that the First Delaware volunteers, detached as skirmishers, were reported to me as having behaved with great courage and endurance. That after driving in the enemy's skirmishers, they sustained alone their fire for a considerable time, before the supporting column arrived, and that after expending all their ammunition, they retired in good order. Major T. A. Smyth in command, is represented as having displayed much coolness and ability. The list of casualties will be reported by Lieutenant-Colonel Marshall, now in command.

Very respectfully, your ob't servant,

John W. Andrews, Colonel Commanding Third Brigade.


Lieutenant-Colonel Birney's report.

Post of Thirty-Eighth N. Y. Volunteers, on the battle-field, December 15, 1862.
To Captain John. L Cooney, Assistant Adjutant-General:
sir: I respectfully submit the following report of the part taken by the Thirty-eighth New-York volunteers in the action of the thirteenth instant:

After crossing the Rappahannock in the forenoon with the brigade, I was ordered to support the batteries of the division, and was so employed until between two and three o'clock in the afternoon, when the Thirty-eighth and Fortieth New-York volunteers were ordered to advance in line of battle against the enemy. A body of the Pennsylvania reserves, part of General Reynolds's troops, had preceded us. We advanced over a meadow intersected by two parallel ditch-drains, from five to six feet deep, with steep sides, and at many points almost impassable. The line was thrown into partial disorder by these obstacles. We were now under a heavy fire from the field and woods on left and front. Some ten or fifteen men fell wounded near the second ditch. The


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