regiment continued to advance, the right wing entering the woods, the left on the open field. At this point large numbers of General Reynolds's troops burst through the right wing in a pell-mell retreat. The Thirty-eighth moved now right oblique into the woods and then forward upon the enemy posted in great strength in several lines on the slope beyond the railroad, and not ceasing to pour in upon us a deadly and unbroken fire. The regiment charged some distance beyond the railroad and did not march in retreat until nine of its officers and seventy-nine of its men were wounded, and fourteen killed. Within an hour after this heavy loss the regiment marched again in perfect order to the front line of battle, and remained on the battle-field until seven P. M. on the fourteenth. This morning we are again on the front line, officers and men in fine spirits and ready to meet the enemy. The number of enlisted men was three hundred and fifty-five. The officers present did their duty nobly, leading their companies bravely to the charge. Captain Dennett's services on the right wing were invaluable, and when the color-bearer fell wounded, Lieutenant Pendergrast seized the color and encouraged the men. Sergeants Dennis McCarty and Friend A. Smith, corporal Thomas Garrigan and private Philip Mahoney have been brought prominently to my notice for distinguished bravery. There are many others, however, who are equally deserving and whom I shall mention in my supplementary report. Respectfully submitted,
Wm. Birney, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Thirty-eighth N. Y. Vols.
Captain H. M. Hoyt's report.
headquarters Eighth Connecticut volunteers, Falmouth, Va., December 18, 1862.General: I have the honor to submit the following report of the movements of the Eighth regiment Connecticut volunteers during the recent operations against the enemy's position near Fredericksburgh. For a few days previous to the engagement the regiment had been stationed upon the bank of the river opposite the centre of the city, in support of Dickinson's battery. On the morning of December eleventh, when the contest commenced, we numbered two hundred and thirty-eight enlisted men and sixteen commissioned officers for duty, under command of Major J. E. Ward. At a point near our camp the work of laying a double pontoon-bridge was commenced before day-light on the eleventh, but when about half completed the engineers were driven away from their work by the fire of the enemy's sharp-shooters, who were concealed in cellars and rifle-pits on the opposite bank of the river. Our artillery now opened fire upon the enemy, and under cover of a hundred guns the engineers again returned to their work, and were again repulsed with terrible slaughter. At this point of affairs, Gen. Getty came to our camp and called for volunteers from the Eighth to join the engineers in one more effort to complete the bridge. About ninety of our men immediately offered their services, and under the command of Capt. Marsh and Lieuts. Ford and Morgan, proceeded to the bridge and commenced the work; but after laying one length of the bridge they were ordered to retire by Major Spalding of the engineers, after suffering a loss of two men wounded. On the morning of the twelfth we were ordered by Col. Harland to join our brigade, which was about crossing into the city by the middle bridge. We crossed about sunset and took our position in Caroline street, tacked arms, and remained until the morning of the thirteenth, when we were again moved down by the bank of tile river, near the middle bride, and remained there until late in the afternoon, exposed to a severe raking tire from our own artillery, which was posted on the opposite bank of the river. At sundown we were ordered forward and marched through the city, forming in line of battle on a street in rear of the city, facing the enemy's position, and then going forward to the support of our troops who were fighting fiercely in front. After advancing about five hundred yards under a sharp artillery-fire, we received the order to halt behind title crest of tile hill, and remained in this place lying on our arms until morning, when we were ordered to return to the city and resume our former position in Caroline street. On the morning of the fifteenth, Major Ward was compelled to retire from the field on account of illness, and the command of the regiment devolved upon Capt. H. M. Hoyt. About eleven A. M. on the fifteenth, the regiment was ordered to the front of our lines to strengthen and extend the advanced line of videttes under Capt. Charles L. Upham, of the Sixteenth Connecticut volunteers. We remained here, exchanging occasional shots with the enemy's sharp-shooters, until evening, when we were relieved by the Thirteenth New-Hampshire regiment, and rejoined the brigade in the rear of the city, and then re-crossed the bridge and returned to our former camp near the Lacey House. There is no necessity of saying any thing in regard to the conduct of the men, as Connecticut soldiers always do credit to their native State. The following is the list of casualties: wounded, December eleventh, private Robert Rice, Co. C, mortally in abdomen; private Sylvester Godfrey, Co. H, shoulder, slightly ; December thirteenth, private George Root, Co. A, shoulder, slightly. Total wounded, three.
Adjutant-General J D. Williams:
Adjutant-General J D. Williams:
Operations of the sanitary commission: report of Dr. Douglas.
F. L. Olmsted, Esq.:sir: The report of the “Battle of Fredericksburgh,” December thirteenth, was brought to us