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[127] Kentucky, volunteer aid-de-camp, for similar services; to Lieut. F. D. Cobb, Forty-first Ohio volunteers, Acting Commissary of Subsistence, for intelligently keeping me informed of what was transpiring beyond my immediate vision — and all for unqualified bravery — are deserving, as they have, my warmest thanks and the considertion of Government.

Dr. M. G. Sherman, Ninth Indiana, surgeon of the brigade, was Acting Medical Director of the division, and removed from my immediate notice; yet I have reason to call favorable notice to this officer.

Lieut. J. L. Chilton, Sixth Kentucky, Acting Brigade Quartermaster in the absence of Captain Johnson, exercised great capacity in caring for and keeping from the enemy the trains of the brigade.

I am under many obligations to the General commanding the division for the confidence reposed in me in vesting with me the management of so important a portion of the field.

By seizing the little crest occupied by my troops early in the morning, not exceeding two feet in height, and later the railroad embankment, hundreds of lives were saved, the strength of my brigade doubled, and the position successfully held. This will account for the smaller list of casualties than that of some brigades that did less fighting.

I am happy to report, with some twenty miserable exceptions, no straggling in this brigade.

The casualties of my personnel were as follows: The Colonel commanding the brigade was bruised by a ball upon the shoulder, and his horse was killed ; Captain McCleery, Forty-first Ohio volunteers, Acting Inspector-General, shot through the leg; First Lieutenant Wm. M. Beebe, Forty-first Ohio volunteers, Aid-de-Camp, wounded in the head and horse shot; Captain L. A. Cole Ninth Indiana, topographical officer, wounded slightly in the foot; Orderly Deaderick, Sergeant Fourth Kentucky cavalry, mortally wounded and horse shot, and Bugler Leaman, Sixth Kentucky, horse shot.

Close observation on the conduct and character of our army for the past few days has confirmed me in a long-settled belief that our army is borne down by a lamentable weight of official incapacity in regimental organizations. The reasonable expectations of the country can, in my opinion, never be realized till this incubus is summarily yielded, and young men of known military ability and faculty to command men, without regard to previous seniority, are put in their places. I saw upon the field company officers of over a year's standing who had neither the power nor knowledge how to form their men in two ranks.

On the second instant my brigade was ordered across the river to support Col. Grose, commanding the Tenth brigade, then in reserve to General Van Cleve, whose division (the only one on that side the river) had been vigorously attacked by the enemy. I reached the field about four P M., finding his entire division put to rout. The enemy had been checked by Col. Grose and a portion of Negley's division and the several batteries from the point occupied by Gen. Cruft's brigade. I. t was difficult to say which was running away the most rapidly — the division of Van Cleve to the rear or the enemy in the opposite direction.

I found myself in command of all the troops on that side of the river. Leaving three of my regiments in position as a reserve, I pushed forward with the portion of Col. Grose's brigade already moving, and the Forty-first Ohio volunteers, pursuing the enemy beyond all the ground occupied by our forces before the fight. I here formed the best line circumstances would admit of, the Forty-first Ohio volunteers being the only regiment wholly in hand. The others were badly broken, the only idea of their officers seeming to be to push on pell-mell, which, if carried beyond the point then occupied, might have resulted disastrously. I succeeded in checking this straggling to the front, with the aid of Col. Grider, of the Ninth Kentucky, who came forward and performed this valuable service after his regiment had gone to the rear.

I was relieved by the first division of Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, who arrived just at dark.

When far advanced in pursuit, a portion of General Negley's batteries, far in the rear, was firing on my line, and continued to do so (without damage) until an aid-de-camp was sent to ask that it be discontinued. After forming my advance-line a battery of the enemy, about four hundred yards in front, continued to fire upon us with great rapidity. I ordered the Forty-first Ohio volunteers to fire one volley upon it. No more firing took place on either side, and the weakness of my line prevented my going farther. The next day three caissons and several dead men and horses were found at this point.

It was in this fight that the famous rebel Gen. Roger B. Hanson was killed and General Adams wounded, but whether in their advance or retreat I never knew.

First Lieut. F. D. Cobb, Forty-first Ohio volunteers, acting aid-de-camp, comported himself with great gallantry on the field. Seizing the colors of the Thirty-sixth Indiana that had been shot down, he galloped forward, rallying many stragglers, who, though going in the right direction, were doing so ineffectively and on their own account.

My casualties in this action were slight, and in all, since leaving Nashville, are:

Commissioned officers killed,5
Commissioned officers wounded,20
Total commissioned,25
Enlisted men killed,41
Enlisted men wounded,318
Total enlisted,359

I would respectfully call the attention of the general commanding the division to accompanying reports of regimental commanders, and of Lieut.

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