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[140] to the right of the First Ohio in full retreat, and in a few moments I saw the First Ohio moving to the rear. I could see no enemy on account of the intervening ridge, and supposing that the First Ohio had exhausted its ammunition, I instantly prepared to take its place, but just before it reached my lines, to my utter amazement, a mass of the enemy appeared moving obliquely upon my right; a change of front was imperative. Whilst executing this movement, refusing my right to the enemy, the First Ohio passed through the right of my regiment and threw into great confusion my four right companies. Their officers promptly arrested this, and I here take occasion to thank Capt. John Lucas, commanding company F, First Lieut. Thomas Forman, commanding company A, First Lieutenant Joseph E. Miller, commanding company D, and Second Lieut. A. Sidney Smith, commanding company I, for their steadiness at this trying moment. In the mean time my left, getting into position, poured its fire into the steadily advancing columns of the enemy, but the troops to my left were giving way and the enemy, getting a battery into position, almost enfiladed me. The right of the division was completely crushed in, and I had no connection, consequently no protection here. It was soon manifest I must either fall back or be isolated. A new position was taken, some two hundred paces in rear of our first, and here I believe we could have successfully resisted the enemy ; but some general, I don't know who, ordered the entire line to fall back still further, and those who like rapid movements would have been more than satisfied with the celerity with which some of the floating fragments of regiments obeyed him. Pending this movement, my attention was called by Col. Baldwin to a portion of a battery abandoned by those whose business it was to look after it. A full battery of the enemy was playing upon it at the time. I immediately yoked the Legion to it, and with Huston and Thomasson as the wheel-horses, it was dragged to the railroad, where the new line was forming. I was shortly ordered to move by the flank further up the railroad, where a position was taken that was not assailed on this day. I had gone into the fight with three hundred and twenty muskets, a portion of my command being on detached service. Nineteen men were killed, including Capt. Ferguson, of company I. He was one of our best officers. Eighty were wounded, among whom were seven commissioned officers, namely, Lieut.-Col. Wm. W. Berry, shot through the wrist; Major John L. Treanor, wounded by a shell in the thigh; Capt. A. H. Speed, in the abdomen; Capt. L. P. Lovett, slightly in the thigh; First Lieutenant Frank Dissell, mortally; First Lieutenant John D. Sheppard, seriously through the left lung; and First Lieut. Wm. H. Powell, slightly in the shoulder. Twenty-six are missing; some of these, I am mortified to say, ran away at the first fire. Their names shall be duly reported.

During the engagement my color-bearer was shot, and down went the flag; but like lightning it gleamed aloft again, in the hands of three men, struggling who should have it; their names are John B. Schuble of company E, Charles Flick-hammer of company H, and Sergeant John Baker of company D; the latter bore it throughout the remainder of the day. Private Wm. Shumaker of company G was badly shot through the thigh, but persisted in lighting with the regiment till he was forced to the rear by order of his captain; I commend him for his devotion. Sergeant-Major Willett deported himself most bravely, and deserves promotion. Adjutant Johnston rendered me every assistance in his power, and I especially thank him.

On the morning of the first of January, I received orders to move further to the front. There was no general advance of our lines, though constant skirmishing throughout the day. Captain Thomasson had command of the skirmish line, and by his adroitness was mainly instrumental in the capture of ninety-seven prisoners. The enemy held a dense wood about three hundred yards in front of us, on the edge of which were some cabins, occupied by sharp-shooters. I proposed to push forward my skirmishers and dislodge them, provided those on my right and left were simultaneously advanced. This, though ordered, was not done, and I did not deem it safe to expose my flanks. But toward evening the fire of the riflemen became so annoying that it was determined to stop it at any cost. I ordered Captains Hurley and Lindenfelser to move with their companies directly upon the houses and burn them. Across the open fields they dashed, the enemy having every advantage in point of shelter. Capt. Huston was then ordered to their support, and the place was literally carried by assault, the houses burned, and five of the enemy left dead upon the spot. This was the last we heard of the sharp-shooters. The daring displayed by both officers and men deserves especial consideration. But one of my men was hurt, Corporal Moneypenny, shot through the leg. The skirmishing in which my command took part on the days succeeding this was of an uneventful character, and I forego the details.

Wm. W. Berry, Lieut.-Col. Commanding L. L., Fifth Kentucky Vol. Infantry.


Report of Colonel Enyart.

headquarters First Kentucky volunteers, camp near Murfreesboro, Tenn., January 8.
General: I have the honor to make the following report of the operations of the first regiment Kentucky volunteer infantry, during the late engagement:

Pursuant to orders we left our camp near Nashville on the morning of the twenty-sixth ultimo, and proceeded toward Murfreesboro on the direct route. Arriving within one mile of La Vergne about four o'clock that evening, a considerable force of the enemy were discovered on the left of the road, and the First brigade, Second division, left wing, was ordered to operate against them. General Cruft ordered the First Kentucky to the front; and, after considerable skirmishing with the enemy, we charged and drove him across the


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