labors and exposures without murmuring, and evincing, under all circumstances, a spirit of subordination and discipline worthy of the highest commendation. I have also the pleasure to say that, during all these trying hardships, the general health of the men has been better than at any time since we left Louisville. While I have such occasion to commend the fidelity, bravery, and good conduct of all the officers of my command, (save one,) I should fail to do justice were I to omit to make special note of the cool, persistent courage of Captain J. H. Douglass, in remaining at his post under the fire of the enemy, and of his promptness and efficiency in forming and maintaining the lines during the day. It is men not to be presumed that all the meritorious acts of privates will come within the personal observation of the commander of a regiment; but having been an eye-witness of the fearless bravery and enthusiastic zeal of private Charles A. Allen, of company E, during the operations of Wednesday, as well as at other times, I commend him as worthy of promotion. I desire, also, to acknowledge my obligations to Major Dutcher and Capt. Nieman, for their constant and able assistance during this awful period. The casualties in my command are: killed, eight; wounded, thirty-five; missing, forty-two--making a total of eighty-five. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Major Kirby's report.
headquarters one hundred and First regiment O. V. I., near Murfreesboro, January 5, 1863.On the morning of December twenty-sixth, 1862, in our proper position in the brigade, the regiment (Col. Stem commanding) marched from out camp near Nashville, out on the Edmonsonton pike. Commissioned officers reported for duty: Colonel Leander Stem; Lieut.-Col. M. T. Wooster; Major J. M. Kirby; Adjt. Leonard P. Smith ; First Surgeon T. M. Cook; Assistant Surgeon Caswell; Second Lieut. Fox, company A; First Lieutenant Beckwith, company B; Captain B. B. McDonald, and Second Lieut. Biddle, company C ; Second Lieut. Latimer, company D ; First Lieut. Parcher and Second Lieut. Lord, company E; First Lieut. Asa B. Hillyer, company F; Capt. John Messer, and First Lieut. Flemming, company G ; Second Lieut. J. J. Neff, company H; Capt. N. M. Barnes, and Second Lieut. Faggett, company I; Second Lieut. Cline, company K, and four hundred and forty-one enlisted men. Early in the afternoon of the same day, the regiment formed line of battle to attack the enemy near Nolinsville. Deploying and a line of skirmishers, we moved to the front about a half-mile, with some little firing on the part of our skirmishers, who succeeded in capturing two prisoners. While halting at this point, the enemy was discovered attempting to plant a battery on a hill one half or three quarters of a mile distant. By order of Col. Carlin, the regiment was wheeled into line, bayonets fixed, and moved forward to “take that battery at all hazards.” The enemy retired on our approach. We were again moved forward “by the right of companies to the front,” on the enemy in their new position, a mile distant from this point. Forward we marched, under a heavy fire of shell. Arriving within a quarter of a mile of the energy's battery, we formed into line, and led by Col. Stern, charged at double-quick, succeeding, together with the rest of the brigade, in taking one gun and four prisoners. We were again ordered forward a short distance, but soon called off to rest for the night. Our loss was three wounded. Second Lieut. Cline fell from the ranks on the last charge — afterwards reported himself stunned by concussion of shell. The next day, December twenty-seventh, we were marched out near Knob Gap, where we rested till Monday morning, December twenty-ninth, when we again took up our line of march on the Murfreesboro road, going into camp near this place, soon after dark. At or near ten o'clock, Tuesday morning, December thirtieth, the regiment was moved forward in “double column at half-distance,” supporting the Twenty-first regiment Illinois volunteers. About three o'clock in the afternoon, the Twenty-first became engaged with the enemy, the One Hundred and First lying a short distance to the rear, supporting the Second Minnesota battery, which was engaging a battery of the enemy. Just at dark the Twenty-first fell back through our lines, leaving us in front. This day our loss was two men wounded. Before moving forward, Second Lieut. Cline reported himself unfit for duty, and permission was granted him to go to the rear. immediately upon taking the front for the night, we advanced a picket-line. The regiment was ordered to sleep on their arms. Ten men were kept on guard immediately in front of the regimental lines, and one field-officer constantly on the watch during the night. At early daylight Wednesday morning, December thirty-first the enemy was discovered moving in heavy force to our right. Soon after, their skirmishers opened fire on us from the front. By order of Col. Carlin, Col. Stem moved his line forward about a hundred yards, when the firing became quite brisk. Soon after, Colonel Stem was ordered to fall back to his former position, sling knapsacks, and form a new line a short distance to the rear, which he performed in good order. Here the firing was very severe. Our forces falling back on our right, without our knowledge, the enemy turned our right flank and poured a terrific cross-fire upon our lines, which we were unable to stand ; consequently, the regiment fell back in some disorder. It was at this time Colonel Stem Lieut.-Col. Moses T. Wooster fell, mortally wounded, while gallantly and nobly attempting to hold the regiment in line. Col. Stem fell just as he had called out: “Stand by your colors, boys, for the honor of the good old State of Ohio.” We again succeeded in rallying the regiment at the fence just at the edge of the woods, where we
Captain Samuel Voris, A. A.G.:
Captain Samuel Voris, A. A.G.: