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[10] marched toward Ship's Gap, the Fifteenth corps, Major-General Osterhaus, leading.

His first division, Brigadier-General Wood commanding, encountered the enemy's skirmishers not far from the summit of Taylor's Ridge. What is called Ship's Gap is a slight depression in the ridge, over which the road winds in a circuitous manner, seeking a gradual ascent along the spurs.

General Wood confronted the rebels with considerable force, and then threw a regiment around their flank, capturing between thirty and forty of them. The rest gave way and fled, whereupon the advance was pushed about a mile beyond the ridge, and, with the rest of the army, went into camp for the night.

In accordance with Special Field Orders, No. 94, from Headquarters Military Division Mississippi, the command moved forward on the following day, and encamped at La Fayette.

On the eighteenth, the army of the Tennessee continued its march along the La Fayette and Summerville road to the vicinity of Summerville, crossing the Chattooga River near Tryon's Factory. The bridge across the stream had been partially destroyed, but was quickly repaired by the pioneer corps.

On the following day, the command moved to Alpine, and on the twentieth pushed on by two routes to Galesville, the Fifteenth corps moving to the right on the Shinbone Valley road, via Davis's Cross-Roads, and the Seventeenth corps on the direct road passing through Ringgold.

Pursuant to Special Field Orders, No. 99, Headquarters Military Division Mississippi, the army moved on the old Alabama road, and took up a position on Little River, throwing a strong advance-guard across the river, toward Blue Pond. This position was maintained until the twenty-eighth. In the mean time, however, a bridge was thrown across Little River, and Woods's and Hazen's divisions of the Fifteenth corps, with two batteries of artillery, Major-General Osterhaus commanding, made a reconnoissance in the direction of Tarkeytown, and developed the enemy in some force, occupying hastily-constructed works, extending across the valley from the mountain to the river. After a slight skirmish the enemy retired, and our forces fell back, having accomplished the object of the movement.

Bridges having been built across the Chattooga, and a pontoon having been laid over the Coosa, the trains moved in advance on the afternoon of the twenty-eighth, and were all across these rivers at daylight on the twenty-ninth.

The army followed across these rivers, the rearguard completely destroying the bridges, and encamped on Cowan's Creek, and on the following day pushed on to Cave Spring.

On the first of November, the command moved on parallel roads from Cave Spring to Cedar Town, and on the following day pushed forward in the same order, the Seventeenth corps reaching Van Wert, and the Fifteenth encamping a few mile south of Van Wert. The army continued its march, and on the night of the third, both corps encamped in the vicinity of Dallas. On the following day, the Seventeenth corps moved to Lost Mountain, while the Fifteenth proceeded in the direction of Powder Springs.

The movement continued, and the whole command reached Smyrna camp-ground on the afternoon of the fifth, and went into position, facing westward, Seventeenth corps on the right, and Fifteenth corps on the left.

I have omitted to mention the death of Brigadier-General T. E. G. Ransom, and will here introduce an order published to the troops, whilst the impression of his character was vivid and his loss peculiarly felt:

headquarters Department and army of the Tennessee, Cedar town, Georgia, November 1, 1864.
General field orders No. 21: The officers and soldiers of the army of the Tennessee will hear with deep sorrow and regret the news of the death of Brigadier-General T. E. G. Ransom, lately commanding Seventeenth army corps.

General Ransom was ill at the very beginning of this campaign, but was unwilling to leave the field, and hoping the attack of the fell disease which caused his death was but temporary, he did not cease day or night, as was ever his wont, to exert himself to the utmost in his country's service.

When the army reached Galesville, Alabama, he was compelled, by aggravated symptoms, to relinquish his command, and now we learn that on the twenty-eighth ultimo, while being carried on a stretcher to Rome, he died.1 General Ransom was much beloved by all who knew him, and this army has lost one of its most useful officers and brightest ornaments. His noble record is too familiar to need recounting here.

While with me, in command of his division of the Sixteenth corps, after the wound of Major-General Dodge, in command of that corps at Atlanta and Jonesboro, and then in command of the Seventeenth corps during the present vigorous operations, he showed himself an officer of the highest order of merit, as also a man of a pure and elevated character. It is with a feeling of deep sorrow at our loss that I refer to this young man, so full of promise, so enthusiastic in his country's cause, so untiring in his exertions to thwart the wicked men who have raised their hands against us; but he has done well his part, and, like so many other of our comrades who have worked with us, he has gone peacefully to the haven of rest. We will cherish his bright memory, and strive to attain his irreproachable character.

O. O. Howard, Major-General.

I have said very little in my brief sketch of this remarkable campaign of nearly three hundred miles marching, of the methods of procuring supplies.

We were directed by the General-in-Chief to

1 I subsequently learned that the General was taken from the litter, and was resting at a comfortable house when he died.

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