Engineer for the corps, showing the positions of the several divisions at each camp during the march from Atlanta to Savannah. These positions were laid down and the notes accompanying the maps kept by Lieutenant-Colonel Asmussen, Inspector-General of the corps. The faithful and skilful manner in which this work is done, presents a complete and accurate view of the daily marches of the corps. Tabular statement marked A, shows the casualties of the corps by divisions during the campaign — an aggregate of twelve killed, eighty-eight wounded, one hundred and sixty-five missiles. Of the missing, the greater part were from stragglers and small parties of foragers captured. Some few were deserting “bounty-jumpers,” who had reached us just before marching from Atlanta. In the case of Captain Reid, One Hundred and Seventh New-York volunteers, missing with a detail of forty-three men, foraging, I have ordered a special report of the statements made by a rebel cavalry officer who was of the capturing party. If these statements are true, Captain Reid behaved in a most shameful and cowardly manner, and should be dismissed in disgrace. As both officer and men are still prisoners of war, no proper investigation can now be made. We captured on the march and before Savannah, thirty officers, (thirteen of whom were naval,) one hundred and thirty-five privates, and fourteen seamen. One hundred and twenty-two deserters came into our ranks. A tabular statement and list of officers captured, prepared by Major Parks, Provost-Marshal, is attached hereto, marked B. A very considerable number of prisoners were taken on entering the city; all of whom are in the hands of the post commandant, and will be the subject of report by him. I make the following estimates of public property destroyed and supplies taken from the country, upon information from commanders and staff-officers, approved by my own observation and judgment:
Beside railroad destroyed, more than a million feet of timber for the largest sized bridges, and thousands of cords of wood were burned.
number of animals taken from country.
There was with the corps an average of over seven thousand (7000) animals.
At the regulation allowance, these animals would have consumed in twenty-five days, 2,100,000 pounds of corn, and 2,450,000 pounds of hay or fodder.
I estimate that at least this quantity was taken from the country on the march, and exclusive of that taken before marching from Atlanta.
Upon this basis, estimates made on actual returns to Captain Whittelsey and Major Reynolds, will be increased over seven hundred thousand (700,000) pounds of corn and eight hundred thousand pounds of fodder.
The waste of this, as other articles, was enormous.
Subsistence taken from country, as per report of Lieutenant-Colonel Ballock, Chief Commissary of Subsistence:
Of the quantities of turkeys, geese, ducks, and poultry of all kinds taken, no approximate estimate can be made.
For at least two hundred miles of our route, these articles were in great abundance, and were used lavishly and wastefully.
So of the other articles above mentioned, it would be safe to say that the amount might be doubled for waste and for the subsistence of the thousands of refugee slaves who followed our march.
I estimate the quantity of cotton burned by the corps at five thousand (5000) bales, or two and a half million pounds. The estimate is probably low, as our line of march was through some of the best cotton-growing portions of Georgia, and we swept, with our foragers and flankers, a belt of six to eight miles in width of all the cotton and most of the gins and presses.
No large accumulations were found except at Milledgeville, reported one thousand eight hundred bales bonded by order of General Sherman; near Sandersville,
|Miles marched by the troops,||305|
|Miles trains moved, as per odometer,||28135/100|
|Miles of railroad destroyed,||71|
|Horses reported by Captain Whittelsey, Chief Quartermaster,||410|
|Horses reported by Major Reynolds, Chief of Artillery,||40|
|Horses put into teams and not reported, estimated,||150|
|Mules reported by Captain Whittelsey,||1,020|
|Mules reported by Major Reynolds,||100|
|Mules put into trains in exchange for poor animals and never reported, estimated,||600|
|By Captain Whittelsey's Report:|
|Corn taken en route,||lbs.||1,227,984|
|Corn taken east of Atlanta,||lbs.||1,932,468|
|By Major Reynolds's Report,||lbs.||130,000|
|By Captain Whittelsey's Report:|
|Fodder taken en route,||lbs.||1,091,619|
|Fodder taken near Atlanta,||lbs.||138,200|
|By Captain Whittelsey's Report,||lbs.||550,694|
|By Major Reynolds's Report,||lbs.||20,000|
|Pounds rice fodder,||570,694|
|Fresh Beef and Mutton,||lbs.||150,000|