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[8] enemy which would, in ordinary times, rank as respectable battles.

The behavior of our troops in Savannah has been so manly, so quiet, so perfect, that I take it as the best evidence of discipline and true courage. Never was a hostile city filled with women and children, occupied by a large army with less disorder, or more system, order, and good government. The same general and generous spirit of confidence and good feeling pervades the army which it has ever afforded me especial pleasure to report on former occasions.

I avail myself of this occasion to express my heartfelt thanks to Admiral Dahlgren and the officers and men of his fleet, as also to General Foster and his command for the hearty welcome given us on our arrival at the coast, and for their ready and prompt cooperation in all measures tending to the result accomplished.

I send, herewith, a map of the country through which we have passed; reports from General Howard, General Slocum, and General Kilpatrick, and their subordinates respectively, with the usual lists of captured property, killed, wounded, and missing, prisoners of war taken and rescued, as also copies of all papers illustrating the campaign, all of which are respectfully submitted by

Your obedient servant,

W. T. Sherman, Major-General.

Major-General Howard's reports.

headquarters Department and army of the Tennessee, Savannah, Georgia, December 28, 1864.
Captain L. M. Dayton, Aid-de-Camp:
Captain: I have the honor to submit the following report of operations of the army of the Tennessee from the taking of Atlanta to the commencement of the Savannah campaign.

In accordance with Special Field Orders No. 64, dated September fourth, 1864, from Military Division of Mississippi, headquarters the army of the Tennessee, consisting of parts of three corps, Fifteenth, Sixteenth, and Seventeenth, were placed in position in the vicinity of East-Point. Arrangements were made and the troops quite well supplied with clothing, provisions, and whatever else was needed. Notwithstanding we had but one line of railroad over which to draw our supplies, we were able to obtain every thing in sufficient quantity except forage, which was never abundant, and, therefore, as soon as the supply from the country was exhausted, the artillery horses and other animals began to deteriorate.

Occasionally guerrillas and raiding parties of the enemy's cavalry broke our road, which rendered the prospect of continuous supplies precarious at best.

During the month of September, I effected a consolidation of the army of the field into two corps, the Fifteenth and Seventeenth. The portion on the Mississippi constituted the Sixteenth corps. This subserved the double purpose of strengthening the two corps in the field and facilitating the transaction of business.

It having been ascertained, beyond a doubt, that Hood was crossing the Chattahoochee, Brigadier-General Corse moved his two brigades at East-Point to form a junction with the one already at Rome, leaving Atlanta on the twenty-sixth of September, in pursuance of General Sherman's order.

I had had intimation from the Commander-in-Chief, that, in case Hood attempted to strike his communications south of the Etowah, he would turn on him.

When General Corse moved, it was yet uncertain as to Hood's intention. He was, therefore, directed, with the force at Rome, to act against any attempt of the enemy to move on Bridgeport from the direction of Gadsden. General Sherman further directed, by verbal instructions, that this force act as an observing one ready to strike in any direction the enemy might be discovered moving.

As soon as Hood's intentions were fully developed, the general movement northward commenced.

Pursuant to Special Field Orders No. 83, from General Sherman, the army of the Tennessee moved, October fourth, from East-Point to Smyrna camp-ground, making a toilsome march of twenty-one miles over a bad road.

The Fifteenth corps was commanded by Major-General P. Joseph Osterhaus, and the Seventeenth by Brigadier-General T. E. G. Ransom.

The fifth of October, the army moved to Culp's farm, which was the prolongation of the works of Kenesaw Mountain. On the fourth, it was well ascertained that Hood's entire army, excepting Wheeler's cavalry, had moved up abreast of Marietta, struck the railroad between that place and Allatoona, and, with a part of his force at least, was moving on Allatoona.

General Sherman signalled from Kenesaw, the telegraph wires having been cut by the enemy, for General Corse to move to Allatoona at once with his whole command. General Corse reports, that he started at once with three regiments on the cars and arrived at one A. M. on the morning of the fifth instant. He sent his train back for more troops, but, owing to an accident, the train was considerably delayed in returning. After General Corse's arrival, his reinforcements and the garrison made up an aggregate of one thousand nine hundred and forty-four. The General reports that as early as two A. M. a brisk fire had opened on the skirmish line, and before dawn the enemy was pressing on all sides so as to necessitate reinforcing the outer posts.

General Corse, assisted by Lieutenant-Colonel Tourtellotte, Fourth Minnesota regiment, had made every disposition possible for the defence of Allatoona Pass; though the place was naturally a strong one, yet it could hardly be expected that a garrison of less than two thousand men could hold out against an enemy so numerous as to be able to completely surround the place.

After a brisk cannonade from the south and west, kept up for some two hours, at half-past 8 A. M. the rebel General, S. D. French, peremptorily

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