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[9] demanded the surrender of Allatoona, β€œto avoid a needless effusion of blood.” General Corse instantly replied: β€œWe are prepared for the needless effusion of blood whenever it is agreeable to you.”

The storm then broke upon the little garrison, and raged with great fury for nearly the whole day, but finally the enemy was driven from every position, and the garrison left in possession of the field.

I call special attention to the accompanying report of Brigadier-General Corse, which affords a full and graphic account of this remarkable battle. Our losses were quite heavy. The aggregate killed and wounded being seven hundred and seven; among tile wounded, Colonel Richard Rowell, Seventh Illinois veteran infantry, and Lieutenant-Colonel Tourtellotte, Fourth Minnesota infantry, both of whom were complimented for remarkable gallantry. Also Brigadier-General Corse, quite severely wounded about midday. He never left the field, and imbued every body with his own energy and spirit. The garrison buried two hundred and thirty-one rebel dead; captured four hundred and eleven prisoners. Among the prisoners, Brigadier-General Young. We captured three stand of colors and eight hundred stand of arms.

While this battle was transpiring, a portion of the army of the Cumberland had reached Pine Hill, and the army of the Ohio was moving out on the Burnt Hickory Road, threatening the enemy's flank and rear. Doubtless these operations, together with the success of the garrison at Allatoona, determined Hood to withdraw and try another experiment.

Pursuant to Special Field Orders No. 87, from your headquarters, the army of the Tennessee took up a position between Big Shanty and Kenesaw Mountain, on the evening of the eighth.

In accordance with special direction from General Sherman, this army moved from its camp on the evening of the tenth, and made a forced march to Kingston, making a distance of thirty-eight miles with scarcely a halt.

During the twelfth, the march was continued to the vicinity of Rome. A brigade of General Hazen's division was taken by cars directly to Rome from Allatoona, as soon as my head of column had arrived at that place. This was in anticipation that Hood might make an attempt on Rome.

General Corse with his division and that brigade and a battery of artillery, crossed the Etowah on the thirteenth, and made a reconnoissance with a view to develop the force guarding the bridge, by which the enemy crossed the Coosa some sixteen miles below. This move was simultaneous with that of the army of the Ohio, and the cavalry on the other bank.

The fact that Hood had completely crossed the Coosa and moved northward toward Resaca and Dalton with his entire army was ascertained, whereupon I was ordered by General Sherman to move at once to Resaca, sending on one division by cars from Adairsville.

General Ransom, with the Seventeenth corps, took a cross-road which was muddy, rough, and extremely difficult for wagons. He arrived at Adairsville about twelve midnight; finding cars there, he sent Belknap's division straight on to Resaca.

General Raum, of General John E. Smith's division, was garrisoning that place. He had been able to show so bold a front that the enemy, probably still having Allatoona in mind, did not attack him except with a skirmish line. Hood, however, demanded the surrender of Resaca with a threat to take no prisoners in case of being obliged to carry it by assault. But while he was parleying with the garrison at Resaca, large bodies of his army were on the railroad northward, where he captured the garrisons at Tilton and Dalton; the latter, under command of Colonel Johnson, of the Forty-fourth colored regiment, was surrendered by him without a blow.

The railroad track was pretty effectually destroyed for upward of twenty miles in this vicinity. The army, except Corse's division left at Rome, continued its march and arrived in Resaca on the fourteenth. Immediately the wagon-bridge, which had been destroyed by a freshet, was reconstructed and a reconnoissance made to-ward Snake Creek Gap by a regiment of General Ransom's command, which came upon the enemy about six miles from Resaca, developing what appeared to be quite a strong force, probably the enemy's rearguard.

General Sherman arrived at Resaca on the evening of the fourteenth, where he issued Special Field Orders No. 91. Pursuant to this, the army of Tennessee marched on the morning of the fifteenth, and came upon the enemy's rearguard, probably a small brigade in intrenchments, covering the mouth of Snake Creek Gap.

General Stanley was moving to the right to pass over the ridge north of the Gap, so that the army of the Tennessee simply pressed the enemy's front with a skirmish line, waiting for his position to be turned by Stanley. The enemy's force, however, was so small that a simple threat upon his right flank, as if to turn it, caused him to abandon the position and run over the ridge and through the gap. On reaching its mouth we found the pass badly obstructed by felled trees; these obstructions continued for upward of five miles. The infantry did not cease its march a moment, going over the trunks of trees and through the bushes, pushing forward as rapidly as possible, while general and staff-officers, with dismounted orderlies and detachments of pioneers, as fast as they came up, went to work vigorously to clear away the obstructions for the artillery and wagons. Smaller trees were thrown out bodily, the larger ones cut and cleared away with great rapidity, so that the pass was rendered practicable, and the head of the wagon train reached the western opening by seven P. M.

The army encamped for the night near this opening. In accordance with Special Field Orders, No. 92, from your headquarters, the army


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