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[106] our works, and the One Hundred and Forty-ninth New-York volunteers, and One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania veteran volunteers nearly so, when Captain Lambert, of division staff, communicated the peremptory order of the General commanding division, to withdraw, which was reluctantly done at a quarter past four A. M.

20th. Other than the above, the brigade was engaged during the occupation of this position in building traverses in our works, and otherwise strengthening them, to protect the command from the almost continuous artillery fire from the enemy's works and gunboats, which came up the river so as to enfilade our line, also in constructing Batteries 1, 2, and 3 in front of this division. Toward evening, of this day, indications appeared that the enemy was either evacuating or preparing to evacuate, and the picket was ordered to keep a close watch upon his movements. He kept an unusually severe artillery fire along his entire line until eleven P. M., when he totally ceased his fire.

21st. At twelve A. M. the Commandant of the brigade personally reconnoitred the enemy's position, and consulted with the Brigade Officer of the Day, Captain S. B. Wheelock, One Hundred and Thirty-seventh New-York volunteers. At half-past 2 the reconnaissance was repeated, and the conviction entertained that the works in our front were vacated, though an occasional discharge of artillery was heard far to the right. Ten men were furnished by Lieutenant-Colonel H. S. Chetfield, commanding One Hundred and Second New-York veteran volunteers, who were deployed in front of the picket-pits, and, under direction of and accompanied by the Brigade Officer of the Day and the commander, advanced cautiously, and receiving no opposition, entered the advanced works of the enemy at twenty minutes past three A. M. The undersigned immediately despatched a staff-officer to acquaint the Brigadier-General commanding the division with this fact, and ordered the brigade under arms, and the One Hundred and Second New-York veteran volunteers into the works, and with the ten men advanced on the main line, crossing the flooded fields on the river-bank, and the two dikes separating the fields, and entering the enemy's main works at forty minutes past three A. M. Another staff-officer was immediately despatched to communicate this fact to the General commanding division, and the brigade was put into the main line. A strong skirmish-line advanced five hundred yards. The undersigned also placed guards on all the guns found in the enemy's works, from the Augusta road to the river-eleven in number, seven of which were in the advanced work nearest our line. The General commanding division having arrived, further operations were conducted under his direction. After waiting some time for the First and Second brigades of this division to arrive, this brigade was put in motion, and marched through Axley's plantation to the Augusta road, the brigade moving in the following order: One Hundred and Second New-York veteran volunteers, One Hundred and Forty-ninth New-York volunteers, One Hundred and Thirty-seventh New-York volunteers, Twenty-ninth Pennsylvania veteran volunteers, One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania veteran volunteers, and Sixtieth New-York veteran volunteers, with a strong skirmish line from the One Hundred and Forty-ninth New-York volunteers, extending from the river to the Augusta road. The column then moved down the Augusta road, and at about half a mile from the junction of the Augusta road with the Charleston Railroad, was met by the Mayor, and a delegation of Aldermen of the city, with a flag of truce, who formally surrendered the city of Savannah. With lusty cheers at every step, the column pressed forward, and entered the city on West-Broad street, from the Augusta road. Marched down West-Broad to Bay street, and down Bay street to the Exchange or City Hall, from the balcony of which were displayed the national colors of the regiments of this brigade, and the division flag, at six o'clock A. M. By order of the General commanding division, the Sixtieth New-York veteran volunteers was left at the entrance of the city at the canal crossing, as guard, with instructions to prevent any other troops from entering the city, until quiet and order could be established ; and the undersigned was also directed to disperse the riotous crowds of poor whites and negroes, who were sacking the stores and storehouses. This brigade was immediately deployed throughout the city, as patrols through the streets, and guards over the various kinds of public property, ordnance, and stores, and two companies of the One Hundred and Thirty-seventh New-York volunteers were sent to Fort Jackson. Citizens were sent to their houses, and crowds dispersed, and order and quiet soon established. At half-past 8 A. M., the First and Second brigades having arrived, this brigade was assembled, and put by regiments into sub-districts of that portion of the city bounded by Ball and Jones street, and the canal and Savannah River, constituting about one third of the city.

24th. By order of General Geary, commanding division and post, the undersigned was appointed Provost-Marshal of the west half of the city, from Ball street, and the troops of this command continued as provost-guard, at which duty they are still employed. In justice to the officers and men of this brigade, it is here recorded that they were the first to discover the evacuation by the enemy of his works, the first to occupy them, the first to enter the city, (the skirmishers of the One Hundred and Forty-ninth New-York volunteers having entered the city a half-hour in advance of the brigade,) the first to take possession of and guard all the captured ordnance and stores of every kind, in and below the city and in the enemy's works, from the Augusta road to the river, and that they captured the greater part of the prisoners taken, and until half-past 8 o'clock A. M., of the twenty-first,


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