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[116] the One Hundred and Second Illinois infantry, in command of Captain Clay, as skirmishers, and advanced till we were within four and a half miles of this city, when the enemy's works were discovered, one mile in advance of the head of the column. The brigade was then deployed in line of battle, the left resting on the road leading into Savannah, and connecting on the right with the Third brigade, near the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. The rebel works in our front were a continuous line of breastworks, strongly built, with heavy head-logs, and extended at right angles with the road; in the road was a strong bastion with two embrasures, in which were two long thirty-two pounder cannon, (old style.) After dark, I reconnoitred the works, and advanced to within three hundred yards of the works, and found them weakly manned, which I reported to the division commander.

By direction of the division commander, on the night of the eleventh instant, I established a squad of sharp-shooters on the Savannah road, covering the guns in the bastion. On the night of the twelfth, these guns were removed from the embrasures, and did not appear again during the investment. In obedience to orders received, I reconnoitred the position of the enemy in my front during the night-time, from the fifteenth to the nineteenth, and found a swamp or pond of water, extending its entire length, varying in depth from two to three and a half feet, and the enemy weak, which I also reported to the division commander, and in which report I also expressed the opinion, that I could easily carry this position by assault.

At daybreak, on the twenty-first instant, I received orders to advance my command, under the supposition that the enemy had evacuated his position. I immediately ordered my picket-line forward to his line of works in my front, and found that the enemy had retired, leaving the guns above mentioned in our possession. When informed of this, I immediately ordered a guard over the guns and a small quantity of ammunition designed for their use, which guard was relieved by the division picket, on the evening of the same day.

We moved forward at eight A. M. from the enemy's works to our present encampment, on the north side of the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. I here beg leave to state that on the third day of December, I was ordered to proceed north of Millen, for the purpose of destroying a part of the Augusta Railroad, and was so employed with my entire command for five hours, and burned and destroyed four miles of that road, At other different times, during the march, my brigade destroyed about two miles of railroad, making in all about nine and a half miles of railroad destroyed by my command. I am gratified to be able to speak of the general good conduct of my men, and their uniform cheerfulness to perform all labor and duty required of them.

Respectfully submitted.

F. C. Smith, Colonel Commanding.


Major H. H. Clay's Report.

headquarters one hundred and Second Illinois volunteers, December 24, 1864.
Lieutenant A. H. Trego, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, First Brigade:
sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of operations of the One Hundred and Second Illinois volunteers, from the second day of September to the twentieth day of December, 1864.

When the city of Atlanta was first occupied by our forces, September second, the regiment was stationed north of the Chattahoochee River. It marched on the sixteenth of September to Atlanta, and remained encamped in the suburbs of the city, until the thirtieth of the same month, when it returned to the Chattahoochee, and was assigned a position on the south side of the river, protecting the railroad bridge.

On the eighteenth day of October, Captain Sedwick, with fifty men, was sent out to recapture a number of horses and mules, which the enemy had driven off, and succeeded in recovering three horses and two mules.

Captain George W. Woolley, company F, with a detachment from the regiment, participated in a foraging expedition, which started out on the eighteenth of October, and returned on the twentieth of that month; the teams that were sent out returned loaded with forage. About the last of October, Captain D. W. Sedwick commanded a detachment from the regiment, which foraged in the same locality, (Ruswell Factory.) The expedition, which comprised details from the several regiments of the brigade, returned with thirty-seven loads of forage, and three wagon-loads of potatoes. Two other foraging parties were sent out, under officers of my command, during the time the regiment was stationed at the Chattahoochee River; but the officers who were in charge being absent at this time, no report of their operations can be furnished.

The regiment participated in the work of destroying the railroad between Chattahoochee and Atlanta, on the twelfth of October. Probably tore up three fourths of a mile of the railroad track.

November 14.--Marched to Atlanta and joined the division, and on the following day marched with the corps on the great raid through Georgia.

During the campaign, the regiment obtained its full share of subsistence from the country, consisting of flour, meal, molasses, yams, pork, chickens, turkeys, butter, honey, wine, whiskey, and a variety of other articles, too numerous to mention here. I think the regiment obtained from the country twice the amount of subsistence that would have been necessary to supply the men during the march. Vast quantities of provisions were unavoidably abandoned on the way, as the men could not well carry more than their haversacks would hold.

During the raid, the regiment captured horses, mules, and cattle, as follows: horses, seventy-eight; mules, sixty-eight ; cattle, eighty-eight.


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