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[131] drawn from the surrounding country were inadequate to meet the requirements of the animals. All the animals were very much reduced in flesh, having had but half and quarter-rations for six weeks prior to the evacuation of the city of Atlanta.

Amount of Forage on Hand.--At the time of leaving Atlanta I had on hand full rations of forage for four days, which with a very small amount gathered up on the march, was made to last until the twenty-second of November. The country through which we were then passing had been pretty effectually foraged upon by our own forces before the move, and by the enemy while camped south of the place. The little that remained was taken by our cavalry and the advance divisions.

Foraging-Party.--On the twenty-second of November, at my request, I was furnished with a detail of two officers and thirty men for foraging purposes. This detail was divided into two different detachments, and instructed to mount themselves on horses and mules captured from the country, and to scout the country thoroughly, and bring in all the horses, mules, etc., found. This duty was faithfully performed by them. In addition to this, they burned large amounts of cotton found hid in the woods and swamps.

Forage Gathered.--On the twenty-third of November, (12) twelve horses, (11) eleven mules, (20) twenty loads of corn, and (10) ten of fodder, were brought from near the Oconoco River. On the twenty-fourth, (8) eight horses, (8) eight mules, (25) twenty-five loads of corn, and (15) fifteen of fodder were taken up. On the twenty-sixth, near Sandersville, (10) ten horses, (6) six mules, (20) twenty loads of corn, and (10) ten of fodder were taken. From the twenty-seventh of November to the third of December inclusive, no horses or mules, and but a small quantity of forage taken up. This was owing to the fact that the country through which we passed was mostly wild. Our division was in the rear, and the little forage in the country was gathered up by the troops in our advance. On the fourth of December, (6) six horses, (7) seven mules, (17) seventeen loads of corn, and (11) eleven of fodder were brought in.

The country passed over from this date up to the time position was taken before the city, was very poor and thinly settled, and the amount of forage captured will not exceed two loads of each. From the tenth up to the twenty-first, forage for the animals has been procured from the rice-mills on the Savannah River, six miles from the city. The country through which we passed was, for the most part, well filled with all kinds of forage. Much of it, however, was concealed in the woods, swamps, and out of-the-way places, by the citizens, evidently to keep it from our troops; but by the energy and activity of our foragers it was discovered, and appropriated to the use of the Government.

Abandoned Transportation.--I did not find it necessary to abandon any portion of my transportation during the campaign. The march was a hard one, and frequently the entire mule-train was in the harness for forty-eight hours without rest. In many cases the roads were heavy, and the mules taxed to their utmost to draw the heavy army-wagons along. But by reason of their having nearly full rations of corn and fodder, they rather gained than fell off on the campaign, and they are now in much better condition than when the campaign opened.

I wish particularly to call attention to the able manner in which Captain Baldwin, Nineteenth Michigan volunteer infantry, and Lieutenant Knowles, of the Twenty-second Wisconsin volunteer infantry, discharged their duties as commandants of the different foraging detachments.

Total number of horses procured, (36) thirty-six; mules, (32) thirty-two. Pounds of corn, (60,000) sixty thousand; fodder, (36,720) thirty-six thousand seven hundred and twenty.

Respectfully submitted.

L. M. Wing, First Lieutenant Nineteenth Michigan, and Acting Assistant-Quartermaster, Second Brigade, Third Division, Twentieth Army Corps. Captain A. G. Kellam, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, Second Brigade, Third Division, Twentieth Army Corps.

Office Acting Assistant Quartermaster, Second brigade, Third division, Twentieth army corps, Savannah, Ga., December 25, 1864.
Captain: I have the honor to make the following report of forage taken up while on the march from Atlanta to this place for the use of the (28) twenty-eight teams belonging to the third division supply and ordnance trains which were assigned to this brigade upon leaving Atlanta: Pounds of corn, (39,312) thirty-nine thousand three hundred and twelve. Fodder, (30,000) thirty thousand.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

L. M. wing, First Lieutenant Nineteenth Michigan, and Acting Assistant Quartermaster, Second Brigade, Third Division, Twentieth Army Corps. Captain A. G. Kellam, Acting Assistant-Adjutant-General, Second Brigade, Third Division.


Colonel Dustin's reports.

headquarters Second brigade, Third division, Twentieth army corps, Savannah, Ga., December 26, 1864.
To Captain John Speed, Assistant Adjutant-General, Third Division, Twentieth Army Corps:
sir: I have the honor to report the operations of the division, during the time that I had the honor to command it, as follows:

I assumed command on the twenty-third of September, Brigadier-General Ward being absent on leave.

I found the First brigade in command of Colonel Smith, of the One Hundred and Second Illinois; the Second, under Lieutenant-Colonel Bloodgood, of the Twenty-second Wisconsin; and the Third, under Lieutenant-Colonel Buckingham, of the Twentieth Connecticut.

The position of the command was not changed until the------, when by an order from corps


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L. M. Wing (2)
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