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[133] loaded, and the quick return of the expedition, is to be ascribed, in a great measure, to the efficiency of the brigade commanders, and to the prompt and energetic personal attention which they gave to the work assigned to their commands.

The wagon-train was a most unwieldy thing, and under so many untoward circumstances, the Quartermaster of the expedition, Captain Summers, deserves great credit for his untiring industry in the execution of his arduous duties, and for the success that attended his exertions.

Lieutenant-Colonel Hurst, Seventy-third Ohio, deserves much commendation for the efficient and diligent performance of his difficult duties as field-officer of the day for the expedition.

I respectfully suggest that, hereafter, these expeditions should not be encumbered with more than four hundred wagons, and that measures be taken to prevent an increase of this number by a thorough organization of the train on the day before starting.

Respectfully submitted.

Daniel Dustin, Colonel Commanding Third Division, Twentieth Army Corps.

Captain Summers's Report.

Quartermaster's Department, Third brigade, Second division, Twentieth army corps, Atlanta, Ga., October 24, 1864.
Captain H. M. Whittlesey, Acting Chief Quartermaster Twentieth Army Corps:
sir: As Quartermaster in charge of the recent foraging expedition, I have the honor respectfully to make the following report.

The trains started from Atlanta on the morning of the twenty-first, in considerable confusion, owing to the illness and absence of Captain Lacey, who had been selected to take charge of the train; and as I was unexpectedly called upon to fill his place, I could do no better than to take such general instructions and lists of wagons as were furnished to him and push forward the train, expecting to halt a few miles out of town, and, if possible, perfect an organization.

About one mile beyond Decatur, Colonel Dustin, in command of the expedition, halted, and an attempt was made to organize the train; but it was discovered that the number of wagons was so great, and the confusion was so complete, that the attempt to organize was abandoned until the halt for the night; and on the appearance of the cavalry command, the expedition moved forward to its destination.

On the same evening the train was parked, and the organization again attempted. On the examination of lists, permits, and reports, it was found that the following list of the wagons and officers present is as perfect as could be made:

First division, Twentieth army corps, ordnance and supply train, Lieutenant E. K. Carley, one hundred and four; Second division, Twentieth army corps, ordnance and supply train, Lieutenant William Sager, one hundred and twenty-six; Third division, Twentieth army corps, ordnance and supply train, Lieutenant Faber, one hundred and seven; corps headquarters and artillery brigade, no officer, forty-four; Third division, Twentieth army corps, hospital, two; Second division, Twentieth army corps, hospital, six; cavalry brigade, Captain Ketleman, seventy-five; department of the Cumberland, Lieutenant Pond, fifty; artillery brigade, Fourteenth army corps, Lieutenant Flusky, thirty-three; reserve artillery, Lieutenant Oslum, ten; post teams, (Captain Hade's,) no officer, twenty; Second division, Fourth army corps, Lieutenant Hatfield, twenty; General Thomas's headquarters, no officer, thirty-three; hospital department Twenty-third army corps, no officer, two; Lieutenant Lyon, Twenty-third army corps, no officer, nine; First Missouri engineers, Lieutenant John Murphy, ten; Lieutenant Erdman, department of Cumberland headquarters, no officer, twenty-five; First Michigan engineers, Captain McCraith, eighteen; ordnance wagon, Third division, no officer, twelve; Captain A. E. Edwards, chief quartermaster, no officer, four; Captain Samuel Bonsale, Twenty-fourth army corps, no officer, two; miscellaneous army wagons, (without permits,) one hundred and thirteen; ambulances of Second division, Twentieth army corps, Lieutenant Stevens, twenty-five; ambulances of headquarters and other commands, no officer, twenty-six; total, eight hundred and seventy-six.

On the morning of the twenty-second, those detachments of the train which had a permanent organization and officers in charge, (numbering over five hundred wagons,) were sent out in various directions, with full details of men for guarding and loading furnished by Colonel Dustin, and the trains returned during the same afternoon and evening, generally well filled with corn.

On the same afternoon, by order of Colonel Dustin, the train started on its return home, and marched about three miles, when it was halted and parked, and the organization perfected as far as possible, by assigning officers to take charge of the consolidated miscellaneous wagons.

On the morning of the twenty-third, all the empty wagons (amounting to over three hundred) were sent out under the charge of officers designated, and during the afternoon they returned, nearly all the wagons being well filled with corn.

This completed our work, and the expedition again started on the return to Atlanta, marching as far as Decatur, where it arrived and encamped, quite late in the evening.

On the morning of the twenty-fourth, the expedition marched to Atlanta, and the various trains returned to their respective camps.

I have the pleasure of reporting that all the quartermasters and officers in charge of the trains, and assigned to such duty by me, (as far as my observation extended,) conducted the business assigned to them in an energetic and efficient manner, and appeared to fully and kindly appreciate the somewhat embarrassing circumstances under which I was placed, in being unexpectedly called to take charge of the unwieldy and extremely miscellaneous train.

I desire particularly to express my obligations to Lieutenant Pond, of the department of Cumberland, and Lieutenant Faber, of the Third division, for valuable assistance.

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