was merely to threaten the enemy's only line of communications, and thereby cause him to withdraw his troops from his main line in front of Savannah, I directed Colonel Carman to present a bold front and send out frequent reconnoissances. On the morning of the twenty-first, the enemy having evacuated the city of Savannah during the afternoon and night previous, I received orders from the Brigadier-General commanding the corps, to move the First and Second brigades to a position nearer the city. The First brigade was moved at once to the position assigned to it; but owing to the high winds which prevailed during this and the following day, and the activity of the enemy, quite a force of which still remained in his front, Colonel Carman was unable to cross his entire brigade to the Georgia shore until the afternoon of the twenty-second. During the crossing, Colonel John H. Ketcham, commanding the One Hundred and Fiftieth New-York volunteers, a brave and efficient officer, was wounded severely in the thigh. In the evening of the twenty-second, the Second brigade was brought to its present camp, and on the following morning the Third brigade (which had remained in its old position until the trains could be moved to the vicinity of the city) was also brought up, and encamped with right resting on Savannah River. During the march, which, from time of leaving Atlanta, to the arrival before Savannah, occupied twenty-six (26) days, the troops of my command subsisted mostly upon provisions taken from the country through which we passed, and were abundantly supplied. After arriving in front of Savannah, a large supply of rice was found on the plantations in the vicinity; upon which, with the beef cattle on hand, the command subsisted until supplies were obtained from the fleet. The following supplies were taken from the country by the foraging parties which were sent out daily: Five hundred and sixty head beef cattle; three hundred sheep; five hundred hogs; two hundred and ninety-eight thousand four hundred and seventy-two pounds corn; three hundred and ninety-nine thousand and fifty-one pounds fodder; twenty thousand pounds rice, (in sheaf;) thirty-eight thousand eight hundred pounds rice, (threshed;) one hundred and sixty-four thousand two hundred pounds sweet potatoes; one thousand five hundred pounds meal and flour; one thousand pounds bacon; ninety-five thousand pounds fresh meat; one thousand pounds sugar; one thousand five hundred pounds tobacco; twenty-six barrels molasses; three barrels whiskey; six barrels salt. In addition to the foregoing, on the tenth of December a foraging party of Carman's brigade, commanded by Captain Gildersleeve, One Hundred and Fiftieth New-York volunteers, captured the despatch steamer Ida, from the enemy, taking thirteen prisoners, among whom was Colonel Clynch, of General Hardee's staff. On account of the approach of rebel gunboats, Captain Gildersleeve burned the steamer, after removing the prisoners. On the twelfth, Colonel Hawley, commanding Third Wisconsin, on Argyle Island, took possession of the steamer Resolute, which had been driven on the Argyle shore by Captain Winnegar's battery. The boat, and stores captured upon her, as well as prisoners, were turned over by Colonel Hawley directly to corps headquarters. One hundred and fifty (150) horses and one hundred and seventy-five (175) mules were captured during the march. Of these, one hundred and thirty (130) horses were turned over to the Provost-Marshal of the corps, and the remainder of the horses and the mules were put into the different trains of the division. Twenty-two (22) cotton-gins, and one thousand and twenty-eight bales of cotton were destroyed by my command. One thousand eight hundred (1800) bales of cotton were also turned over by Colonel Hawley, Third Wisconsin volunteers, while commanding post of Milledgeville, by order of Major-General Sherman. My command also destroyed thirty-six (36) miles of railroad. About nine hundred (900) negroes joined and followed the column to our position in front of Savannah, where all except those who had been taken for teamsters and officers' servants, were turned over to the Provost-Marshal of the corps. My aggregate of effective force on leaving Atlanta, was five thousand three hundred and sixty-three, (5363,) and on arriving at Savannah the “report of effective force” showed an aggregate of five thousand one hundred and seventy-four, (5174,) making a loss of one hundred and eighty-nine, (189.) Of this number, one hundred and fifty-seven (157) were killed, wounded, or missing, and are accounted for by name, in the “report of casualties;” the remaining number, thirty-two, (32,) were taken from the effective force by sickness. The organization of my command is as follows: First brigade, Colonel Selfridge, Forty-sixth Pennsylvania volunteers, commanding; composed of the following regiments: One Hundred and Twenty-third New-York volunteers, Fifth Connecticut veteran volunteers, Forty-sixth Pennsylvania veteran volunteers, and One Hundred and Forty-first New-York volunteers. Second brigade, Colonel E. A. Carman, Thirteenth New-Jersey volunteers, commanding; composed of the Third Wisconsin veteran volunteers, Second Massachusetts volunteers, One Hundred and Seventh New-York volunteers, Thirteenth New-Jersey volunteers, and One Hundred and Fiftieth New-York volunteers. Third brigade, Colonel J. S. Robinson, Eighty second Ohio volunteers, commanding; composed of Thirty-first Wisconsin volunteers, Eighty-second Ohio volunteers, Eighty-second Illinois volunteers, One Hundred and First Illinois volunteers, One Hundred and Forty-third New-York volunteers, and Sixty-first Ohio volunteers. My staff was composed of the following-named officers:
This text is part of:
Table of Contents:
Foreign accounts of the fight.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.
An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.