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[68] and destroyed a portion of the road. The march was resumed, until the enemy's works were reached in front of Savannah, when I took up a position with the brigade in line of battle, about three quarters of a mile from the enemy's outer line of works. Distance marched this day, ten miles.

December eleventh, at three o'clock, by your order, I reported to Brigadier-General commanding corps, from whom I received instructions to take my command to Argyle Island, in the Savannah River, secure the rice and other public property there, and to make a reconnoissance on the South-Carolina shore. I succeeded in crossing two companies that night.

December twelfth, crossed the balance of my command this morning. While crossing, I discovered three rebel steamers corning down the river. Two of them proved to be gunboats, by almost immediately becoming engaged with our battery on shore. I immediately deployed two companies to intercept them, if possible, and pick off their gunners. Before the skirmishers could reach a position where their fire could be effective, the two gunboats had retreated, making their escape up the river. While changing their positions, the two gunboats had both run into the third vessel, which afterward proved to be the armed tender Resolute, which had so disabled her, that her wheels could not revolve. When my troops came up to her, the officers and crew had lowered the small boats, and were busily engaged in getting in their baggage and other personal property, and would have succeeded in making their escape in a few minutes more. After one volley from my men, resulting in the wounding of the executive officer of the boat, the vessel was surrendered, immediately boarded by my troops, and brought to the Georgia shore. The following is a list of the arms and supplies found on hoard, which, with the boat, were turned over to Captain Whittlesey, Corps Quartermaster, by order of Brigadier-General Williams, commanding corps: ten short Whitney rifled muskets, sabre bayonets, accoutrements complete; ten Whitney rifled muskets with bayonets and accoutrements; five barrels of flour, six barrels of beef, half a barrel of molasses, half a barrel of vinegar, half a barrel of rice, six bags of coffee, three boxes of bread, one box of candles, live hundred pounds of bacon. The prisoners, except the wounded officer, who was left on board in care of the surgeon of the boat, consisting of five officers and nineteen men, were turned over to Major W. Parks, Provost-Marshal of corps, by order of Brigadier-General commanding corps. December thirteenth and fourteenth, the entire time was occupied in collecting boats, reconnoitring the island, and securing the rice and such other property as could be found, of which the following is a partial list: five large barge-loads of rice in sheaf, two hundred and sixty bushels of threshed rice, nine barrels of syrup, fourteen mules and two horses. The mules, horses, and sheaf rice were turned over to Corps Quartermaster, and the balance of the stores were used in subsisting the negroes, and otherwise disposed of by the Corps Quartermaster. In addition to the above, about two thousand bushels of rice were threshed, and left in the mill on the island.

December fifteenth, in compliance with previous orders from Brigadier-General commanding corps, I crossed five companies of my regiment to the South-Carolina shore, driving the enemy from the plantation known as Izard's, and made a reconnoissance in the country for about two miles, gaining much valuable information respecting the country and roads. After a stay of about one hour, the enemy made their appearance in my front in strong force. Being entirely isolated from the balance of the army, with limited means of transportation, I deemed it prudent to withdraw my small force, and return to the island. This I accomplished successfully, although vigorously pressed by the enemy. I immediately reported to the Brigadier-General commanding corps, and applied for a force sufficient to enable me to recross to the South-Carolina shore in safety, and to occupy the plantation, if thought necessary or desirable. The Second Massachusetts infantry was sent me but before I could effect a recrossing, the boats were ordered to the Georgia shore, to transport your entire brigade to the island and South-Carolina shore. The arrival of the balance of the brigade, with the Colonel commanding, relieved me of the command and responsibility of the expedition.

December nineteenth, I recrossed my regiment with the balance of the brigade, under the orders of the Colonel commanding, to the South-Carolina shore, and occupied my original position.

December twentieth, skirmished all day with the enemy.

December twenty-first, the brigade recrossed to the island, my regiment guarding the rear. The enemy pressed my regiment hard at times, but we finally succeeded in gaining the island late at night, without loss.

December twenty-second, crossed from the island to the main Georgia shore. Marched seven miles, and went into camp in my present position. My casualties in this expedition were one man killed, and three wounded.

The total number of casualties during the campaign is as follows: one man killed, one officer wounded, three men wounded.

I beg leave to report, in conclusion, that so excellent have been the arrangements, adopted by the Colonel commanding brigade, for foraging, and so ample time facilities given the men, while on the road, to gather potatoes, turnips, and other vegetables at the resting places, that I have experienced no difficulty, during the entire march, in subsisting my men and animals on the country, obtaining all that was needed, excepting coffee and sugar.

I beg leave also to report that on the march, twelve bales of cotton were discovered, which


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