previous next

[81] and the latter reporting to Colonel Beck with, Chief Commissary.

During the month of September, nothing occurred to disturb the routine of camp life. About the first of October, a general movement of all the corps, excepting the Twentieth, was made to the rear to meet certain movements of the enemy. Our corps being left to hold Atlanta, we commenced the construction of an inner line of forts and rifle-pits, our camp still remaining near the old outer line, which we had strengthened and improved by slashing and abattis. From the third until the twentieth of October, with the exception of a few days, one thousand men from this division worked daily upon the inner line, which was formidably strong.

The interruption of our communications by Hood's army, had, by the tenth of October, caused a great scarcity of forage in Atlanta, and to prevent the total sacrifice of our horses and mules, it became necessary to draw entirely upon the surrounding country.

The first foraging expedition for this purpose was sent out under my command on the eleventh October.

October 11.--At seven A. M. I left Atlanta, in command of a foraging expedition, composed as follows:

Detachments from my division under Colonel H. A. Barnum, one thousand and fifty men; Second brigade, First division, under Colonel Carman, one thousand and eighty men; cavalry, under Colonel J. Garrard, seven hundred men; one battery under Lieutenant Sandy, four three-inch rifle-guns; four hundred and twenty wagons from the different commands at this post.

Reached Flat Rock at six P. M., small detachments of the enemy's cavalry retiring before my advance.

Here I encamped and parked my trains, in a position strengthened by rail defences; and from this place as a depot, my foraging operations were conducted.

October 12.--Crossed South-River at Flat Rock, and during the day loaded about three hundred wagons within a distance of three miles, along the Fayetteville road. These were sent to the temporary depot.

About noon, one of my cavalry outposts was attacked by a party of the enemy, who were driven off, two men of Colonel Garrard's command being wounded in the affair. Shortly before dark the enemy attacked another outpost, and were charged by a detachment of my cavalry, who drove them a mile and a half, with a loss of two rebels killed. I subsequently ascertained that the enemy's main body near me was seven hundred strong, with two pieces of artillery.

October 13.--At day-break, leaving the laden trains under guard at the depot, I recrossed the river, loaded the balance of my wagons, and at eight P. M. commenced my return to Atlanta.

October 14.--By one o'clock A. M., I reached a point within six miles of Atlanta, where I halted and rested my command until half-past 6 A. M.; then resumed the march and entered the city. The distance marched during the expedition was forty-six miles; amount of corn brought to Atlanta, upward of ten thousand bushels; besides which, about three thousand five hundred animals used with my trains, and all my men, were amply subsisted on the country. Twenty-one bales of cotton were also brought in.

October 16.--Another foraging expedition was sent out under command of Colonel Robinson, of the First division-one hundred men from my Second brigade were detailed, and formed part of this force. After four days absence, they returned with their trains well loaded with corn.

October 20 to 24.--Detachments from my command were engaged taking up the iron, and destroying the track on the West-Point Railroad, during which considerable skirmishing took place with the rebel cavalry near East-Point.

October 26.--At seven A. M., I left Atlanta, in command of a foraging expedition composed as follows:

The Third brigade of my division, under Lieutenant-Colonel Van Voorhes, nine hundred and forty-five men; Third brigade, First division, under Colonel Robinson, one thousand two hundred men; Second brigade, Third division, under Major Brant, six hundred and forty-two men; cavalry, under Colonel Garrard, four hundred men; two batteries under Captain Bainbridge; six hundred and seventy-two wagons from the different commands and detachments in and around Atlanta.

Reached Decatur at one P. M. Learning here that the enemy had concentrated a force from two to four thousand strong, between Stone Mountain and Lawrenceville, I sent a request to Major-General Slocum, for a force to be sent to Stone Mountain, with the object of preventing annoyance on my right flank. This request was responded to by sending my Second brigade, under Colonel Mindil. Without delaying at Decatur, I detached the main body of my cavalry, seven hundred infantry, and a section of artillery, the whole under Colonel Garrard, with orders to proceed to Stone Mountain, and hold the roads and passes there. With the rest of my command and train I moved on the Lawrenceville road six miles, then passed to the right over a wood road, and struck the main road to Stone Mountain, about two miles from that place. Here I was joined by Colonel Garrard. Leaving a strong cavalry-guard to hold the village, I moved on the Stone Mountain and Lawrenceville road to Trickum Cross-Roads, near which we camped for the night.

Receiving information about nine P. M., that Colonel Mindil with his command had arrived within four miles of Stone Mountain, I sent him orders to push on as near the mountain as possible, and to join me on the following morning.

Information obtained this evening confirmed that I had received at Decatur respecting the enemy's force in this vicinity.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
J. Garrard (5)
George Robinson (2)
G. W. Mindil (2)
Voorhes (1)
H. W. Slocum (1)
Sandy (1)
J. B. Hood (1)
E. A. Carman (1)
J. E. Brant (1)
Beck (1)
H. A. Barnum (1)
Bainbridge (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
October 20th (2)
October 11th (2)
October 26th (1)
October 16th (1)
October 14th (1)
October 13th (1)
October 12th (1)
October 10th (1)
October 1st (1)
September (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: