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[82]

October 27.--Early in the morning my pickets were attacked several times by rebel cavalry; one of my men was killed, and another wounded.

During the day I sent out portions of my train with strong escorts, and loaded about three hundred wagons. In the afternoon a regiment of my cavalry, under Lieutenant-Colonel Way, met the enemy near Yellow River, and learned of a considerable force being in Lawrenceville. The party first met retreated across the river and burned the bridge.

By my orders, Colonel Way followed them, crossed the river, and charged through Lawrenceville, driving the enemy in confusion.

Learning that abundance of forage could be procured east of the river, I sent two hundred and fifty wagons with a strong escort, under Colonel Robinson, to cross and load in the fields beyond. The remaining empty wagons I sent to Colonel Garrard, to be loaded near the Rock Bridge road, east of Stone Mountain. By three P. M., all the wagons were loaded and ready to return. I then concentrated all my troops and trains, and encamped them on the Decatur road, two miles west of Stone Mountain.

October 29.--By one A. M., all my wagons had reached the camp. At seven A. M., I commenced my return to Atlanta, which place my advance reached about three P. M. As the result of the expedition, besides subsisting my men and animals on the country, we brought to Atlanta nineteen thousand three hundred bushels of ears of corn, five wagon-loads of wheat, four bales of cotton, and about one hundred head of cattle, which were distributed among the different commands. I captured from the enemy twelve prisoners.

November 1.--Received orders to be prepared for active campaign at an hour's notice, any day after the fourth instant; also to ship surplus stores and baggage to the rear.

November 4.--Shipped the surplus stores and baggage of the division to Nashville.

November 5.--At one P. M., received orders to move at two o'clock, and to encamp outside the city, on the McDonough turnpike. The entire division, with all its trains, moved as ordered, encamping two miles from the city.

November 6.--At twelve o'clock, received orders to return to our camp in Atlanta, and there to await further orders, keeping our trains loaded for campaign. The order was complied with, and by night every thing belonging to the command was back again.

November 9.--Before daylight this morning we were roused by the sounds of artillery in our front, and found a force of the enemy attacking my line, on the East-Point road. A portion of my pickets at that point were driven in by a charge of dismounted cavalry from Iverson's brigade of Georgia troops. This line of the enemy advanced within about one hundred and fifty yards of our outer works, when they received a destructive fire, and retreated hastily. In the mean time they had planted a battery within four hundred yards of our works, and served it quite rapidly for an hour, but without injuring a single person in our lines or camps. There was no artillery in position in my line when the attack commenced, but a battery was soon sent down at my request, and gave the retreating enemy a few shots, causing them to hasten their departure. The whole affair lasted from seven A. M. to a quarter past eight.

The enemy left in our hands two dead and two prisoners, one of whom was mortally wounded. Subsequent statements in the rebel newspaper accounts of the affair give their entire loss as about forty. There were no casualties on our side.

November 11.--Received to-day the orders announcing the organization of the army of Georgia, and the order of Brigadier-General Williams upon taking command of the Twentieth corps, Major-General Slocum being assigned to command the left wing army of Georgia.

November 15.--In accordance with orders received on the previous night, my division, with the exception of one regiment, the One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania veteran volunteers, broke camp at an early hour in the morning, and at seven o'clock moved out upon the Decatur road, following the First division. Shortly after passing beyond the old line of rebel works, I was obliged to halt on account of the detention of the troops and trains in my front, and several hours elapsed before the road was sufficiently clear to allow of my advance. Resuming the march, I moved on, keeping well closed upon the rear of the First division, and halting for dinner near Decatur. After passing through the village, I took advantage of every field to move the head of my column parallel to the train of the preceding division. The head of column went into camp near Stone Mountain about eleven P. M.

The march during the day was continually delayed by halts and detentions, caused by the miserable character of the animals in our trains. The roads travelled were bad; the weather was beautiful. The distance marched during the day was fifteen miles.

November 16.--I broke camp at eight A. M., and moved out in advance of the corps; crossed Yellow River at Rock Bridge at three P. M., and went into camp three miles beyond, having marched during the day ten miles.

The marching to-day was necessarily slow, owing to the bad character of the roads and bad condition of our animals. The country through which I passed was for the most part poor and undulating, and east of Yellow River the road crosses a number of swampy streams and steep ridges.

November 17.--Moved from camp again at five o'clock, in advance of the corps. Encamped for the night on the west bank of the Ulcofauhatchie River, having marched seventeen miles. The roads travelled were very good, and the country traversed was fine.

November 18.--Moved at five A. M., my division still in the advance; crossed the Ulcofauhatchie River, struck the Georgia Railroad at Social Circle,


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Way (2)
A. S. Williams (1)
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