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[180] and a portion of Sears's and Cockeral's brigades at bay for nearly two hours and a half. The gallant Colonel Redfield, of the Thirty-ninth Iowa, fell shot in four places, and the extraordinary valor of the men and officers of this regiment, and of the Seventh Illinois, saved to us Allatoona. So completely disorganized was the enemy, that no regular assault could be made on the fort, till I had the trenches all filled, and the parapets lined with men.

The Twelfth Illinois and Fiftieth Illinois arriving from the east hill, enabled us to occupy every foot of trench and keep up a line of fire that, as long as our ammunition lasted, would render our little fort impregnable.

The broken pieces of the enemy enabled them to fill every hollow and take every advantage of the rough ground surrounding the fort, filling every hole and trench, seeking shelter behind every stump and log that lay within musketrange of the fort. We received their fire from the north, south, and west face of the redoubt, completely in face of the murderous fire of the enemy now concentrated upon us. The artillery was silent for want of ammunition, and a brave fellow, whose name I regret having forgotten, volunteered to cross the cut, which was under fire of the enemy, and go to the fort on the east hill and procure some ammunition. Having executed his mission successfully, he returned in a short time with an arm-load of canister and caseshot. About half-past 2 P. M., the enemy were observed massing a force behind a small house and the ridge on which the house was located, distant north-west from the fort about one hundred and fifty yards.

The dead and wounded were moved aside, so as to enable us to move a piece of artillery to an embrasure commanding the house and ridge. A few shots from the gun threw the enemy's column into great confusion, which, being observed by our men, caused them to rush to the parapet and open such a heavy and continuous musketry-fire that it was impossible for the enemy to rally.

From this time until near four P. M., we enfilading our ditches and rendering it almost impracticable for a man to expose his person above the parapet, an effort was made to carry our work by assault, but the battery (Twelfth Wisconsin) was so ably manned and so gallantly fought as to render it impossible for a column to live within one hundred yards of the work. Officers labored constantly to stimulate the men to exertion, and most all that were killed or wounded in the fort met their fate while trying to get the men to expose themselves above the parapet and nobly setting them the example.

The enemy kept up a constant and intense fire, gradually closing around us and rapidly filling our little fort with the dead and dying.

About one P. M., I was wounded by a rifle-ball, which rendered me insensible for some thirty or forty minutes, but managed to rally on hearing some person or persons cry, “Cease firing!” which conveyed to me the impression that they were trying to surrender the fort.

Again I uged my staff, the few officers left unhurt, and the men around me, to renewed exertion, assuring them that Sherman would soon be there with reenforcements.

The gallant fellows struggled to keep their heads above the ditch and parapet, had the advantage of the enemy, and maintained it with such success that they were driven from every position, and finally fled in confusion, leaving the dead and wounded and our little garrison in possession of the field.

The hill east of the cut was gallantly and successfully defended by Colonel Tourtelotte with that portion of the Third division, Fifteenth army corps, that fell back from the town early in the morning. Not only did they repulse the assaults made upon them, but rendered me valuable aid in protecting my north front from the repeated assaults made by Sears's brigade.

Colonel Tourtelotte and his entire garrison are deserving of the highest praise, and I take especial pleasure in recommending that gallant officer for promotion.

Colonel Richard Rowett, Seventh Illinois veteran infantry, commanding Third brigade of the division, manifested such zeal, intrepidity, and skill as to induce us all to feel that to his personal efforts we owe in an eminent degree the safety of the command. Twice wounded, he clung tenaciously to his post and fully earned the promotion I so cheerfully recommend may be awarded him.

The gallant dead, whose loss carries grief to so many households, have left an imperishable memory, and the names of Redfield, Blodgett, and Ayres must prove as immortal as the holy cause for which they sacrificed their lives.

I saw so many individual instances of heroism, that I regret I cannot do them justice and render the tribute due each particular one. I can only express in general terms the high satisfaction and pride I entertain in having been with and amongst them on that occasion. I respectfully call your attention to the accompanying reports of regimental and detachment commanders, also the tabular statement of losses.

We buried two hundred and thirty-one rebel dead, captured four hundred and eleven prisoners, three stands of colors, and about eight hundred stand of arms. Among the prisoners brought in was Brigadier-General Young, who estimates the enemy's loss at two thousand, killed, wounded, and missing.

To my personal staff, Captain M. R. Flint, First Alabama cavalry, and Lieutenant A. P. Venegham, Fifty-second Illinois infantry volunteers, I tender my heartiest thanks and congratulations for their distinguished bearing and efficient services during the entire engagement; also to Lieutenant William Ludlow, Chief Engineer Twentieth army corps, who, sent to Rome to superintend the works there, arrived as we were leaving, and volunteered as an aid for the


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