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[183] A little after daybreak I received orders from Colonel R. Rowett, to throw two companies as skirmishers in front of my command, and to retire slowly to the fort on the hill, leaving one other company in town to cover the retreat of the skirmishers, if necessary. I was then ordered to take possession of a line of rifle-pits near the Cartersville road, with my right resting on that road and joining with the Thirty-ninth Iowa infantry. At about half-past 8 o'clock A. M, the enemy advanced against our lines on the Cartersville road. I therefore sent for my skirmishers, (three companies,) which were still on the right of the railroad and in town. They arrived as the enemy was charging our lines most furiously, and enabled, by their timely assistance, a portion of the Thirty-ninth Iowa to regain possession of a line of rifle-pits, from which they had been driven. After a long-contested struggle, the right of the line gave way before a vastly superior force, which movement compelled my command to abandon their rifle-pits and retreat to the fort. With a portion of it, I fled into the riflepits around the fort, and another portion entered into the fort, where the fighting was kept on until half-past 2 o'clock P. M., when the enemy retreated. The loss sustained by my regiment are as follows: (37) thirty-seven killed; (66) sixty-six wounded--most of them dangerously — and thirty-eight missing.

I would here remark that all officers and men of my command did their duty well. Not one left his post as long as it could be held.

Inclosed is a complete list of casualties in my command.

All of which is respectfully submitted.

I have the honor to be most respectfully, your obedient servant,

Hector Perrin, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Regiment.


Captain Koehler's Report.

headquarters Twelfth regiment Illinois infantry volunteers, camp near Rome, Ga., October 10, 1864.
Lieutenant P. P. Ellis, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General Second Brigade, Fourth Division, Fifteenth Army Corps:
sir: In pursuance to circular, dated headquarters, Second brigade, Fourth division, Fifteenth army corps, October tenth, 1864, I respectfully submit the following report of the part taken by my regiment in the engagement at Allatoona, Georgia, on the fifth instant, marches, incidents, etc., belonging thereto:

On the afternoon of the fourth instant, about five P. M., I moved my command, the Twelfth Illinois infantry, pursuant to orders, with three (3) days' rations, in light marching order, and sixty (60) rounds of ammunition to the man, to the railroad depot, to await further orders. At half-past 6 P. M., the train being ready, I reported my command, consisting of eight officers, and one hundred and fifty-five (155) men, to Colonel Rowett, Seventh Illinois infantry, commanding the expedition, and took possession with other troops of the cars. A portion of my regiment, being on duty on the picket-line, (two officers and sixty-eight men,) were not relieved, and left behind; I also left in camp fifty-four enlisted men, convalescent and sick. We left Rome for the place of our destination at about eight P. M., arriving in Allatoona, Georgia, at midnight, half-past 1 A. M. After the disembarkation of the different regiments, I was ordered to form my command in close column of divisions in an open space east of the railroad track, in line with other troops, the Fiftieth Illinois being to my right, the Seventh Illinois was formed in my immediate rear. Arms were stacked, and the men rested close by for about half an hour, when I received orders to form in line of battle on the foot of the hill, east of the railroad, my right resting near the embankment, my left extending to the camp of the Ninety-third Illinois, and about one hundred yards in rear, and running parallel of the Fiftieth Illinois, which was formed in like manner, and behind a barricade of United States army wagons, being taken apart to afford shelter in case of attack. At daybreak, the regiment in my front (Fiftieth Illinois) was ordered up the hill in our rear, while I, receiving no orders, remained in position. At the hour of six and seven A. M., the batteries of the enemy in front, and occupying a range of hills about one thousand five hundred yards distance opposite us, opened their fire upon the fort above, and some shots, falling short or with purpose, struck around and among my regiment, wounding several men slightly. I at once moved my line of battle a little forward in shelter of a small ravine, and sent for further instructions up to the fort in our rear, and reported the exposed condition of my men. I was ordered to report with my regiment to Major Hanna, Fiftieth Illinois infantry, who, with his regiment, occupied a position on the hill and rear of the fort, east of the railroad. I moved my command by detachments through the railroad cut, ascending the hill from the rear, and formed in line of battle, my left resting on the right of the Fiftieth Illinois, in which position I remained for about one hour. The troops on the range of hills west of the railroad soon became hotly engaged. I was ordered at once to form my regiment in line of battle on the crest of the cut facing west, and to direct my fire upon the hills and ravines north of the fort opposite us, from whence our skirmishers were seen being driven in. I took the assigned position with rapidity, and engaged with my right wing the approaching enemy for about thirty minutes, losing one officer and five men wounded, when I received orders to throw my regiment across the railroad in support of the other fort. I moved double-quick by the left flank, and gained the opposite hill under a heavy and severe fire of the enemy's artillery, killing and wounding some, but the men kept cool and self-possessed admirably. On reaching the summit, I found the fort and the surrounding rifle-pits thickly occupied by other troops. I posted the left wing of the regiment to the right of the fort behind the shelter of small wooden buildings, used as quarters for a section of artillery there stationed, my right remained to the left and south of the fort, and opened upon the enemy, who was


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