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[228] congratulations at an event which at once illustrates the gallantry and efficiency of the navy, and fitly closes the predatory career of its antagonist.

I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,

William H. Seward. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy.


Despatch of U. S. Consul at Liverpool.

No. 302.]

United States Consulate, Liverpool, July 21, 1864.
sir: The pirate Alabama has at last met the fate she deserves. She was sunk by the United States steamer Kearsarge, commanded by Captain Winslow, off Cherbourg, on Sunday morning last, after a fight of one hour. We only have, here at Liverpool, the confederate account of the action. I send you slips cut from the London Times, Liverpool Courier, Daily Post, and Mercury of to-day, giving all that is known about it. . . .

I am, sir, your obedient servant,



London times accounts.

Southampton, Monday morning.
Captain Semmes, fourteen officers, and twenty-seven officers and men, belonging to the late confederate steamer Alabama, have landed from the privateer steamer Deerhound, which witnessed the action between the Alabama and the Kearsarge.

The Alabama left Cherbourg harbor at nine o'clock yesterday morning, and found the Kearsarge under steam outside. The former steamed up to her and opened fire at about a mile and a half distance. The fire became general from both ships when about a mile off. The action took place about nine miles from Cherbourg, commencing at ten minutes past eleven and ending at twenty minutes to one.

During the fight the vessels made seven complete circles. The Alabama's rudder became displaced, and she made sail, and the guns were kept ported till the muzzles were completely under water. The vessel's stern was actually under water when Captain Semmes gave orders for every man to save himself; they jumped overboard and swam to the boats, saving themselves as best they could. The Alabama's crew numbered in all one hundred and fifty when they left Cherbourg; ten or twelve were killed in the action, and a number are known to be drowned. The ship's chronometers, specie, and all the bills of ransomed vessels were saved.


Southampton, Monday.
The English steam-yacht Deerhound, belonging to Mr. John Lancaster, of Hindley Hall, Wigan, Lancashire, arrived here last night, and landed Captain Semmes, (commander of the late confederate steamer Alabama,) thirteen officers, and twenty-six men, whom she rescued from drowning after the action off Cherbourg yesterday, which resulted in the destruction of the world-renowned Alabama. From interviews held this morning with Mr. Lancaster, with Captain Jones, (master of the Deerhound,) and with some of the Alabama's officers, and from information gleaned in other quarters, I am enabled to furnish you with some interesting particulars connected with the fight between the Alabama and the Kearsarge.

The Deerhound is a yacht of one hundred and ninety tons and seventy-horse power, and her owner is a member of the Royal Yacht squadron, at Cowes, and of the Royal Mersey Yacht Club. By a somewhat singular coincidence, she was built by Messrs. Laird & Son, of Birkenhead, and proof of her fleetness is furnished by the fact that she steamed home from the scene of action yesterday at the rate of thirteen knots an hour. On arriving at Cherbourg, at ten o'clock on Saturday night, by railway from Caen, Mr. Lancaster was informed by the captain of his yacht, which was lying in harbor awaiting his arrival, that it was reported that the Alabama and the Kearsarge were going out to fight each other in the morning. Mr. Lancaster, whose wife, niece, and family were also on board his yacht, at once determined to go out in the morning and see the combat.

The Alabama left Cherbourg harbor about ten o'clock on Sunday morning, and the Kearsarge was then several miles out to seaward, with her steam up ready for action. The French plated ship-of-war Couronne followed the Alabama out of harbor, and stopped when the vessels were a league off the coast, her object being to see that there was no violation of the law of nations by any fight taking place within the legal distance from land. The combat took place about nine miles from Cherbourg, and as there are some slight differences (as might naturally be expected under the circumstances) in relation to the period over which it lasted, and other matters, it may be well here to reproduce from Mr. Lancaster's letter in the Times of this morning the subjoined extract from the log kept on board the Deerhound:

Sunday, June nineteenth, nine A. M.--Got up steam and proceeded out of Cherbourg harbor. Half-past 10, observed the Alabama steaming out of the harbor toward the Federal steamer Kearsarge. Ten minutes past eleven, the Alabama commenced firing with her starboard battery, the distance between the contending vessels being about one mile. The Kearsarge immediately replied with her starboard guns. A very sharp, spirited firing was then kept up, shot sometimes being varied by shells. In manoeuvring, both vessels made seven complete circles, at a distance of from a quarter to half a mile. At twelve, a slight intermission was observed in the Alabama's firing, the Alabama making head sail, and shaping her course for the land, distant about nine miles. At half-past 12, observed the Alabama to be disabled, and in a sinking state. We immediately made toward her, and on passing the Kearsarge, were requested to assist in saving the Alabama's crew. At fifty minutes past twelve, when within a distance of two hundred yards, the Alabama sunk. We then lowered our two boats, and, with the assistance of the Alabama's


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