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[324] that his troops (rather fresh) would expect early cooperation, I ordered several batteries forward, hurriedly, in order to assure those troops that we were in position. The enemy's batteries returned the fire immediately, and with great rapidity. One battery was found to be so near our front line that I ordered Colonel Jenkins to silence it. The enemy was found to be in such force there, however, that the engagement was brought on at once, four o'clock. Troops were thrown forward as rapidly as possible to the support of the attacking columns. Owing to the nature of the ground, that concert of action, so essential to complete success, could not obtain, particularly attacking such odds against us, and in position. The enemy, however, was driven back slowly and steadily, contesting the ground inch by inch. He succeeded in getting some of his batteries off the field, and, by holding his last position till dark, in withdrawing his forces, under cover of night. The troops sustained their reputation for coolness, courage, determination, and devotion, so well earned on many hotly contested fields. Branch's brigade, of Major-General A. P. Hill's division, did not render the prompt support to our right which was expected, and it is believed that several of our officers and men were taken prisoners in consequence. The other brigades of this division were prompt, and advanced to the attack with an alacrity worthy of their gallant leader. They recovered and secured the captured batteries, from some of which the troops of my division had been compelled to retire for want of prompt support. The odds against us on this field were probably greater than on any other.

Major-General A. P. Hill deserves much credit for the condition of his new troops, and the promptness and energy displayed in throwing his forces forward at the proper time, and to the proper points. I would also mention, as distinguished among others for gallantry and skill, Brigadier-Generals R. H. Anderson, Kemper, Wilcox, Pryor, and Featherston, (the latter severely wounded,) and Colonels Jenkins, Corse, Strange, Patton, Perry, severely wounded; Lieutenant-Colonel Marye, Lieutenant-Colonel Coppens, Lieutenant-Colonel Royston, and Major Caldwell, the two latter wounded; Captain Fields, commanding Eleventh Alabama, Captain King, commanding Ninth Alabama, both wounded; Captain Otey, commanding Eleventh Virginia, and Captain Kilpatrick, of the Palmetto Sharp-shooters.

The country and the service mourns the loss of Lieutenant-Colonel J. G. Taylor, of the Second Mississippi battalion ; Lieutenant-Colonel D. W. Baine, commanding Fourteenth Alabama regiment; Lieutenant-Colonel J. V. Scott, commanding Third Virginia regiment, and Major William Anderson, of the Palmetto Sharp-shooters. These brave and valuable officers fell at the head of their commands, in a desperate charge on the enemy's batteries.

Majors Sorrel, Manning, Fairfax, and Walton, Captain Goree, and Lieutenant Blackwell, of my personal staff, displayed their usual gallantry and alacrity. After five days of night and day work, they kept up with undiminished zeal and energy. My volunteer aid, General Wigfall, remained with me also, conspicuous for his courage, coolness, and intelligence. Major Meade and Lieutenant Johnson, of the engineer corps, were assigned to duty at my headquarters, at the beginning of the campaign, and were very energetic and untiring in their efforts to discover the various positions of the enemy.

I desire to render my thanks to the medical staff of my command, of which Surgeon Cullen is chief, for their humane and protracted efforts in the care of the wounded. The most untiring and unremitting attention was displayed by these officers, both after the actions of the twenty-seventh and thirtieth, and I refer to the report of Chief-Surgeon Cullen for especial mention of the conduct of the subordinates.

For the details of the operations of Major-General A. P. Hill's division, I respectfully refer to his official report.

Early on the following day, the troops of Major-General Jackson were reported approaching the late battle-field, also Armstead's brigade, of Huger's division. The entire force was concentrated around this field about ten o'clock A. M., and Jackson's command advanced, by the commanding general, on the route of the enemy's retreat. It was soon ascertained that the enemy was in position and great force near Malvern Hill, at Crew's farm.

Major-General A. P. Hill's and my own division having been engaged the day before were in reserve. A little after three o'clock P. M., I understood that we would not be able to attack the enemy that day, inasmuch as his position was too strong to admit of it. About five o'clock, however, I heard the noise of battle and soon received a message from Major-General Magruder, calling for reinforcements, and understood from his staff-officer that the enemy was attacking his position. I ordered the division of Major-General A. P. Hill to his immediate support and put my own in position to secure his right flank, which was the only one that could be at all exposed. One of Major-General A. P. Hill's brigades became engaged about night — no other portion of the two divisions. On Wednesday those two divisions were thrown forward again to pursue the enemy, but after marching two miles through a very severe rain-storm, they were halted for the night near Dr. Poindexter's house.

On Thursday morning, the pursuit was resumed and the command of Major-General Jackson moved forward, but by a different road. Both commands arrived near the new position taken by the enemy before night.

On Friday morning, I rode forward to examine the position of the enemy. He was found to be strongly posted under his gunboats. Major-General Jackson placed his command in front of the enemy, drove back the enemy's pickets, and made the necessary disposition of his troops. Some complaint was made that the troops were


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