previous next

[339] R. Jones. His personal bearing in a most deadly fire, his example and directions, contributed not a little to the enthusiasm of the charge. I regret to say that this brave young officer received a terrible wound from a shell, but walked from the field as heroically as he had gone into the fire. I take great pleasure in mentioning the distinguished bravery of privates Fairley, Westmoreland, and Sharp, troopers of the legion who acted as officers, and displayed great coolness and courage. Conspicuous were Brigadier-General Hood and Colonel Law, commanding brigades. Of the regimental commanders too much cannot be said. Colonel Rainey, First Texas, though seriously ill, joined his command, and fell severely wounded; Colonel Marshall, Fourth Texas, was shot dead, and Lieutenant-Colonel Warwick was mortally wounded. Lieutenant-Colonel Ruff, of the Eighteenth Georgia, led his regiment, and fortunately escaped unhurt. The legion, though not much exposed, was ably handled by Lieutenant-Colonel Gary. In the Third, Lieutenant-Colonel McLemore, Eleventh Alabama, received a painful wound early in the action, the command devolving on Major Webb, who ably sustained his part. The Second Mississippi, Colonel Stone, was ably handled by its commander, and sustained severe loss. The following is a recapitulation of casualties: the detailed list accompanies the report:

Texas Brigade.Killed.Wounded.Missing.
5th Texas,13621
4th Texas,442060
1st Texas,14640
18th Georgia,161263
Hampton's Legion,2180
 
Total,894764
Third Brigade.Killed.Wounded.Missing.
6th North Carolina,5470
4th Alabama,221082
11th Mississippi,181423
Second Mississippi,21790
 
Total,663765
Grand Aggregate, 1016.

So closed the battle of Gaines's Mill, the troops sleeping on their arms in the position so hardly won.

The battle of Malvern Hill, as far as my division was concerned, will require a separate report.

Very respectfully,

W. H. C. Whiting, Brigadier-General.


The battle of Malvern Hill.

headquarters First division, First corps, July, 1862.
Colonel R. H. Chilton, Assistant Adjutant-General:
Colonel: I continued my report from Friday evening, twentieth ultimo. On Saturday morning, the division marched back across the ravine to renew its supply of ammunition, and get something to eat. We shortly received orders to march, and to follow the command of Major-General Hill. After marching half a mile we halted, the troops in front being at a halt, and so remained under arms all day, being ordered into bivouac, where we were at night. This was at McGee's house and farm, a position which had been the enemy's extreme right, and whence their causeway over the Chickahominy leads. The enemy had destroyed the causeway. Passed through their encampments, crossed the York River Railroad, and, marching by the Williamsburg road, we turned off at the White Oak Bridge Forks, and reached the bridge about noon. Finding it destroyed, and the enemy drawn up in line of battle, batteries were brought up, and a heavy fire opened upon him, silencing his battery completely. Our fire was directed by Major Whiting, of the staff.

Sunday, ineffectual attempts were made during the day to repair the bridge, but the enemy keeping up a distant and random fire of shell about the crossing, the men would not work. During the afternoon the furious battle of Frazier's Farm was raging between the enemy and the troops of General Longstreet. It could be distinctly heard, and was scarcely two miles from us. Our delay at White Oak was unfortunate.

Next morning, the enemy having retired, the bridge was repaired, and the troops passed my division in the advance. Marching by the road to Turkey Bridge, on-- road, we presently fell in with the line of skirmishers of Major-General Magruder's troops, moving in line of battle by the Charles City road. They halted for us to pass — the troops marching by a flank. The commanding General of the corps, Major-General Jackson, would not allow the dispositions to be made to advance with skirmishers deployed and in line, but caused the troops to press on, until the heads of the columns closed in the advance guard, a regiment of cavalry, in a thick wood, near — farm, about eleven A. M. On the farm the enemy was found very strongly posted. They immediately opened with shell on the woods; every portion was under their fire. The result was, the cavalry came to the right-about, and broke through the long column of troops which filled the road, now enfiladed by the fire. Though suffering loss, they formed to the right and left with precision and promptness. To our left was a very large wheat-field, on the farm of the Poindexters, which afforded a good view of the enemy's position, and fair opportunities for artillery. Batteries were ordered up. The enemy's position, naturally strong, was materially strengthened by the judicious distribution of his artillery. The first battery ordered into Poindexter's field found itself exposed to a vastly superior cross-fire, and was soon compelled to retire, with loss. Balthis's battery, better posted, and better covered by the ground, fought well, and continued the action until their ammunition was exhausted. Other batteries were ordered up. The position to be taken by the artillery rendered infantry support necessary, and I was directed by General Jackson to form my line with my right on the


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)
hide People (automatically extracted)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
July, 1862 AD (1)
1016 AD (1)
20th (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: