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[406] by the troops as we could desire, though the losses of the command attest that it was no fault of theirs.

I must not omit to mention that the conduct, during these engagements and operations, of my personal staff was such as to entitle them to particular commendation. Captain C. R. Holmes, A. A. G.; Lieutenant A. E. Doby, A. D. C., and Lieutenant W. M. Dwight, A. A. I. G., in both engagements, and Mr. John A. Myers, acting as Aid on Sunday, were assiduous, active, and efficient in the discharge of their varied duties on the field, and distinguished themselves by high exhibitions of courage and self-possession amid the greatest dangers. I again refer to the accompanying reports of commanders for further particulars.

The particulars of our losses are herewith forwarded.

I have the honor to be, Captain,

Your obedient servant,

J. B. Kershaw, Brigadier-General commanding.


Report of General Early.

headquarters Fourth brigade, Third division, August 2, 1862.
Captain G. C. Brown, Assistant Adjutant-General, Third Division:
I submit the following report of the operation of this brigade at or near Malvern Hill, on the first ultimo:

On that morning, I was ordered by General Lee to report to Major-General Jackson, for temporary duty, with one of the brigades of this command, and was by him assigned to the command of the brigade lately commanded by Brigadier-General Elzey, in the division of Major-General Ewell. Of this brigade I assumed command about midday, on the road leading from White Oak Swamp to Willis's Church. In the afternoon of the same day, the brigade consisted of fragments of the Thirteenth, Twenty-fifth, Thirty-first, Forty-fourth, Fifty-second, and Fifty-eighth Virginia regiments, and the Twelfth Georgia regiment, numbering in all about one thousand and fifty men present, was formed, by order of General Ewell, in line of battle in the woods on the left of the road leading from Willis's Church to Malvern Hill, where it remained until very late in the afternoon, during a heavy cannonading between the enemy's artillery and our own, an occasional shell falling near the brigade, doing no damage, however, except the killing, by the same shot, of a private in the Forty-fourth Virginia and a young gentleman named Field, who was a volunteer on the staff of General Walker, of the Thirteenth Virginia regiment. About sundown, an order was received by General Ewell, in my presence, from General Jackson, through a staff officer, to send my brigade to the right, to the support of Major-General D). H. Hill, and the brigade was immediately put in motion, and marched, under the guidance of an officer sent for the purpose, across the road and through the woods, passing along the side of the ravine, covered with trees and thick undergrowth, until the head of it reached a small road leading across an open bottom on a creek. Here the brigade was halted for a few minutes, until the guide could ascertain the route to be pursued, when it was again put in motion, and as the head of it arrived at the open bottom, by the guide's direction, the brigade was started across the bottom, and General Ewell and myself, with my staff officers, were directed to cross by a detour to the right, over an old dam, as the only practicable way for horses. On arriving at the point where it was expected to meet the brigade, nothing could be seen of it, as thick brushwood excluded it from view. In the mean time, a large number of men, retreating from the battle-field, began to pass along the road into which we had then got, and filled the brushwood mentioned, producing great confusion, and rendering it impossible for me to ascertain whether the brigade was passing through the brushwood. After many fruitless efforts to ascertain this fact, I rode toward the route over which the brigade was started, as far as I could, and found a very deep ditch, filled with skulkers from the battle-field, over which it was impossible for me to pass with my horse. I then rode around to a point where I could get a view of the place at which I separated from the brigade, and seeing none of it passing, I rode forward on the road leading to the battle-field, with the hope of finding the brigade emerging from the woods farther off. It was then nearly dark, and I found the road filled with a large number of men retreating in confusion, being mostly from General Toombs's Georgia brigade. These troops, aided by my Assistant Adjutant-General, Captain Gardner, I endeavored to rally, but found it very difficult to do so. During my exertions to rally these men, the Twelfth Georgia regiment, of my own brigade, came up, under the command of Captain James G. Rodgers, and I marched it off, accompanied by Colonel Benning, with a few men from his regiment, of Toombs's brigade. These men were formed in line, by direction of General Ewell, who had preceded me with some men rallied by him in a field, over which a considerable body of our troops had charged, in the early part of the engagement, and in rear of some regiments then engaged with the enemy. Here I was soon joined by the Thirty-first and Twenty-fifth Virginia regiments, which were brought up by my Aid, Captain J. H. Early, who had gone to the rear to look for the brigade. With these regiments I remained on the field during the night, in the position designated by General Ewell--Major-General D. H. Hill being present at the time they were posted, and for some time thereafter.

During the march the brigade was exposed to a terrific cannonading, and shell were constantly bursting over and around it. For some time, the regiments with me on the field, which were ordered to lie down, were exposed to the fiercest artillery fire I ever witnessed. About the close of this fire, Brigadier-General Ransom, with a portion


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