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[412] after the completion of my report. Some portions of it may require explanation, but time is not sufficient to alter mine, already delayed.



Colonel Walker's Report.

headquarters Thirteenth Virginia, August 2, 1862.
Lieutenant G. Campbell Brown, A. A. General:
In compliance with instructions from division headquarters, directing me to report the operations of the Fourth brigade at the battle of Gaines's Mill, fought on the twenty-seventh of June, I have the honor to report that I was not called upon to take command of the brigade until after General Elzey was wounded, late in the evening, and that I knew nothing of the movements of any regiment, except my own, prior to that time. When informed that General Elzey had been wounded and carried from the field, I went in search of the other regiments of the brigade; but General Elzey's Aids having all been killed or wounded, I was only able to find the Thirty-first, Fifty-eighth, and Forty-fourth Virginia. These regiments remained in the action until dark, when I directed them to withdraw to Butler's Church to rest and procure ammunition.

The next morning, the remaining regiments of the brigade, viz., the Twelfth Georgia and the Twenty-fifth and Fifty-second Virginia, reported to me, they having been detached the day before by General Elzey to support batteries.

I enclose the report of the commanding officer of each regiment for particulars and for list of killed and wounded. My own regiment, Thirteenth Virginia, was sent forward as skirmishers in the morning, and killed and wounded five or six of the enemy, and took some twenty-five prisoners. In the evening it was in the hottest of the fight, and both officers and men, with a few exceptions, behaved well, and fought with a determination and bravery worthy the cause in which we are engaged. The loss of the regiment in killed and wounded was very heavy in proportion to the number engaged. Only about two hundred and fifty went into action, and of that number one hundred and twelve were killed and wounded. The loss in company officers was particularly heavy, and is the best evidence of the gallant manner in which they discharged their duties.

I beg leave to add my humble testimony to the gallantry of Captain William H. Shearer, who was mortally wounded while bravely encouraging his men. Also to that of Captain C. G. Cooke, of company A; First Lieutenant F. D. Sherrard, of company K, and Lieutenant Strait, of company H, all of whom fell, like brave and true men, at their posts.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully,

J. A. Walker, Colonel Thirteenth Virginia Regiment.


General Hood's Report.

headquarters Texas brigade, July 10, 1862.
Maj. J. H. Hill, A. A. G.:
sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part enacted in the engagement of the 27th ultimo, near Gaines's Mill,by this brigade:

Arriving on the field between four and five o'clock, P. M., I was informed by Colonel J. M. Jones, of General Ewell's staff, that his troops were hard pressed and required assistance. Line of battle was formed at once, with the Hampton legion, Lieutenant-Colonel M. M. Gary commanding, on the left, with orders to gain the crest of the hill in the woods and hold it, which they did. The Fifth Texas, Colonel J. B. Robertson commanding, engaged the enemy on the right of the legion and the First Texas, Colonel A. T. Rainey commanding, on the right of the Fifth Texas. The brigade moved gallantly forward, soon becoming engaged from left to right. The battle raged with great fury all along the line, as these noble troops pressed steadily on, forcing the enemy to gradually give way. Directing in person the Fourth Texas regiment, Colonel John Marshall commanding, on the right of my line, they were the first troops to pierce the strong line of breast-works occupied by the enemy, which caused great confusion in their ranks. Here the Eighteenth Georgia, Lieutenant-Colonel S. L. Ruff commanding, came to the support of the Fourth Texas, and the regiments pressed on over a hotly contested field, inclining from right to left, with the Fifth Texas on their left, taking a large number of prisoners and capturing fourteen (14) pieces of artillery, when night came on and farther pursuit of the enemy ceased. The guns were captured by the Fourth Texas and Eighteenth Georgia, and a regiment was taken prisoners by the Fifth Texas regiment.

In this engagement, I regret to report the loss of many gallant officers and men. Among those who fell, either killed or mortally wounded, were Colonel John Marshall, Lieutenant-Colonel Warwick, Captains E. D. Ryan, J. W. Hutcheson, P. P. Porter, T. M. Owen, A. A. G., and Lieutenants R. J. Lambert, C. Rich, D. L. Butts, D. P. Lyons, T. H. Halleman, of the Fourth Texas; Lieutenants J. E. Chute and W. G. Wallace, of the Fifth Texas; Captain B. F. Benton, First Texas; Lieutenants L. A. McCullough, T. J. Cohn, Thomas Dowden, of the Eighteenth Georgia; also Major Key, of the Fourth Texas ; Colonel Rainey, of the First Texas, and Colonel Robertson, of the Fifth Texas, received severe wounds while nobly discharging their duty. On the field officers of the Fourth Texas being killed or wounded, the command of the regiment devolved on Captain (now Major) W. P. Townsand, who led it most gallantly. There are many other officers and men distinguished for their noble deeds on that day, for which I will have to refer you to reports in detail of regimental commanders. During the engagement, most efficient service was rendered me in gallantly leading forward troops and transporting orders by Captain W. H. Sellers, A. A. G.; Lieutenant J. T. Hunter of the Fourth Texas, A. D. C.; Colonel J. H. Murray, and General T. J. Chambers, of Texas, and Major B. H. Blanton, of Kentucky, volunteer Aid-de-camp--Lieutenant D. L. Sublett, A. D. C., being ordered to remain with


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