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[422] Lieutenant McGrath, of Eighth Alabama; Captain Hobbs, Ninth Alabama; Lieutenant Shelly, Adjutant Tenth Alabama, and Lieutenant Wayland, Quartermaster of Ninth Alabama, severely wounded. The latter officer's duties did not require his presence with his regiment in battle, but he volunteered for it, and served with his company (Captain Hobbs's) with great coolness and courage. This officer served in like manner at the battle of the Seven Pines.

The casualties among the officers of the brigade number, in killed, eight; wounded, thirty-five. Officers and men killed, one hundred and. seventeen; wounded, four hundred and sixty-three, and four missing; making an aggregate of five hundred and eighty-four killed, wounded, and missing; this loss occurring in a force of about one thousand eight hundred and fifty men.

After the fall of Colonel Woodward, the command of the Tenth Alabama devolved upon Major Caldwell, and after the wounding of Lieutenant-Colonel Hale, the command of the Eleventh Alabama devolved on Captain Field. Major Williams was in command of the Ninth Alabama, and, late in the evening, before the battle was won, left the field sick. Lieutenant-Colonel Royston, commanding the Eighth Alabama, was with his regiment during the entire engagement, and commanded it with great courage and good judgment; and the losses sustained by this regiment, the weakest in numbers, is evidence of the severity of the contest in which it was engaged.

Among the medical officers on duty with the brigade, I may call to your favorable notice Surgeon Royston. Eighth Alabama, acting as brigade surgeon; Surgeon Minor, Ninth Alabama, and Assistant-Surgeon Saunders, Eleventh Alabama. These officers were prompt and efficient in providing for and attending the wounded, and are all men of marked skill in their profession.

To my personal staff, Captain W. A. Harris, A. A. General, and Lieutenant Walter E. Winn, Eleventh Alabama, Aid-de-camp, my thanks are especially due, for assistance cheerfully rendered at all times during the engagement.

I am, sir, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

C. M. Wilcox, Brigadier-General, commanding Right Wing.


Report of battle of June 30.

headquarters Fourth brigade, Longstreet's division, July 21, 1862.
Major G. M. Sorrell, Assistant Adjutant-General:
sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of my brigade in the battle of the thirtieth ultimo:

Having remained on the battle-field the night of the twenty-seventh ultimo, and the following day and night, on the morning of the twenty-ninth of June, (Sunday,) my brigade, in common with I the other brigades of the division, recrossing the Chickahominy near the Gaines house, marched across theNine-mile road, the York River Railroad, the Williamsburg and Charles City roads, and encamped for the night on the Darbytown or Central road, near the farm of Mr. Atlee, having made some ten or twelve miles.

The march was resumed early the next morning, and continued until about two o'clock P. M. It being now evident that the enemy was in front of us, and not far distant, my own, Generals Pryor and Featherston's brigades were ordered to take positions in line of battle, on the left of the road. Before, however, getting into position, a second order was given to return to the road, and, after advancing about one mile farther, we formed in line of battle in the edge of the woods, with a field in front of us, on the left of the road, and to the left of General Pickett's brigade. We remained in this position for two or three hours. Skirmishers were thrown out to the front, and some firing ensued between them and those of the opposing forces. It was now near five o'clock P. M., and the enemy's artillery began to fire. Shot and shell passed over and fell beyond us, some exploding near us. One of our batteries was placed in position on the road in front, and replying, to the fire of the enemy, continued for nearly an hour; but as a heavy forest intervened, but little effect was produced on either side. At length, near six o'clock P. M., (twenty minutes of six,) I saw the brigade (Pickett's) on my right advance across the open field, in front, and I was ordered to form line in the same field, the line being at right angles to the road upon which we had been marching. The brigade was soon formed in line, as directed, and I was then informed that General Featherston's brigade had been ordered to extend to the left, with the view of communicating with General Huger, and that I must also close in to the left; but, a minute afterward, I was ordered by General R. H. Anderson to advance with my brigade to the support of other brigades then engaging, or moving forward to engage, the enemy. Twice was the order given to close to the left, and twice to move forward — my brigade being, in the mean time, in line, and under a brisk artillery fire of shot and shell. Finally, I was directed to obey General Anderson's order, and to move to the front. The order was now given to “forward,” and the brigade was marched in line across the field to the woods. Finding this so thick with undergrowth that a forward movement, in line of battle, was impracticable, the order was given for the regiments to move “by the right of companies to the front.” Marching in this manner, they made their way slowly for one or two hundred yards, until the woods became more open. At this place I met General Anderson, and was ordered by him to press on directly to the front. I was aware that the enemy was in my front, but as to the distance, his strength, the position of his batteries, and their supports, I knew nothing. I had no knowledge as to the character or topography of the ground over which I had to march in the execution of my orders. Marching directly to the front, as ordered, and being guided alone by the artillery fire of the enemy, the shot and shell from which passed over, and often very near, without, however, causing any casualties,


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