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[440] under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Evans, Fourteenth Virginia, the senior officer.

The enemy, in the mean time, had opened fire, about one o'clock P. M. The fire was a terrible one, and the men stood it well. The enemy must have had thirty or forty pieces opposed to ours, of superior calibre. No men could have behaved better than Captains Pegram and Grimes; they worked their guns after their men were cut down, and only retired when they were entirely disabled. I sent for more artillery repeatedly. One officer reported to me, whose name I have, unfortunately, forgotten. But what I wanted never arrived; that is, more guns, and heavier ones. About three o'clock P. M., General Longstreet came where I was, to whom I made known my wants, and he promised to let me have what I required. If sent, I never saw or heard of them. Shortly after this, the enemy approached with a heavy body of skirmishers. I ordered the Thirty-eighth, Fourteenth, and Fifty-third Virginia regiments, of my brigade, to drive them back, which they did, in handsome style. In their ardor, they went too far, but fortunately gained some protection by a wave of the ground between my position and that of the enemy. I was thinking of the best way to withdraw them, and of the practicability of charging the enemy's battery; but another view of the ground, and the distance, (three fourths of a mile,) determined me in the opinion that it was folly to attempt it, unless there could be a simultaneous charge made upon the right and left. About this time, somewhere between four and five P. M., General Magruder came to where I was, assumed command, and gave orders for a charge — my three regiments being still in advance of Generals Mahone and Wright's brigade, which came up immediately on my right. Following my three regiments came General Cobb's brigade, and soon after, the Ninth and Fifty-third Virginia, of my brigade, and these by the Fifty-seventh Virginia, same brigade. The enemy's fire ceased soon after dark. My brigade remained on the field until the next morning, and retired, by permission, to drier ground.

For the time I was in command, I have to thank General Wright for his hearty cooperation and assistance. He exposes himself unnecessarily. The country cannot afford to lose him. To Colonel Edmonds and Major Cabell, of the Thirty-eight Virginia, and to Colonel Hodges and Lieutenant-Colonel Evans, of the Fourteenth Virginia, my thanks are due. Others may equally merit them; I do not doubt it; but it is impossible for any one man to see everything on a battlefield. I am extremely pleased with the conduct of my brigade on the first instant, although there were some few who did not behave well.

My staff officers, Captain J. W. Pegram, Assistant Adjutant-General; Lieutenant J. D. Darden, Aid-de-camp; Lieutenant W. L. Randolph, Ordnance Officer, and my volunteer Aids, Lieutenant John Dunlop and the Rev. J. C. Joyner, Chaplain of the Fifty-seventh Virginia, did all that men could do, and did it well. Lieutenant Dunlop was especially much exposed in carrying orders. Lieutenant R. T. Daniel, Jr., Adjutant of the Fifth regiment, reported to me on the twenty-seventh ultimo, as volunteer Aid. He rendered valuable service in a bold reconnoissance, and for his subsequent gallant conduct I have to refer you to the report of Major Cabell, Thirty-eighth Virginia. And for the meritorious conduct of many others, I respectfully refer to the respective reports of the subordinate commanders. I would also mention the good conduct of one of my clerks, private A. T. Darden, of Upshur's Randolph dragoons. He was with me all the time.

My brigade remained in camp until the third instant, about ten or eleven o'clock A. M. I was then ordered to report to General Longstreet, near Temperance Hall, about three miles from Shirley's, nearly opposite the mouth of the Appomattox. On the road, I received an order from General Longstreet, to report to General A. P. Hill, which I did that evening, the third, and remained subject to his orders until the eleventh instant, when I rejoined my division, at this place.

I have the honor to enclose the reports of subordinate commanders, of the parts taken by them in the engagements of July first, and copies of reports of skirmishes on the twenty-fifth and twenty-seventh ultimo, (originals previously forwarded,) with list of casualties.

All of which is respectfully submitted.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

L. A. Armistead, Brigadier-General.


General Wright's reports.

headquarters Third brigade, Huger's division, camp in advance on Williamsburg road, July 8, 1862.
Lieutenant-Colonel S. S. Anderson, A. A. General, Huger's Division:
Colonel: I beg leave herewith to enclose to you a report of the action of my brigade in the battle of “King's School-house,” on the twenty-fifth ultimo, which was the beginning of the great battles of Richmond:

About daylight, on the morning of Wednesday, the twenty-fifth of June, the enemy advanced a considerable force upon our pickets, on the right of the Williamsburg road, and, after a sharp fire, succeeded in driving them back to the skirt of woods immediately in front of, and about half a mile distant from, our lines. The Fourth Georgia regiment, Colonel George Doles, was on picket duty on the right of the road, and his regiment, numbering less than four hundred men, occupied a line of twelve hundred yards. He had instructions to give me immediate information in case the enemy made any demonstration against him, and, failing to receive any communication from Colonel Doles, I was not apprised of the success of the enemy in driving back our pickets until I saw them coming out of the woods. In justice to Colonel Doles, it is proper to state that, as soon as he discovered the intention of the enemy, he despatched a mounted


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