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[441] courier to give me the proper notice. The courier took to his heels, failed to bring me the report, and has not been heard of since. As soon as I was apprised of the condition of affairs, I ordered out the First Louisiana and First Georgia regiments, and, with them, immediately proceeded to the scene of action. The First Louisiana regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel Shivers commanding, was ordered to advance upon the right of the Williamsburg road, its left resting upon the road, and the Twenty-second Georgia regiment, Colonel R. K. Jones, was ordered into position on the right of the First Louisiana. These dispositions being made, the order was given to charge upon the enemy, then about emerging from the woods, and drive him back to their intrenched works. The order was obeyed with alacrity, the troops springing forward with loud cheers, and advancing through a terrific fire of musketry, routed the enemy, and drove him before them for more than a quarter of a mile. Here their farther advance lay over an open field, behind which, under cover of heavy forest timber and dense underbrush, the retreating foe had taken shelter. With a gallantry and impetuosity which have rarely been equalled, and certainly never excelled, since the war began, these brave and daring Louisianians and Georgians charged through this open field and actually drove from their cover the whole brigade, supposed to be Sickles's. Our loss in the charge was heavy, including Lieutenant-Colonel Shivers, who was wounded in the arm. The enemy being reenforced by the addition of Barry's brigade, our force was compelled to retire for a short distance, which was accomplished in good order. During this time a strong force of the enemy, afterward ascertained to be Meagher's brigade, was pressed forward on the left and near the Williamsburg road, and, moving rapidly up, soon drove our pickets from our lines. At this important juncture, Colonel Rutledge's North Carolina regiment came up to our assistance, having been ordered up by Brigadier-General Ransom in compliance with my request for support. Colonel Rutledge was ordered to move down on the left of the road, supported by the Third Georgia regiment, Major J. R. Sturges commanding, engage the enemy, and, if possible, drive him out of the woods. This movement was executed in handsome style, and with complete success. The enemy having now been driven on both sides of the road to the position which they occupied when the fight commenced, except for a few rods in our centre and our extreme right, where their immense force had succeeded in maintaining the advantage won from us in the morning, a strong effort was made to dislodge us on the immediate right and left of the road, and a battery of heavy guns, strongly supported by infantry, was moved down the road to within a short distance of our lines. This movement was unobserved, owing to the dense woods on both sides of the road; the road itself, at this point, turning suddenly to the right, secured them an unobserved advance, and the movement was not detested until they opened upon our thinned ranks a murderous fire of shell, grape, and canister. On the immediate right of the road, the First Louisiana and Twenty-second Georgia were still posted, supported by Colonels Clark and Ramseur's regiments of North Carolina troops, ordered up by General Ransom, and bravely maintained their position. On the left of the road the enemy made a vigorous attack, and, under cover of their battery, a heavy force of infantry was advanced upon Colonel Rutledge's command, who received their fire with great coolness, and obstinately disputed their farther approach. As soon as the enemy's battery opened upon us, I ordered Captain Frank Huger, with a section of his battery, to advance upon the left of the road, and, under cover of a point of woods, to bring his guns into action at a point about eight hundred yards distant from the enemy's battery. This movement was executed with great celerity, and suddenly unmasking his guns from behind the point of woods, Captain Huger opened a well-directed fire upon the enemy's battery, which in a very few minutes disabled their guns and drove them from the field. Captain Huger advanced his battery, upon the retreat of the enemy, to within a few rods of the position recently occupied by the enemy's guns, and poured a heavy fire upon their infantry, then concealed in the thick woods on the other side of the road. Colonel Rutledge, with his own and Major Sturges's Third Georgia regiment, had not only maintained his position on the left of the road, but had, with these two small regiments, actually advanced upon and driven the enemy, at least three thousand strong, back to the line of their abatis, in the rear of Schurm's burnt house.

On our extreme right the enemy still maintained their position in the heavy woods about four hundred yards in advance of King's School-House, and not more than one thousand yards in advance of our line of rifle pits. Colonel Doles's Fourth Georgia regiment, supported by Colonel Hill's North Carolina regiment, was ordered to advance, engage the enemy, and, if possible, dislodge him from his advanced position in the woods, and drive him back beyond the lines occupied by our pickets in the morning. This order was promptly obeyed by Colonel Doles, who, with his small command, now worn out and completely exhausted by fatigue and want of rest the night before, and the constant fight during the whole day, rushed forward and soon found themselves confronted by Sickles's brigade, strongly posted in a thick growth of pines. The fire here for twenty minutes was furious and terrific beyond anything I had ever witnessed; but the gallant Fourth pressed on amid a deadly fire, and soon the foe began to fall back. Seizing the opportune moment, a charge was ordered, and our men rushed forward, and, at the point of the bayonet, drove the enemy in great disorder and confusion through the woods to King's School-House. where they were temporarily rallied for a few minutes; but another deadly volley from the Fourth Georgia, followed by a dashing charge, and the enemy fled from their position,


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