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[442] leaving us masters of the field, and in possession of a great number of prisoners, besides most of their killed and a few of their wounded.

While this last movement was progressing, I had ordered the First Louisiana regiment, now commanded by Captain Nolan, Lieutenant-Colonel Shivers having been disabled by a wound in the right arm, received in the morning while charging across the field before alluded to, and the Twenty-second Georgia, supported by Colonels Clark and Ransom's North Carolina troops, to advance and regain the centre of our picket line, from which we had been forced to retire by an overwhelming force concentrated against us there about the middle of the day. These regiments, now sadly thinned by their severe losses of the morning, again moved up in good order, and after a feeble resistance by the enemy, again took possession of our old picket lines. The day had now closed, and the fight ceased, leaving us masters of the battle-field, and in the identical position our pickets occupied when the enemy made the first attack in the morning.

Our troops, during the whole day's fight, acted with great coolness and courage, and in the morning, when we were compelled, more than once, to fall back, the movement was always conducted in good order and without the slightest confusion.

The operations of the enemy were conducted by General McClellan in person, and the troops engaged embraced all of Kearney's division and a part of Hooker's, numbering in all not less than eight or ten thousand. To oppose this heavy force I had my own brigade (numbering about two thousand men) and two regiments, Colonels Rutledge's and Hill's, of General Ransom's brigade, about one thousand men, making my whole force engaged not more than three thousand men.

The object of the enemy was to drive us back from our picket line, occupy it himself, and thereby enable him to advance his works several hundred yards nearer our lines. In this he completely failed; and although General McClellan at night telegraphed, over his own signature, to the war office in Washington, that he had accomplished his object, had driven me back for more than a mile, had silenced my batteries and occupied our camps, there is not one word of truth in the whole statement. When the fight ceased at dark I occupied the very line my pickets had been driven from in the morning, and which I continued to hold until the total rout of the Federal army on the twenty-ninth ultimo.

In this severe and long-contested battle, all our troops behaved well, without exception. But without disparaging the merit of others, I beg leave to bring to your notice the gallant conduct of the First Louisiana regiment, in their charge across the field early in the morning, and the very creditable manner in which Colonel Rutledge met and repulsed a whole brigade with his own and Sturges's Third Georgia regiment. The conduct of Colonel Doles, Fourth Georgia regiment, challenges our warmest admiration and thanks for the gallant manner in which it rallied late in the evening, and drove from their stronghold the famous “Excelsior brigade.” I beg leave to suggest that, in justice to these two regiments, the First Louisiana and the Fourth Georgia, an order be issued authorizing them to incribe upon their banners, “King's School-house.” I was greatly assisted throughout the entire day's fight by my Assistant Adjutant-General, Captain J. B. Girardy, whose coolness, courage, and daring intrepidity, throughout the hottest of the fight, entitle him to receive the highest commendations of the department. I regret to add that my volunteer Aid, Captain Charles L. Whitehead, was taken prisoner late in the evening, while taking an order from me to Colonel Doles, of the Fourth Georgia regiment. The conduct of this young officer after he came upon the field in the afternoon was, in an eminent degree, brave, chivalric, and daring.

Our total loss in the whole day's fight amounted to thirty-nine killed, two hundred and twenty wounded, and eleven missing. This does not include the loss in Rutledge's and Hill's regiments, which was slight — no report being made to me by them. The enemy's loss was very severe, amounting to at least twelve hundred men.

On the morning after the fight, a flag of truce was sent by one Colonel Brown, of the Twentieth Indiana regiment, asking permission to relieve his wounded and bury his dead. I had already ordered a detail to do this, and, as I did not recognize him as the proper party to send a flag, the whole matter was referred to Major-General Huger for proper action.

I herewith send you a detailed list of the killed, wounded, and missing, of each regiment of this brigade.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

A. R. Wright, Brigadier-General, commanding Brigade.

On the above was the following indorsement:

General Wright's brigade was in the centre near the Williamsburg road, General Mahone's brigade on his right, and General Armistead on his left, General Ransom's brigade being in support. All were more or less engaged in this action, as shown by their reports. All rendered valuable assistance in securing the result. The attack of the Fourth Georgia and Forty-eighth North Carolina on the right, in the evening, was greatly assisted, and the enemy driven back, by the position and action of the Forty-ninth Virginia regiment, General Mahone's brigade.

A. R. Wright, Brigadier General. July 19, 1862.


Operations from June 26 to July 2.

headquarters Third brigade, Huger's division, July 12, 1862.
Lieutenant-Colonel S. S. Anderson, Assistant Adjutant-General, Huger's Division:
Colonel: I herewith enclose a report of the operations of my brigade from the morning of the twenty-sixth of June to the morning of the second of July, inclusive, in obedience to circular from


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