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[472] were obeyed with the promptness, if not the precision, of drill. My loss, in killed and wounded, was sixty-eight. Nothing but the thickness of the woods saved us from total destruction in our first unassisted efforts upon the enemy's position. Saturday, we were engaged in the work of burying the dead. Sunday morning, we crossed to the south of the Chickahominy in pursuit of the enemy. Monday, the pursuit was continued, until we engaged the enemy at Frazier's farm. Here my regiment joined the brigade in the series of charges upon the enemy's batteries. Without a sign of faltering, shouting the battle cry of “Stonewall,” which they adopted of their own accord, they advanced across two open fields in the face of a perfect shower of grape and musketry, until they reached a small ravine, (traversed by a fence,) within a short distance of the enemy's line of battle. Taking advantage of this slight shelter, they maintained themselves in this position until the arrival of reenforcements, when they joined in the general charge, which won the batteries. My loss here was very heavy: killed and wounded, one hundred and fifty men, among them First Lieutenant W. A. Hoostin, of company I, and my Sergeant-Major, A. Dumone, both of them young men of brilliant prospects, and as gallant, as daring, as devoted to the cause, as any officer in the Confederate service. Tuesday, at Malvern Hill, we were marched to the field, but were held in reserve, and had no opportunity to deliver a fire. Three of my men, however, were wounded by fragments of shell. My total loss has been two hundred and twenty-four in killed and wounded — a detailed statement having already been furnished you. When it is stated that I entered the series of battles with less than four hundred men, it will be seen that the proportion is very heavy.

That there were many stragglers from the field of battle, is not to be denied. There have been stragglers from every field since the war began. As a general rule, however, it appeared to me that the men fought, throughout the whole army, as if each individual were thoroughly impressed with the belief that it was necessary that we should be victorious in the field before Richmond. Amid this army of heroes, I have no reason to be dissatisfied with my regiment. Whether on a march or in the field exposed to fatigue and privation, in the midst of danger, and in the face of death, they were cheerful and obedient, prompt and daring. No order was given that they did not cheerfully and faithfully attempt to execute. Where all behaved well, it is difficult to make distinction. My field and staff did their full duty. Still I desire to make special mention of my Lieutenant-Colonel, Thomas J. Pender. He was everywhere in the thickest of the fight; cool and courageous, encouraging the men and directing them in their duty. His services were invaluable. I desire, also, to make special mention of Captains Savage, Barry, McLaurin, Gore, and Byrne. They were all conspicuous in the discharge of their duties, and all wounded on the field, the last three very seriously, Captain Byrne having lost an arm.

Very respectfully, your most obedient, &c.,

Robert H. Cowan, Colonel, commanding Eighteenth N. C. T.


Report of Colonel Edwards of the part taken by the Thirteenth regiment South Carolina volunteers.

headquarters Thirteenth regiment, S. C. V., July 18, 1862.
Captain A. C. Haskell, Assistant Adjutant-General:
I. The Thirteenth, numbering four hundred and thirteen (413) men, reached the scene of action near Mechanicsville and Beaver Dam Creek at half past 6 P. M., on the twenty-sixth June, formed line of battle, and remained under fire of shot and shell until nine P. M., when the firing ceased, and then bivouacked for the night on the spot. No casualties.

II. In the action at Beaver Dam, on the morning of the twenty-seventh, my regiment numbered four hundred and fourteen, (414.) The fire of shot and shell from the enemy's battery beyond the creek opened at four A. M., sweeping across our position, and continued until forty minutes after five, when we advanced half a mile to the Mechanicsville turnpike, halted and loaded. Under orders to support Colonel Barnes, Twelfth regiment South Carolina volunteers, I advanced in that attitude to the bridge across the creek, (thirty-five minutes after seven A. M.,) where a brief delay occurred to repair the bridge. Crossing as soon as the work was completed, I pursued the march directly on, along the road to Walnut Grove Church, where, at ten minutes after nine A. M., the command halted until ten o'clock A. M. No casualties.

III. In the action near Powhite Creek, about noon, on the twenty-seventh, my regiment numbered four hundred and fourteen, (414.) Under former orders extended, I moved, supporting Colonel Barnes, forming line of battle at twelve, M. While the front of the brigade was actually engaging the enemy, I moved on in position assigned me, through some camps of the enemy, to the road near its crossing (a bridge) over the creek. Halted while the bridge was being repaired.

Casualties.--Wounded, one.

IV. Into the action at Gaines's farm, or Cold Harbor, my regiment went with four hundred and thirteen (413) men. Under orders to support Colonel Hamilton, First regiment South Carolina volunteers, I moved forward, at two P. M., from the Powhite Creek, eastward, toward the strong position held by the enemy. Near the outset of this advance, I lost some men. After a brief pause, by order, the forward movement was continued until we reached a ravine and brook between the position about this time assumed by Captain Crenshaw's field artillery, and the main front of the enemy. This halt of the brigade was at forty minutes after two P. M. The fire under which my regiment remained here was very heavy, and from the ordering forward


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