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[494] who had left a sick bed to lead his men into action, bore himself in a gallant manner, at the head of his company, and is entitled to great credit. Captain F. E. Harrison was shot down, having received a severe wound in his leg, while gallantly leading his company through the severest of the fight. Captain G. W. Cox was shot down while nobly leading his company through the charge. He had sixteen men killed on the field. Captains Moore and Hadden, who passed through unscathed, were distinguished for their coolness and bravery throughout the entire engagement. Lieutenant William C. Davis distinguished himself for his coolness and bravery during the battle. He received a severe wound on the head, bound it up, and fought throughout the day. Lieutenant W. W. Higgins, of company G, was conspicuous for his coolness and bravery during the battle, fighting the Zouaves, and bringing them to a stand-still, with thirty men. Lieutenant Latimer, company G, fell dangerously wounded in the ankle, while gallantly supporting the skirmishers. He has since died. Lieutenant McKay, of company H, was seriously wounded in the arm, while leading his company after his captain fell. Lieutenant Philpot, of company A, fell dangerously wounded, while sustaining the charge of his company. Lieutenant Norris, of company K, fell mortally wounded, (since dead,) while nobly leading his company after his captain had fallen. Lieutenants John B. Sloan, of company D ; Fullerton, of company F; Pratt, of company G; Cheshire, of company K; Holcomb, of company A; Dixon, of company C; Mace, of company H, who passed through uninjured, deserve great credit for the coolness and bravery displayed by them throughout the engagement.

To Lieutenant Robertson, company B, commander of the infirmary corps, the regiment is greatly indebted for the prompt and timely assistance afforded the wounded during the thickest of the fight. This corps worked all night, carrying off the wounded, and were until twelve M., the next day, before their labors were ended. They deserve great credit.

To my Surgeon, Dr. T. A. Evans, I am greatly indebted for the prompt preparations of the surgical department for the battles, and for the skill and ability he displayed in his operations, and taking care of the wounded.

To my Chaplain, Rev. H. T. Sloan, I have always been indebted for the high moral influence he has exercised over the regiment, and particularly after this bloody battle, in administering spiritual comfort to the dying, and superintending the burial of the dead of the regiment. He is entitled to great credit for the faithful discharge of the duties of his office, under great privations and trials.

My Commissary, Captain Edwards, was always at his post, with rations for the men, never allowing the regiment to be without something to eat during the battles.

My Quartermaster, Captain Thomas B. Lee, was transferred, a few days previous, to the brigade staff, in which he bore himself gallantly. I am greatly indebted to him for his valuable services while acting as Quartermaster to my regiment.

To my special Aids, Lieutenants J. T. Parks and William J. Marshall, I was greatly indebted, during the battle, for their valuable services in extending my orders. They distinguished themselves for their coolness and bravery. During the day, Lieutenant Parks captured seven prisoners.

During the charge, my Color-Sergeant, Kyle, of company B, was distinguished for his coolness and the gallant manner in which he bore the regimental flag. When, in the thickest of the fight, he was shot down, dangerously wounded through the thighs, Corporal Milford, of company F, one of the color-guard, gathered the colors and bore them triumphantly through the charge. It has three bullet-holes through it, and one nearly cutting the staff in two.

To the gallant non-commissioned officers and privates who each personally distinguished himself for coolness and bravery during the bloody battle, the country owes a debt of lasting gratitude. It is the private who has to bear the heat and burden of the day, and his name should be placed high in the niche of fame. They are all entitled to the highest reward of a grateful country.

It is gratifying for me to report upon the accurate and deliberate firing of my regiment. There was not a tree, on the side where we entered the woods, marked by a ball higher than six feet, and lower than the knees, while on the Yankee side, they ranged from thirty feet down to the ground.

The result of our contest with the enemy was, two hundred and fifty-three regulars and Pennsylvanians, and thirty-two Zouaves, killed on the field, and twenty-three wounded prisoners, among them a Major and a First Lieutenant.

I trust that the part performed by my regiment in the recent battles before Richmond meets with the approval of our General. The highest ambition of the regiment was to perform every duty in the great struggle assigned to it, and to contribute, by its efforts, in connection with other regiments, to the complete overthrow of the enemy, and to see victory perch upon the Confederate standards.

The following is a synopsis of the casualties of the First regiment rifles, South Carolina volunteers, as made out by the commanders of companies on the twelfth instant. Copies of such reports accompany this report:

Total killed, eighty-one; wounded, two hundred and thirty-four; missing, four. Total, three hundred and nineteen.

Carried into action, five hundred and thirty-seven.

Infirmary corps, forty.

Pioneer corps, ten.

Total on field for duty, five hundred and eighty-seven.

In reference to proper persons to be recommended for promotions, I ask for further time, and desire a conference with the General.

Respectfully submitted.

J. Foster Marshall, Colonel First Regiment Rifles, S. C. Volunteers.


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