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[497] Ewell rode up, and approved of my action. I then went on, and found Brigadier-General Winder, and by his order took possession of the woods beyond Littleton's house, which I held until we marched. This gave us complete command of the battle-field. The next morning, a squadron of cavalry, escorting an officer of rank, coming impertinently near, was driven off by a regiment of infantry, and in moving off gave us a few scattering shots. On this day I lost but one man, but my Assistant Surgeon had his horse killed by a piece of shell. On the fourth of July we occupied, with Brigadier-General Early's command, the woods in front of Westover Church. On the fifth there was some sharp skirmishing, but no loss, except that Lieutenant Bond, A. A. General, Maryland line, had his horse killed.

Your obedient servant,

Bradley T. Johnson, Colonel, commanding Maryland Line.


Report of Fifth Virginia battalion.

camp Fifth Virginia battalion, July 10, 1862.
Captain J. D. Darden, Aid-de-Camp and A. A. A. General:
sir: In pursuance of orders from brigade headquarters, I herewith submit a report of the part taken by the Fifth Virginia battalion in the engagement on Tuesday, the first instant. About ten o'clock A. M., the battalion was assigned to a position in line with the brigade, which position it maintained during the entire engagement. Though not immediately engaged on the battle-field, the battalion, during the whole time, was exposed to a heavy fire of shell and grape-shot from the enemy's battery. The casualties were, one private killed and five wounded.

All of which is most respectfully submitted.

William E. Alley, Captain, commanding Fifth Virginia Battalion.


Report of First company Washington artillery.

camp Longstreet, Va., July 19, 1862.
Colonel J. B. Walton, commanding Battalion Washington Artillery:
Colonel: In obedience to the following order, I reported to Major-General Longstreet at Phillips's house:

headquarters battalion Washington artillery, camp----, July 5, 1862.
Captain Squiers will report, with his battery of rifle guns, to General Longstreet, at his headquarters at Phillips's house.

J. B. Walton, Colonel, commanding.

General Longstreet ordered me to follow, with my battery, such directions as Lieutenant-Colonel S. D. Lee would point out. Colonel Lee accompanied me over a farm road leading into the Charles City road. Reaching this road, I marched to a point opposite Waddill's farm, and there awaited the arrival of the cavalry, which I was informed would support the battery. The cavalry arrived about dark, and, in obedience to verbal orders from General Stuart, I followed with my battery, arriving at Dr. Wilcox's house, situated one mile from James River, about eight o'clock P. M., when I received orders from Colonel Lee to halt.

After reconnoitring the position my guns were to occupy, Colonel Lee ordered me to march, taking a road known as the road to Wilcox's Wharf. On arriving within one hundred yards of the river, I placed my battery, by sections, on a bluff, protected on the right by thick woods. The section on the right, Lieutenant Owen commanding, composed of one steel and one bronze three-inch rifle, and the left, Lieutenant Galbraith commanding, consisting of two three-inch bronze rifles. I placed two cannoneers as lookouts on the banks of the river, and was informed, about one o'clock A. M., that a light was seen coming up stream. Preparing everything to give the craft a salute as she passed, we awaited her approach, and as soon as she appeared opposite our position, fire was opened from my four guns. Darkness prevented us from seeing the effect of our shot; but it was the opinion of all present that eight projectiles, out of thirteen fired, struck the mark.

I remained in the same position till daylight, when orders came to take my former position, in a piece of woods, near Waddill's farm. At this point, men and horses rested until six o'clock P. M., July sixth, when I received orders to place my command in readiness to move at a moment's notice. The artillery was now increased to seven guns, viz. : Four three-inch rifles, (my own battery,) two ten-pounder Parrott guns of the Loudoun artillery, Captain Rogers, and one Blakely gun of Stuart's artillery, under Lieutenant McGregor, the three additional pieces of artillery reporting to me by orders from General Stuart. About eight o'clock P. M., the artillery moved in rear of Colonel Rosser's cavalry, and finally took up a position near the river, on the farm of Mr. Thomas Wilcox, about nine miles from the point we occupied on the previous night. At sunrise, July seventh, a small steam transport, the “Juniata,” was discovered aground, about one thousand yards from our position, when the guns were speedily thrown into battery, and opened upon her. The boat was lightened by her crew, and backed up the river; but finding the direction was likely to prove of disadvantage, she moved down the river, evidently worsted by our fire; and we have since been informed by the army correspondent of the northern papers that she had to be run ashore to keep her from sinking, with a loss of two killed and six wounded. The enemy now came up with his gunboats, and we retired under their fire, without sustaining any damage. He shelled the whole country, but could not discover our new position, which was in a piece of woods about one mile from the river.

About four o'clock P. M., I received an order from Lieutenant-Colonel Lee to send one section of artillery to a point on the river near Christian's farm, which he informed me would be supported by one squadron of Colonel O'Brien's cavalry. I detached Lieutenant Galbraith's section, and I


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