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[498] am informed by Lieutenant G. that he came into battery in time to fire upon two transports, conducted by a tugboat, compelling the tug to cut away and leave the transports to his mercy. Lieutenant Galbraith sunk one transport and damaged the other greatly, compelling the crew to abandon her and escape to the opposite shore. The enemy's gunboats now opened on this section, and Lieutenant Galbraith retired in good order, under his fire, and took up his former position.

At five o'clock P. M., Lieutenant-Colonel Lee informed me that nine transports were coming up the river, and ordered me to move the artillery, now consisting of five guns, to the position on the river we occupied in the morning. The transports soon came in sight, convoyed by three gunboats. They consisted of eight schooners, two abreast, towed by a steamboat. The channel was very near the shore, say four hundred yards, and they were fairly within our range, when fire was opened on them, which was steadily kept up, nearly, every shot taking effect. The enemy, from his gunboats, fired upon us the whole time; but I am happy to say the artillery sustained no damage. The transports having been towed beyond our range, we retired to Charles City Court-House, where we bivouacked for the night. The fire of the gunboats, though very hot, was not replied to by our artillery, and we did not condescend to turn a single piece of artillery upon him, which seemed to exasperate the enemy to such an extent that he avenged himself by shelling the neighboring farm-houses.

Early next morning, July eighth, I was ordered to move down the Charles City road, in the direction of Bottom's Bridge, as the enemy was advancing in large force, with infantry and cavalry. Having accomplished our object, Lieutenant-Colonel Lee ordered the artillery to their respective camps.

During the expedition the artillery fired one hundred and seventy-two rounds, as follows:

First company battalion Washington artillery,122
Loudoun artillery,30
Stuart's artillery,20
Total number of rounds,172

The officers and non-commissioned officers acted with their usual coolness and good judgment, and I would respectfully recommend them to your kind consideration.

Very respectfully, Colonel,

Your obedient servant,

C. W. Squiers, Captain, commanding First Company, Battalion Washington Artillery.

Report of Captain Graham.

camp Drewry, July 25, 1862.
Colonel Chilton:
Yesterday I was informed by my brigade commander, General R. Ransom, that the impression prevailed with General Lee that the guns lost in the engagement at Malvern Hill, on the thirtieth of June, belonged to a North Carolina battery. This battery, under command of Captain T. H. Brem, was the only one from North Carolina in the battle, and lost no guns at all. Since that time, Captain Brem having resigned, I have been promoted to the captaincy. And I presume the mistake has arisen in consequence of the identity of the two names — that of Captain Graham, from Petersburg, Virginia, (who lost two guns,) and my own. His case is now undergoing an examination before a court-martial in Petersburg. At the time of the engagement we were in General Holmes's division, and under the immediate supervision of Colonel Deshler, his Chief of Artillery.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Joseph Graham, Captain, commanding Tenth North Carolina Troops.

Reports of Captain Masters.

July 12, 1862.
Captain Morgan, A. A. General, Light Division:
Captain: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the battery of rifled guns under my command, from the twenty-sixth to the first:

Shortly before the action at Mechanicsville began, the enemy withdrew from their works in front of me. In the progress of the action I saw that while the guns were useless, if kept in the works built for them, that if removed a few hundred yards to the right, they could be used with effect against the heavy battery of the enemy near Beaver Dam Creek. I procured horses from Major Richardson, and moved the gun; but, when near the position I had selected, General Longstreet ordered me to carry it about a mile and a half farther to the right, and be ready to open the next morning on an important position of the enemy, which he intended to attack. The gun was placed in the position directed by him, and I opened a rapid fire of thirty-pounder shells, and, as I hear from an officer who was taken prisoner, with effect, which was continued until ordered by General Lee to cease, to enable the troops to charge over the ground I had been shelling. I had no further opportunity of participating in the battles before Richmond, although, by the orders of General Pendleton, I was with one of the guns near Garnett's farm, and both of them near the battle-ground of the first.

The officers and men behaved well, laboring patiently and cheerfully to get the guns into the several positions to which I was ordered, especially Captains Milledge and Ansell, who accompanied me with detachments of men and horses from their companies.


L. Masters, Captain Provisional Army, C. S., commanding Battery.

Report of Captain McIntosh.

headquarters Pee Dee artillery, July 14, 1862.
Brigadier-General Maxcy Gregg, commanding Second Brigade:
General: In obedience to orders, I submit herewith a report of the part taken by my command in the late combats before Richmond.

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