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[501] on the battle-field until Sunday, the twenty-ninth, when we recrossed the Chickahominy at New Bridge, and followed the enemy until he made a third stand, on the evening of the thirtieth of June. Here the battalion was again engaged, and lost, in killed, two, and wounded, twenty-four. Among the killed was one of our best officers, Lieutenant R. A. Jackson, commander of company D. On Tuesday, the first of July, we were held in reserve ; and, though led to the field, our services were not necessary, and we were not engaged. After Tuesday, the first instant, we marched with the army as far as Crenshaw's farm, on the New Market road, and, after remaining there several days, resumed the march on the eighth instant, and arrived at our present encampment, Farrar's farm, on Wednesday, the ninth. The battalion probably acted as well as might have been expected, being without a battle-flag during all the engagements.

Total loss in killed and wounded--sixty-seven; one missing, supposed to be killed or captured.

Respectfully submitted.

Thomas Smith, Acting Adjutant.

Report of Colonel Crutchfield.

headquarters Second corps, Army Northern >Virginia, January 23, 1863.
Lieutenant-General T. J. Jackson, commanding Second Corps:
General: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the batteries attached to your command in the battles around Richmond, commencing June twenty-seven, 1862:

On Friday, June twenty-seven, 1862, the army of the valley district moved toward Cold Harbor; but the advance division, under Major-General R. S. Ewell, being misled by the guide, lost some time in regaining the proper road, which delay caused the batteries to be thrown some distance behind, as they had to be reversed in a narrow road, in thick woods. This, also, of course, checked the advance of troops and batteries beyond; so that the artillery was very slowly massed on the left, where, as it turned out, it was eventually needed. The advance was first made by Major-General Ewell, his division turning off from the road to the right, and forming its front obliquely to the road. Captain Courtnay's battery was put in position near the left, to cover the formation of this line, should the enemy advance during this manoeuvre. No attack was made by them, however; so this battery did not open; and when the division advanced, it did so through woods and across a swamp, where it could not be followed by the battery, which was accordingly withdrawn, as no longer needed in this position. The only batteries at this time up were those attached to this division, viz., those of Captains Courtnay, Brockenbrough, and Carrington, and among them there were not enough guns of a suitable character to engage the enemy's guns until the affair should become more general, or other batteries get up with the remaining divisions. The infantry, however, turned off from the road to the right, and moved through the woods, to the support of Major-General Ewell, who became engaged with the enemy about four o'clock P. M. The batteries (unable to follow the same way) had to keep the road, which, being bad and narrow, prevented their passing the ambulances and wagons, with which it was already crowded. About five P. M., or perhaps a little later, the batteries of Captains Brockenbrough, Carrington, and Courtnay were ordered in near the left, to engage the enemy's guns, then firing heavily on our infantry. They went up in good style, and under a hot fire; but as soon as they engaged the fire of the enemy, the fire of the latter grew mild, and did very little damage. Our own practice was good; and our own batteries were soon enabled to fire, advancing by half battery, which, together with the advance of our infantry, soon led to the enemy's rapid retreat. The lateness of the hour, together with the smoke of the battle-field, ignorance of the ground beyond, the jaded condition of the horses, and the fact that the road was so obstructed as to prevent the rest of our artillery from closing up to the front, where alone it could be brought into the action, effectually prevented that rapidity of pursuit, and concentration of fire, which a subsequent acquaintance with the nature of the ground, and other circumstances, proved would have resulted in extreme loss to, and doubtless rout of, the enemy.

In this affair we lost no guns, disabled or captured. One of Captain Carrington's caissons was disabled by a shot from the enemy. We captured four guns, which were exchanged into the batteries of Captains Poague, Carpenter, and Courtnay.

I make no account of the artillery of Brigadier-General Whiting's division; for, though this command was, at the time, part of your force, it had but recently joined, and I was unacquainted with any of the officers of his batteries, of which latter I did not know the composition, and so judged it best that I should leave the management of this artillery to Brigadier-General Whiting entirely.

On Monday, the thirtieth of June, 1862, we crossed the Chickahominy at Grapevine Bridge, and moved toward White Oak Swamp, which we reached about half past 9 A. M. At this point, the swamp was crossed by a trestle bridge, which the enemy had just fired, while it was commanded by their guns from the opposite hill, and all approach to it prevented by their sharpshooters, who were concealed in a thick wood near by. After examining the ground, I found it possible, with a little work, to open a way through the woods to the right of the road on which we advanced, by which our guns could be brought, unseen by the enemy, into position behind the crest of the hill on this side about one thousand yards from the enemy's batteries, and some twelve hundred yards from their infantry. Seven batteries, in all twenty-three guns, were accordingly ordered

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