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[502] up from Major-General Hill's division. Having met their officers for the first time on that day, I do not now readily recall their names, and can only mention the batteries of Captains Carter, Hardaway, Nelson, Rhett, Reilly, and Balthis, (the last two belonging to Brigadier-General Whiting's division,) as being of the number. About fifteen minutes of two P. M., we opened suddenly upon the enemy, who had no previous intimation of our position and intention. He only fired four shots in reply, and then abandoned the position in extreme haste and confusion. A house near by (afterward found to have contained subsistence stores) was first either fired by themselves or by our shell, and burnt down. Captain Wooding's battery was immediately ordered down nearer to the burnt bridge to shell out the sharpshooters from the woods, which was soon accomplished, and our cavalry crossed the swamp. It was then found that the enemy was bringing up a considerable artillery force to take position on the opposite side of the road to his former place, and directly opposed to our guns, from which he would be concealed by a thick intervening wood. Captain Wooding's battery was therefore withdrawn, and our batteries turned in the new direction. The enemy soon opened on us with about eighteen guns, I think, and we replied, though it was extremely difficult to estimate the distance, as the enemy's guns were entirely concealed from our view, and our only guide was the sound, while our exact position was, of course, known to him. His fire was rapid and generally accurate, though the nature of the ground afforded us such shelter as to protect us from much loss. The effect of our fire could not be estimated until we crossed the swamp next day, when there were palpable evidences of its having been much more destructive than that to which we were subjected. This engagement lasted until dusk without intermission. We lost no guns or carriages disabled or captured. The enemy had a caisson exploded, and abandoned a travelling forge, battery wagon, ten-pounder Parrott gun, and three caissons, which fell into our hands, uninjured, next day, besides a good many wagons, mostly filled with small arms and ammunition.

The behavior of the officers and men was excellent; but all the former being strangers to me, I mention no names, lest I should do injustice to others. Several I observed particularly from their coolness and judgment, but only remember the names of two or three. I may, however, mention Major C. Pierson, Major-General D. H. Hill's chief of artillery, as having rendered himself exceedingly efficient, and exhibited great coolness.

From sickness, I was not present at the battle of Malvern Hill, which took place the next day; and none of our artillery was engaged subsequently to that near Westover.

I have the honor to remain,

Very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

S. Crutchfield, Colonel and Chief of Artillery, Second Corps.


Report of Captain Lane.

camp near Oakwood cemetery, July 12, 1862.
Colonel A. S. Cuts, commanding Sumter Artillery Battalion:
Colonel: In compliance with your order to report the part my company took in the recent engagement before Richmond, from twenty-sixth June to the present date, I submit the following:

On the twenty-fifth June, the remainder of my company (two sections) was ordered to join one section which had been on duty at Mrs. Price's house for twelve days, being engaged with the enemy from behind our earthworks more or less every day in artillery duels, across the Chickahominy, in one of which I lost one man killed, on the twenty-sixth.

On the twenty-seventh, I was ordered to engage a battery of the enemy near the house of Dr. Garnett. I took position in the open field, in front of the enemy's battery, which was protected by formidable earthworks. In an engagement of an hour, I lost two men killed and four wounded, and withdrew from the field when ordered by Colonel Lee. In the evening of the same day, I was ordered to attack the enemy a second time, taking position farther to our right, where I was under a heavy fire from three of the enemy's batteries, as well as their sharpshooters, and retired from the field when ordered by Colonel Lee, with a loss of one man wounded and a horse killed.

On the twenty-eighth, I was ordered, with a section of my battery, to take position near the Chickahominy, on the New Bridge road, and open on the enemy near Mrs. Goulding's house, which I did, assisted by a section of Captain Woolfolk's battery, and one piece of Captain Dabney's battery, and succeeded in routing the enemy from his position, in the greatest confusion.

On the twenty-ninth, I was ordered to report to General Cobb, as reserve artillery for his brigade, which I joined, and went with until noon, when I was ordered to the front, at the earthworks of the enemy on the north side of the York River Railroad, where I exchanged a few shots with the enemy, who being still in retreat, I followed on with the brigade to the bridge across the York River Railroad, where I was put in position to resist a threatened advance of the enemy at that point, and was under the enemy's fire during the engagement, which lasted until dark, I maintaining my position during the night.

On the thirtieth, I was engaged during the day in moving to a position on the Charles City road.

On the first of July, I took a position assigned me on the field. Just before the engagement commenced, my section of Parrott guns were advanced to the front; but, a short time after the engagement commenced, was ordered back to a position farther in the rear, being still under the enemy's fire, where I remained during the engagement, my only loss being one man wounded.

On the second, I maintained the position of


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