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[505] Mrs. Price's house, opposite the New Bridge, seven miles from Richmond. We were then under the command of Colonel Lee, and attached to----brigade, Colonel Anderson commanding, in Colonel Jones's division, to whom we reported, June fourteenth, 1862.

Nothing occurred on the twenty-sixth, except a little harmless shelling from the enemy's batteries, four in number, stationed opposite to us on the north side of the Chickahominy. On the afternoon of the twenty-seventh, we were ordered, together with two of Captain Lane's guns, all under the command of Colonel Lee, against a stony work of the enemy's, some three fourths of a mile to our right and front. We were brought into position in an open field, about six hundred yards from the enemy's works, when we opened upon him with shell and spherical case from the howitzers, (two twelve-pounders,) and with shell and shot from our rifle pieces, (two three-inch guns.) We fired very rapidly, receiving, in reply, an incessant fire from the enemy's battery, composed, as we afterward learned from prisoners, of thirteen breech-loading guns, sustaining, at the same time, an enfilading fire from their sharpshooters. After an engagement of about thirty minutes, we were ordered to retire, having sustained a loss of one man killed, and three wounded. Of the effect of our fire, I have no means of knowing, except from the report of prisoners, who stated that their loss was heavy in killed, wounded, and in destruction of property. On Saturday, the twenty-eighth, our two rifle pieces were detached to proceed down the New Bridge road, and, in company with a portion of Lane's and Dabney's batteries, to shell the enemy at long range. This duty was performed with fine effect, the enemy breaking and running in every direction. On the twenty-ninth, we were ordered under the command of Major Garnett, and temporarily in support of General Toombs's brigade, some three miles down the road, on the south side of the Chickahominy; but no requisition was made upon us for active service, and, on the next day, June thirtieth, we were relieved and sent back to camp to recruit, men and horses being very much broken down. Of the conduct of the men of this command, I feel it my duty to report that they behaved, with but two exceptions, with marked coolness and gallantry.

With the greatest respect,

I have the honor to be,

Your obedient servant,

James Woolfolk, First Lieutenant, commanding Ashland Artillery, Co. A, Second Battalion, R. A.


Report of Captain Poague.

camp of First brigade V. D., July 7, 1862.
Captain J. T. O'Brien, A. A. G. First Brigade, V. D.:
Captain: I have the honor to report that, on the evening of the twenty-seventh June, when the brigade started for the battle-field, my battery was ordered to halt and await orders. Next day I received orders to join the brigade, which I did, remaining with it until first July, but taking no part in any of the engagements up to that date.

About ten o'clock, on the morning of first July, while following the brigade on the march near Frazier's farm, I received an order from Major-General Jackson to hurry on to the front and report to Major-General Whiting. Not being able to find the latter officer, by direction of General Jackson, I took position in a wheat-field, on the left of Balthis's battery, (Staunton artillery,) which had just preceded us. My guns were posted behind the crest of a ridge, by which they were, to some extent, protected from the enemy's fire.

Shortly after opening fire, the impression got out, by some means, that all the batteries were ordered to leave the field. Not being able to trace it to an authoritative source, I ordered my pieces to continue firing. One or two batteries in the mean time left the field.

Captain Balthis soon exhausted his ammunition, and shortly afterward left the field. By this time Lieutenant Carpenter had gotten two pieces in position, and opened fire. The fire of the enemy's batteries was most terrific, and, in the main, very accurate. That the loss on our side was not much heavier, is owing to the protection afforded by our position.

The detachment of the six-pounder was now so much reduced as not to be able to work the gun. It was sent off the field, and the remainder of the detachment distributed among the other pieces. Finding that the contest was a very unequal one, having the fire of several batteries concentrated upon five guns on our side, my pieces were ordered to cease firing. The gun of Lieutenant Carpenter, next to us, also ceased at my suggestion. My object was, to induce the enemy to hold up until we could get other batteries to our assistance. Two more batteries were then brought into position. Our guns again opened, under direction of Major Whiting, but elicited only a feeble response from the enemy, and after a few rounds, our batteries ceased firing. Soon thereafter, I was ordered to report, with my battery, to Major-General Hill, but was not called on to go into action again. About five o'clock, I obtained permission to go to the rear for ammunition.

The following are the casualties which occurred during this artillery engagement:

Killed: John L. Brown, Francis T. Herndon, of Rockbridge County, Virginia.

Wounded: John Doran, of Lexington, severely, in arm, by a shell; John Fuller, of Rockbridge, severely bruised by a shell.

Slightly wounded: E. Holmes Boyd, R. K. Compton, John M. Brown, Randolph Fairfax, Sergeant David E. Moore, John H. Moore, Abner E. Arnold, William H. Bolling. One horse was killed, and several disabled.

With three or four exceptions, the conduct of the men and officers was in the highest degree creditable.

Very respectfully, &c.,



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