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[512] which we passed was exceedingly severe, my command moved into position in the Quaker road with a steadiness and order which would have been worthy of older troops. Here we were halted and directed to lie down, for protection, behind the fence and hedge-row on the side of the road, and in rear of a line of troops who had preceded us, and who were likewise seeking shelter from the terrific artillery and musketry fire of the enemy. While in this position, a North Carolina regiment came up, and part of it lapping over the left of my regiment. Shortly after its arrival, one of its officers rose, and in a loud voice, proposed the hazardous and rash experiment of a charge, to which proposition I gave no heed, if for no other reason, because my superior and immediate commander was on the ground. Not long afterward this regiment retired. About the same time, a fire was opened upon our right rear, by our friends, which produced some confusion in the ranks. At this juncture, Major Rutherford proposed to go to the rear, and inform the officer in command of our position. I approved the proposition, and suggested that he take with him a stand of colors, that he might the more promptly and safely check the fire, which he did. The fire still continued, and at this moment, if I am not mistaken, the regiment on my left (the Second South Carolina) retired. Major Rutherford did not return; and feeling some apprehension for the safe delivery of my message, I called for a volunteer to bear the same message to the officer commanding the troops who were firing into our rear, that had been intrusted to Major Rutherford. Corporal T. Whitner Blakely, company I, promptly responded, and taking the same route, soon came up with Major Rutherford, by whom he was directed to bear the message giving notice of our position. This he gallantly did. He reported afterward that the regiment was the twenty-sixth Georgia, whose commanding officer promptly changed the direction of his fire when he received my message. By this time, (my left having been exposed by the retirement of the Second South Carolina regiment,) the enemy was pressing on the left toward the road, and, when I discovered that they were coming into the road on this flank, that part of our line on the extreme right was retiring, and being thus situated, without hearing any orders, I deemed it prudent to retire myself. I was pleased to learn, afterward, from General Kershaw, that he had given the same command just about the same time, and was gratified thus to have my judgment sustained by his. We retired under as severe a fire as that under which we advanced, but not in such good order, not seeing anything like a brigade organization. I carried as many of my men as I could keep together while passing through the thicket and the ravines, halting and re-forming my line at different points, as I retired, to the point where our second line of battle was formed early in the afternoon. Here I deployed the remnant of my command as skirmishers, for the purpose of stopping tho scattered of the brigade, expressly those of my regiment, and intending to hold the enemy in check as best I could, should he advance at this point. After making these dispositions, I despatched my Adjutant, Captain T. J. Pope, to the rear, to report to any general officer he might find, in case he did not meet with either General Kershaw or General McLaws, the condition of things in front, and the position I had taken, and to request orders. He reported to General Pender, who ordered me to hold my position. Shortly afterward, General Kershaw came back to the same point with a portion of the Second South Carolina regiment. By his order, I still held my position, collecting and giving directions to many scattered soldiers, and, later, with other portions of the brigade, I marched out, under the General's command, to the Long Bridge road, where I found many of my command, who had entered the road above us, collected, and under the command of Major Rutherford. Arriving at this point, by order, we bivouacked for the night on the farther side of the road.

A list of casualties is herewith submitted. They are slight, considering the severe fire which incessantly prevailed during our operations.

The spirit of the men was all that could have been desired ; and had opportunity offered, they would have achieved honor for themselves and rendered efficient service to their country.

I desire to direct attention to the conduct of Lieutenant II. C. Johnston, of the Third Alabama regiment, who reported to me while we were advancing to the Quaker road; he was separated from his regiment, and requested to serve with me through the fight. I gladly consented, and do now take pleasure in testifying to his gallantry and efficiency in the field. He remained with me throughout the fight. The gallant conduct of Corporal Blakely, already mentioned, is deserving of special praise and consideration.

I desire, in conclusion, to explain the falling off in the number of men carried into action on Tuesday from the number had on Sunday, by mentioning the fact that, besides the fatigue of Sunday's operations, we had a very exhausting march on Monday, which broke down many of my command, and reduced the number of effective men very considerably, as the accompanying report will show.

I am, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

James D. Nance, Colonel Third South Carolina Regiment.


Capture of arms at Shirley.

headquarters Third South Carolina regiment, camp Jackson, July 12, 1862.
Captain C. R. Holmes, Assistant Adjutant-General:
sir: On Thursday, the third instant, late in the afternoon, I was directed by Brigadier-General Kershaw to move with my regiment, two companies from the Second South Carolina regiment, and two from the Seventh South Carolina regiment, by way of the camp of Colonel Cobb, from whom I would get definite information as to the


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