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[516] from twenty-fifth of June to second July inclusive:

On the morning of the twenty-fifth June, I relieved Colonel Kennedy, on outpost, having orders to support the pickets of General Semmes's brigade. All was quiet in the forenoon except occasional firing from the enemy's batteries in our front and on our left, which resulted in no damage. Late in the afternoon, heavy firing commenced upon our right, which drew from the enemy a terrific cannonading, which lasted more than one hour, many of their shells exploding near my regiment, but without injury to any one.

I deployed my regiment as soon as the firing commenced, expecting an attack and supporting the line of pickets until dark, when the firing ceased and I withdrew a short distance, and rested for the night.

I was relieved at eight o'clock, on the twenty-sixth, by Colonel Aiken's Seventh South Carolina regiment, and returned to camp, where we remained until the morning of the twenty-seventh. I received orders, at twelve o'clock, to proceed to the outpost with my regiment. Having arrived there, I received orders to return to camp, which I did by the nearest route; the enemy, in the mean time, pouring a continuous fire upon my line, many of their shells exploding near my command. About four o'clock in the afternoon of the same day, I received orders to march again to the outposts, and with my regiment and Colonel Aiken's Seventh South Carolina regiment, to feel the enemy immediately in front of the pickets of General Semmes's brigade. I deployed two companies from the Seventh and two from the Eighth South Carolina regiments as skirmishers, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Bland, of the Seventh South Carolina.

The Seventh regiment having been formed on the left of the Eighth, I ordered an advance of the whole line. We had proceeded but a short distance when the enemy's pickets opened upon our skirmishers, which was promptly returned, my whole line continuing to advance steadily. As soon as the firing between the pickets and skirmishers commenced, the enemy opened fire, with several pieces of cannon, into the woods through which I was advancing, and threw immense quantities of grape, canister, and shell along the whole line. I advanced to within a short distance of the abatis in front of the enemy's intrenchments, where I halted the whole command. The fire of the enemy, as we approached the abatis, becoming very severe, I ordered the men to lie down, and remained in that position until I became satisfied that farther advance was impracticable. I then ordered the whole command to retire, which was executed in good order. The Eighth regiment suffered no loss in this reconnoissance.

For casualties in the Seventh, I refer you to Colonel D. Wyatt Aiken's report of----June.

I then returned to camp, reaching it at ten o'clock P. M. My command remained quietly in camp during the twenty-eighth, and received orders late at night to be ready to follow the enemy on the following morning, it being supposed that they were evacuating their works in front of us. I also received orders, before that time, to relieve Colonel Kennedy at eight o'clock, on the morning of the twenty-ninth. On reaching the reserve of Colonel Kennedy, he informed me that he had sent out four companies of his regiment in the direction of the enemy, who reported that they had evacuated their works. I then received orders to support the four companies of Colonel Kennedy's regiment, and upon reaching the enemy's intrenchments, I halted my command uutil the other regiments of the brigade arrived. The other regiments of the brigade having arrived at nine o'clock, we were ordered to move forward by the right flank. We proceeded as far as the railroad, at Fair Oak Station, when we formed line of battle and advanced (my centre resting on theNine-mile road) for nearly one mile, when the skirmishers engaged the rear guard of the enemy, and a brisk fire ensued, the enemy, in the mean time, bringing several pieces of artillery to play upon our lines. We were here ordered to retire to a position near Fair Oak Station, and remained there until the brigades upon our right and left came up and formed, when we advanced again, passing through the deserted camps of the enemy.

Nothing of interest occurred during the advance until about half past 4 o'clock, when our skirmishers again engaged the rear guard of the enemy, who disputed our advance. The skirmishers of my regiment, under command of Captain J. H. Muldrow, pressed upon the enemy until they finally withdrew. My loss in this skirmish was one wounded, private Carter, of company A. My regiment advanced to the edge of the field, when we were ordered to halt. Kemper's battery, coming up, opened fire upon the enemy, and was continued briskly for several minutes. I again received the order to advance, passing through an open field, and over another line of the enemy's intrenchments, the enemy retreating before us. My command was halted about six o'clock, in an open field near the woods, and remained there but a short time, when I was ordered to move by the right flank, in order to make room for Kemper's battery, which, for a short time, kept up an incessant fire upon the enemy in our front, they (the enemy) returning it with spirit. Captain Kemper having changed position to the right and in my rear, I again moved by the right flank, in order to protect my command as much as possible from the shells of the enemy, who were at this time throwing quantities of shell at our battery. I held this position until I received orders to advance. In the mean time the Tenth Georgia regiment passed over my line, and into the woods in front of me. I moved by the left flank a short distance, in order to uncover the regiment that had passed my line, and in order to place my regiment nearer the other regiments of the brigade, who were at this time engaged. I advanced but a short distance, when the enemy opened fire upon my line, which


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Kennedy (4)
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Paul J. Semmes (2)
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